List of Israeli inventions and discoveries

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rooftop solar hot-water system
Drip irrigation at an Israeli nursery
Iron Dome rocket interception system

This is a list of inventions and discoveries by Israeli scientists and researchers, working locally or overseas.

Science[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Model of quasicrystals, discovered by Nobel prize winner Dan Shechtman of the Technion

Physics[edit]

Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation

Optics[edit]

  • World's smallest video camera – a camera with a 0.99 mm (0.039 in) diameter, designed to fit in a tiny endoscope designed by Medigus.[10]
  • Development of the "Pillcam" by Given Imaging, the first Capsule endoscopy solution to record images of the digestive tract. The capsule is the size and shape of a pill and contains a tiny camera.[11]

Medicine[edit]

Pillcam endoscopic capsule developed by Given Imaging

Economics[edit]

Biotechnology[edit]

Theoretical computer science[edit]

Defense[edit]

  • Protector USV is an unmanned surface vehicle, developed by the Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. It is the first of its kind to be used in combat.[28]
  • Iron Dome – a mobile air defense system in development by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems designed to intercept short-range rockets and artillery shells. On April 7, 2011, the system successfully intercepted a Grad rocket launched from Gaza, marking the first time in history a short-range rocket was ever intercepted.[29] The Iron Dome was later utilized more fully in the Israeli-Gaza conflict of 2012, where it displayed a very high rate of efficiency (95%-99%) in intercepting enemy projectiles. Further production of the Iron Dome system will be financed and supported by the United States government.[30]
  • MUSIC (Multi Spectral Infrared Countermeasure) – a system that counter surface-to-air heat-seeking missiles. It is manufactured by Elbit Systems.[31]
  • MagnoShocker – combines a metal detector and a taser to immediately neutralize a dangerous person, developed by the mathematician Amit Weissman and his colleagues Adir Kahn and Zvi Jordan.[32]
  • Wall radar – a unique radar utilizing Ultra Wide Band (UWB) to allows users to see through walls. Developed by the Israeli company Camro.[33]
  • Injured Personnel Carrier A unique evacuation method developed by Israeli company Agilite Gear, comprises a strap allowing you to carry the wounded person on your back.
  • The Emergency Bandage is a first field dressing which can be applied and secured with one hand to prevent bleeding from battlefield injuries.[34]

Computing[edit]

Computer hardware[edit]

USB flash drive, originally marketed as the DiskOnKey
  • Quicktionary Electronic dictionary – a pen-sized scanner able to scan words or phrases and immediately translate them into other languages, or keep them in memory in order to transfer them to the PC. Developed by the Israeli company Wizcom Technologies Ltd.[36]
  • Laser Keyboard – virtual keyboard is projected onto a wall or table top and allows to type handheld computers and cell phones. Developed simultaneously by the Israeli company Lumio and Silicon Valley startup company Canesta.[37][38][39][40] The company subsequently licensed the technology to Celluon of Korea.[41]

Computer and mobile software[edit]

  • Adi Shamir, co-inventor of Differential cryptanalysis. Algorithms include Shamir's Secret Sharing.
  • Lempel–Ziv–Welch algorithm, a universal lossless data compression algorithm created by Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv of the Technion institute, together with the American Information theorist, Terry Welch.[42]
  • Babylon, a single-click computer translation, dictionary and information source utility program, developed by Amnon Ovadia.[43]
  • Umoove, a high-tech startup company that invented a software only solution for face and eye tracking is located in Israel.[44]
  • ICQ, an Instant Messaging software developed initially in 1996 by the Israeli company Mirabilis[45] and later procured by AOL.
  • Viber, a proprietary cross-platform instant messaging voice-over-Internet Protocol application for smartphones.[46] Developed by American-Israeli entrepreneur Talmon Marco, Viber reached 200 million users in May 2013.
  • GetTaxi, an application that connects between customers and taxi drivers using the its proprietary GPS system, enabling users to order a cab either with their smartphone or through the company's website. It was founded by Israeli entrepreneurs Shahar Waiser and Roi More.[47]
  • Waze, a GPS-based geographical navigation application program for smartphones with GPS support and display screens, which provides turn-by-turn information and user-submitted travel times and route details, downloading location-dependent information over the mobile telephone network.[48] Waze Ltd., which was founded in 2008 in Israel by Uri Levine, software engineer Ehud Shabtai and Amir Shinar, and is now available in over 100 countries, was acquired by Google for a reported $1.1 billion.

