List of Olympic men's ice hockey players for Switzerland

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A group of hockey players stand on the ice in a circle, hugging each other and celebrating. They are all wearing red and white sweaters.
Thibaut Monnet (No. 25) and Patrick von Gunten (No. 72) celebrate a goal during the 2010 Winter Olympics.

Men's ice hockey tournaments have been staged at the Olympic Games since 1920; after its introduction at the 1920 Summer Olympics, it was permanently added to the Winter Olympic Games in 1924.[1] Switzerland has participated in 15 of 22 tournaments, sending 26 goaltenders and 175 skaters.

The Olympic Games were originally intended for amateur athletes, so the players of the National Hockey League (NHL) and other professional leagues were not allowed to compete.[2] Many of Canada's top players were professional, so the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) pushed for the ability to use professional and amateur players. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) refused, and Canada withdrew from the 1972 and 1976 Olympics in protest.[3] In 1986, the IOC voted to allow all athletes to compete in Olympic Games, starting in 1988.[4] The NHL did not allow its players to participate in 1988, 1992 or 1994, because doing so would force the league to halt play during the Olympics. An agreement was reached in 1995 that allowed NHL players to compete in the Olympics, starting with the 1998 Games in Nagano, Japan.[5] The Swiss national team is co-ordinated by the Swiss Ice Hockey Association and players are chosen by the team's management staff.

Switzerland has won two bronze medals in men's ice hockey, in the 1928 Games and 1948 Games;[6] Bibi Torriani is the only player who won medals with both teams. Four players have been inducted into the International Ice Hockey Hall of Fame – Torriani, brothers Ferdinand Cattini and Hans Cattini,[7] and Jakob Kölliker. Seven players – Emil Handschin, Sandy Jeannin, Martin Plüss, Ivo Rüthemann, Mathias Seger, Mark Streit, and Torriani – have played in three tournaments; Streit was captain for all three of his appearances.[8][9] Handschin has played in 18 games, more than any other player. Ulrich Poltera holds the record for most goals (21) and most total points (24), while four players have six assists each.

Key[edit]

Goaltenders[edit]

An ice hockey goaltender skates on ice. He is wearing a red and white sweater, and black and grey pads.
David Aebischer has appeared in two Olympic tournaments for Switzerland, winning just one of his six games.
A black and white photo of a man standing on a street. He has his hands on his hips and is smiling towards the camera.
Arnold Martignoni is one of just four medal-winning Swiss goalies, winning a bronze in 1928.
Goaltenders
Player Olympics Tournament(s) GP W L T Min SO GA GAA Medals Notes Ref(s)
Aebischer, DavidDavid Aebischer 2 2002, 2006 6 1 1 3 281 0 13 2.77 [11]
Anken, OlivierOlivier Anken 1 1988 4 2 1 0 220 1 10 2.73 [12]
Bänninger, HansHans Bänninger 2 1948, 1952 9 6 3 0 500 3 23 2.76  Bronze (1948) [12]
Bucher, RichardRichard Bucher 1 1988 3 1 2 0 140 0 8 3.43 [13]
Conrad, ChristianChristian Conrad 1 1956 3 0 2 0 163 0 18 6.63 [14]
Fasel, CharlesCharles Fasel 1 1928 4 2 1 1 155 1 4 1.55  Bronze (1928) [15]
Filliol, EdouardEdouard Filliol 1 1924 1 0 1 0 59 0 9 9.15 [15]
Gerber, MartinMartin Gerber 2 2002, 2006 6 3 2 0 318 1 15 2.83 [16]
Hiller, JonasJonas Hiller 1 2010 5 2 3 0 316 0 13 2.47 [17]
Hirtz, ArnoldArnold Hirtz 1 1936 1 1 0 0 45 1 0 0.00 [18]
Jorns, AndreAndre Jorns 1 1976 4 2 2 0 240 0 16 4.00 [19]
Kiener, RenéRené Kiener 1 1964 2 0 2 0 120 0 17 8.50 [19]
Künzler, AlbertAlbert Künzler 1 1936 2 0 2 0 90 0 5 3.33 [20]
Martignoni, ArnoldArnold Martignoni 1 1928 3 0 1 0 70 0 17 14.57  Bronze (1928) [21]
Molina, AlfioAlfio Molina 2 1972, 1976 3 0 1 2 177 0 11 3.73 [22]
Pavoni, RetoReto Pavoni 1 1992 1 0 1 0 60 0 8 8.00 [23]
Perl, RetoReto Perl 1 1948 4 3 1 0 240 0 15 3.75  Bronze (1948) [23]
Riesen, MartinMartin Riesen 1 1956 3 1 2 0 137 0 16 7.00 [24]
Rigolet, GérardGérard Rigolet 2 1964, 1972 8 0 7 0 422 0 49 6.97 [25]
Savoie, RenéRené Savoie 2 1920, 1924 5 0 4 0 201 0 77 22.99 [25]
Tosio, RenatoRenato Tosio 2 1988, 1992 6 2 4 0 359 0 24 4.01 [26]
Wyss, PaulPaul Wyss 1 1952 4 1 2 0 220 0 23 6.07 [27]

Reserve goaltenders[edit]

These goaltenders were named to the Olympic roster, but did not receive any ice time during games.

Reserve goaltenders
Player Olympics Medals Ref(s)
Bührer, MarcoMarco Bührer 2006 [28]
Rüeger, RonnieRonnie Rüeger 2010 [29]
Stephan, TobiasTobias Stephan 2010 [29]
Weibel, LarsLars Weibel 2002 [30]

Skaters[edit]

A Caucasian male ice hockey player shown from the knees up. He is wearing a red and white sweater with a dark helmet.
Goran Bezina scored two assists in six games during the 2006 tournament.
A Caucasian male ice hockey player shown skating on ice in a full-body shot. He is wearing a red and white sweater with a dark helmet.
Martin Plüss has appeared in 15 games over three Olympics.
A Caucasian male ice hockey player shown from the knees up. He is wearing a red and white sweater with a dark helmet.
Ivo Rüthemann is one of only seven players to appear in three Olympic tournaments for Switzerland.
A Caucasian male ice hockey player shown from the knees up. He is wearing a red and white sweater with a dark helmet.
Mathias Seger has the second-most penalty minutes (22) of any Swiss player in Olympic history.
A Caucasian male ice hockey player shown from the knees up. He is wearing an orange, blue and white sweater with a white helmet.
Mark Streit captained the Swiss team three times: in 2002, 2006 and 2010.
Skaters
Player Olympics Tournaments GP G A P PIM Medals Notes Ref(s)
Aeschlimann, Jean-JacquesJean-Jacques Aeschlimann 1 2002 4 3 3 6 2 [31]
Aeschlimann, PeterPeter Aeschlimann 1 1972 4 0 0 0 2 [31]
Ambühl, AndresAndres Ambühl 2 2006, 2010 6 0 0 0 0 [32]
Andreossi, MezziMezzi Andreossi 1 1928 2 0 0 0 4  Bronze (1928) [33]
Auckenthaler, FredFred Auckenthaler 1 1924 2 0 0 0 0 [34]
Bagnoud, BernhardBernhard Bagnoud 1 1956 5 6 2 8 6 [35]
Balmer, SamuelSamuel Balmer 1 1992 7 3 0 3 0 [35]
Bazzi, GianGian Bazzi 1 1952 8 3 0 3 0 [36]
Berger, JürgJürg Berger 1 1976 5 1 3 4 6 [37]
Berra, RenéRené Berra 1 1972 4 0 0 0 0 [38]
Berry, FranzFranz Berry 2 1956, 1964 12 0 1 1 8 [38]
Bertaggia, SandroSandro Bertaggia 1 1992 7 0 2 2 2 [38]
Beutler, AndreasAndreas Beutler 1 1992 7 0 1 1 14 [38]
Bezina, GoranGoran Bezina 1 2006 6 0 2 2 0 [39]
Bieler, AlfredAlfred Bieler 1 1948 5 5 0 5 0  Bronze (1948) [40]
Blank, FrançoisFrançois Blank 1 1952 5 0 0 0 0 [41]
Blindenbacher, SeverinSeverin Blindenbacher 2 2006, 2010 11 1 2 3 10 [39]
Boller, HeinrichHeinrich Boller 1 1948 5 3 0 3 0  Bronze (1948) [42]