Agriculture[edit]

  • Hybrid cucumber seeds – In the 1950s, Prof. Esra Galun of the Weizmann Institute developed hybrid seed production of cucumbers and melons, disease-resistant cucumbers and cucumbers suitable for mechanical harvesting. Galun and his colleagues invented a technique for producing hybrid cucumber seeds without hand pollination.[49]
  • Grain cocoons - invented by international food technology consultant Professor Shlomo Navarro, the GrainPro Cocoons provide a simple and cheap way for African and Asian farmers to keep their grain market-fresh, as huge bags keep both water and air out, making sure the harvest is clean and protected even in extreme heat and humidity.[50]
  • Biological pest control - invented in Kibbutz Sde Eliyahu by a company called Bio-Bee, it breeds beneficial insects and mites for biological pest control and bumblebees for natural pollination in greenhouses and open fields. The company’s top seller worldwide and especially in the U.S. is a two-millimeter-long, pear-shaped orange spider that is a highly efficient enemy of the spider mite, a devastating agricultural pest.[50]
  • AKOL - a Kibbutz-based company which gives low-income farmers the ability to get top-level information from professional sources.[50]
  • Reusable plastic trays - a Tal-Ya Water Technologies invention used to collect dew from the air, reducing the need to water crops by up to 50 percent.[50]
  • "Zero-discharge" system - an invention of the Israeli GFA company which allows fish to be raised virtually anywhere by eliminating the environmental problems in conventional fish farming, without being dependent on electricity or proximity to a body of water.[50]
  • TraitUP - a new technology that enables the introduction of genetic materials into seeds without modifying their DNA, immediately and efficiently improving plants before they’re even sowed. It was developed by Hebrew University agricultural scientists Ilan Sela and Haim D. Rabinowitch.[50]

Energy[edit]

  • Super iron battery – A new class of a rechargeable electric battery based on a special kind of iron. More environment friendly because the super-iron eventually rusts, it was developed by Stuart Licht.[51] of the University of Massachusetts.[52]

Consumer goods and appliances[edit]

  • Epilator (originally "Epilady") – an electrical device used to remove hair by mechanically grasping multiple hairs simultaneously and pulling them out. It was developed and originally manufactured at Kibbutz HaGoshrim.[53][54]
  • Wonder Pot – a pot developed for baking on the stovetop rather than in an oven.[55]
  • Micronized coating instant hot water pipes developed by A.C.T.[56]
  • Artificial gills – a theoretical special diving system not yet in production, currently being developed by the Israeli company Like-A-Fish Technologies, it produces oxygen from water, making oxygen tanks unnecessary.[57]


Games[edit]

Foods[edit]

  • Safed cheese or Tzfat cheese is a semi-hard cheese produced in Israel from sheep's milk. It was first produced by the Meiri dairy in Safed in 1840 and is still produced there by descendants of the original cheese makers.
  • Jerusalem mixed grill is a grilled meat dish considered a specialty of Jerusalem, Israel. It consists of chicken hearts, spleens and liver mixed with bits of lamb cooked on a flat grill, seasoned with onion, garlic, juniper berries, black pepper, cumin, turmeric and coriander
  • Sabich is an Israeli sandwich, consisting of pita stuffed with fried eggplant and hard boiled eggs. Local consumption is said to have stemmed from a tradition among Mizrahi Jews, who ate it on Shabbat morning.