Boucher, GaetanGaetan Boucher 1 1988 6 0 1 1 8 [43]
Brasey, PatricePatrice Brasey 2 1988, 1992 11 1 0 1 37 [44]
Breiter, RobertRobert Breiter 1 1928 4 2 0 2 0  Bronze (1928) [44]
Brodmann, MarioMario Brodmann 1 1992 7 2 2 4 8 [45]
Burkart, UrsUrs Burkart 1 1988 5 0 2 2 0 [46]
Cattini, FerdinandFerdinand Cattini 2 1936, 1948 9 1 0 1 0  Bronze (1948) IIHFHOF (1998) [10][47]
Cattini, HansHans Cattini 2 1936, 1948 9 1 0 1 0  Bronze (1948) IIHFHOF (1998) [10][47]
Celio, BixioBixio Celio 1 1952 4 1 0 1 0 [47]
Celio, ManueleManuele Celio 2 1988, 1992 13 2 1 3 0 [47]
Chappot, RogerRoger Chappot 1 1964 7 0 0 0 8 [47]
Christen, BjörnBjörn Christen 1 2002 4 0 0 0 6 [48]
Conne, FlavienFlavien Conne 2 2002, 2006 7 1 0 1 6 [49]
Crameri, Gian-MarcoGian-Marco Crameri 1 2002 4 0 1 1 4 [50]
Cuendet, RodolpheRodolphe Cuendet 1 1920 2 0 0 0 0 [51]
Cunti, PietroPietro Cunti 1 1988 2 1 1 2 2 [51]
von Siebenthal, WalterWalter von Siebenthal 1 1924 3 0 0 0 0 Team Captain (1924) [8]
Della Rossa, PatricPatric Della Rossa 2 2002, 2006 10 0 3 3 6 [9]
Delnon, RetoReto Delnon 1 1952 7 0 2 2 0 [9]
Déruns, ThomasThomas Déruns 1 2010 5 0 0 0 0 [52]
Diaz, RaphaelRaphael Diaz 1 2010 5 0 0 0 4 [52]
Diethelm, RolfRolf Diethelm 1 1964 6 1 0 1 0 [53]
DiPietro, PaulPaul DiPietro 1 2006 6 3 0 3 0 [53]
Domenichelli, HnatHnat Domenichelli 1 2010 5 1 2 3 4 [54]
Dubi, GérardGérard Dubi 1 1972 4 0 1 1 0 [55]
Dubois, GuyGuy Dubois 2 1972, 1976 9 2 2 4 4 [55]
Dufour, LouisLouis Dufour 2 1920, 1928 6 3 0 3 0  Bronze (1928) Team Captain (1928) [8][55]
Dürst, HansHans Dürst 1 1948 7 5 0 5 0  Bronze (1948) [56]
Dürst, WalterWalter Dürst 2 1948, 1952 12 8 0 8 0  Bronze (1948) [56]
Dürst, WalterWalter Dürst 1 1976 4 3 2 5 0 [56]
Eberle, JörgJörg Eberle 2 1988, 1992 13 7 5 12 12 Team Captain (1992) [8][56]
Fair, KeithKeith Fair 1 1992 7 2 5 7 6 [57]
Fischer, PatrickPatrick Fischer 2 2002, 2006 10 2 1 3 8 [58]
Forster, BeatBeat Forster 1 2006 6 0 0 0 6 [59]
Frei, RatusRatus Frei 1 1956 5 0 0 0 0 [60]
Friedrich, ElwynElwyn Friedrich 1 1964 7 0 0 0 0 Team Captain (1964) [8][60]
Furrer, PhilippePhilippe Furrer 1 2010 5 0 1 1 2 [59]
Furrer, GastonGaston Furrer 2 1964, 1972 11 0 1 1 12 [61]
Geromini, AlbertAlbert Geromini 1 1928 4 1 0 1 3  Bronze (1928) [62]
Golaz, ÉmileÉmile Golaz 2 1952, 1956 13 3 1 4 2 [63]
Handschin, EmilEmil Handschin 3 1948, 1952, 1956 18 4 1 5 2  Bronze (1948) Team Captain (1956) [8][64]
Heller, OttoOtto Heller 1 1936 3 0 0 0 0 [65]