Physical exercise[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quasicrystals clinch Wolf prize - physicsworld.com
  2. ^ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2011
  3. ^ Two Israelis win Nobel Prize in chemistry | health
  4. ^ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2004
  5. ^ The Nobel Prize in Chemestry 2013
  6. ^ Yuval Ne'eman - The Telegraph
  7. ^ PI Distinguished Research Chair Yakir Aharonov Wins US National Medal of Science - Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
  8. ^ Chronology of Black Hole Physics
  9. ^ Physics Timeline 1961 – 1980
  10. ^ World's Smallest Video Camera Record Broken Again
  11. ^ Israel's 'camera in a capsule' approved for esophagus diagnosis
  12. ^ Co-founder of movement notation system dies at 79
  13. ^ Ruth Arnon Profile - Forbes.com
  14. ^ Multiple Sclerosis « Global Health Vision
  15. ^ Interferon Based Drug May Eliminate Breast Cancer
  16. ^ Wang, Aiming (2011). Molecular Farming in Plants: Recent Advances and Future Prospects. Springer. p. 60. ISBN 94-007-2216-8. 
  17. ^ Yukhananov, Anna (1 May 2012). "U.S. FDA approves Pfizer/Protalix drug for Gaucher". Chicago Tribune. Reuters. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  18. ^ Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman, "The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice." Science 1981;211:453-458.
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ Robert J. Aumann - Prize Lecture
  21. ^ Rubinstein, Ariel (1982). "Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model". Econometrica 50 (1): 97–109. doi:10.2307/1912531. 
  22. ^ DNA Used To Create Self Assembling Conducting Wire: Breakthrough Will Lead To Next Leap In Emerging Nanoelectronics
  23. ^ Computer Made from DNA and Enzymes
  24. ^ Tiny Computing Machine Fueled By DNA; Device Awarded In Guinness World Record For "Smallest Biological Computing Device"
  25. ^ ACM Turing Award Citation
  26. ^ Lempel–Ziv–Welch
  27. ^ RSA (algorithm)
  28. ^ "Protector". Defence Updates. Retrieved 2007-04-21. 
  29. ^ Anshel Pfeffer; Yanir Yagna (7 April 2011). "Iron Dome successfully intercepts Gaza rocket for first time". Haaretz. Retrieved 7 April 2011. 
  30. ^ http://english.cntv.cn/20120518/101009.shtml
  31. ^ MUSIC Soothes the Savage… Missile?
  32. ^ כלכלה - טכנולוגיה nrg - המוח הישראלי ממציא לנו פטנטים
  33. ^ Israeli company develops radar system that sees through walls
  34. ^ Israel 21c, The top 64 inventions made in Israel, retrieved 12 Jan 2014.
  35. ^ DiskOnKey - All-TIME 100 Gadgets - TIME
  36. ^ Wizcom Technologies Ltd (WZM.DE) Company Profile | Reuters.com
  37. ^ http://www.lumio.com/our-core-technology/virtual-keyboard.html
  38. ^ Marriott, Michel (September 19, 2002). "No Keys, Just Soft Light and You". The New York Times.
  39. ^ Hesseldahl, Arik (September 18, 2002). "Typing on the table". Forbes.
  40. ^ Shiels, Maggie (October 15, 2002). "The keyboard that isn't there". BBC News.
  41. ^ Kanellos, Michael (September 19, 2006). "Honda investing in chips to help cars see". CNET News.
  42. ^ HP Labs : About HP Labs : HP Fellows : Abraham Lempel
  43. ^ Translation co Babylon sets new Guinness record for downloads
  44. ^ Mashable article about Umoove Experience
  45. ^ About the ICQ - ICQ.com
  46. ^ Brian Blum (March 24, 2011). "Top 10 iPhone apps from Israel". Israel21c. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  47. ^ "Top 10 Israeli apps that are revolutionizing your journey". Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  48. ^ ZOHAR FRIEDMAN (2012-08-29). "Appaholic: Top 5 ‘Made in Israel’ apps". Jpost. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  49. ^ Weizmann Wonder Wander
  50. ^ a b c d e f Abigail Klein Leichman (May 10, 2012). "The top 12 ways Israel feeds the world". ISRAEL21c. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  51. ^ http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b400251b rechargeable Fe(III/VI) super-iron cathodes
  52. ^ FactsOfIsrael.com: Hydrogen fuel-cell cars developed by Israeli researchers
  53. ^ גאווה נשית: המצאות ישראליות שעושות לנו כבוד
  54. ^ http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-2621280,00.html
  55. ^ "Roast in the Wonder Pot", The Kosher For Pesach Cookbook (1978). Jerusalem:Yeshivat Aish HaTorah Women's Organization, p. 58.
  56. ^ 3 מדליות זהב הוענקו להמצאות ישראליות ביריד המצאות בקוריאה (26.12)
  57. ^ BBC NEWS | Science & Environment | Inventor develops 'artificial gills'
  58. ^ Rummikub® Rules - Rules To Rummy Games
  59. ^ Rummikub: Old Memories
  60. ^ Universal Press Syndicate: Creator Bio
  61. ^ Gone Gaming: Meet Haim Shafir
  62. ^ Taki - Israeli Uno English and Hebrew Instructions - Judaism.com

External links[edit]