Henzen, CharlesCharles Henzen 2 1972, 1976 8 0 0 0 6 Team Captain (1976) [8][66]
Hirschi, SteveSteve Hirschi 1 2006 6 0 0 0 4 [67]
Hofer, PaulPaul Hofer 2 1952, 1956 10 0 0 0 2 [68]
Hofmann, ÜliÜli Hofmann 1 1976 5 0 1 1 4 [68]
Höhener, MartinMartin Höhener 1 2002 4 0 0 0 0 [68]
Hollenstein, FelixFelix Hollenstein 1 1988 6 1 1 2 2 [68]
Holzboer, MaxMax Holzboer 1 1920 1 0 0 0 0 [69]
Holzer, RenzoRenzo Holzer 1 1976 5 2 3 5 4 [69]
Honegger, DougDoug Honegger 1 1992 2 0 0 0 0 [69]
Howald, PatrickPatrick Howald 1 1992 7 4 3 7 4 [70]
Hug, ErnstErnst Hug 1 1936 3 0 0 0 0 [71]
Huguenin, RenéRené Huguenin 1 1972 3 0 1 1 0 Team Captain (1972) [8][71]
Jaccard, MariusMarius Jaccard 2 1920, 1924 4 0 0 0 0 [72]
Jacquet, ErnestErnest Jacquet 1 1924 1 0 0 0 0 [72]
Jaks, PeterPeter Jaks 2 1988, 1992 13 3 3 6 6 [72]
Jeannin, SandySandy Jeannin 3 2002, 2006, 2010 15 1 2 3 4 [73]
Jenni, MarcelMarcel Jenni 2 2002, 2006 8 0 0 0 4 [73]
Jenni, HeinzHeinz Jenni 1 1972 4 1 0 1 0 [74]
Jenny, OskarOskar Jenny 1 1964 3 0 0 0 2 [74]
Keller, HansHans Keller 1 1972 4 0 0 0 0 [75]
Keller, OlivierOlivier Keller 2 2002, 2006 10 0 1 1 12 [75]
Keller, RuediRuedi Keller 1 1956 1 0 0 0 0 [75]
Keller, WalterWalter Keller 1 1956 5 2 1 3 2 [75]
Kessler, CharlesCharles Kessler 1 1936 3 1 0 1 0 [76]
Kessler, DinoDino Kessler 1 1992 7 0 0 0 10 [76]
Kessler, HerbertHerbert Kessler 1 1936 3 0 0 0 0 [76]
Kölliker, JakobJakob Kölliker 2 1976, 1988 11 2 6 8 8 Team Captain (1988)
IIHFHOF (2007)
[8][10][77]
Kraatz, FritzFritz Kraatz 1 1928 3 0 0 0 0  Bronze (1928) [78]
Künzi, AndréAndré Künzi 2 1988, 1992 9 0 0 0 4 [79]
Lehmann, PeterPeter Lehmann 1 1972 3 1 0 1 0 [80]
Lemm, RomanoRomano Lemm 2 2006, 2010 11 4 0 4 10 [81]
Leuenberger, MarcMarc Leuenberger 1 1988 6 0 0 0 0 [82]
Leuenberger, SvenSven Leuenberger 1 1992 7 1 0 1 8 [82]
Leuzinger, BrunoBruno Leuzinger 2 1920, 1924 1 0 0 0 0 [82]
Lob, PaulPaul Lob 1 1920 2 0 0 0 0 [83]
Lohrer, HeiniHeini Lohrer 1 1948 7 11 0 11 0  Bronze (1948) [84]
Lohrer, WernerWerner Lohrer 1 1948 3 2 0 2 0  Bronze (1948) [85]
Lüthi, AlfredAlfred Lüthi 2 1988, 1992 13 2 6 8 18 [86]
Lüthi, ErnstErnst Lüthi 1 1976 4 1 0 1 2 [86]
Martignoni, AdolfAdolf Martignoni 1 1936 1 0 0 0 0 [87]
Mathieu, NandoNando Mathieu 1 1976 5 3 2 5 2 [88]
Mattli, GeorgGeorg Mattli 1 1976 5 0 0 0 0 [88]
Mazzoleni, FaustoFausto Mazzoleni 1 1988 6 3 0 3 2 [89]
Meng, HeiniHeini Meng 1 1928 3 1 0 1 4  Bronze (1928) [90]
Meyer, AndreasAndreas Meyer 1 1976 5 0 1 1 4 [90]
Monnet, ThibautThibaut Monnet 1 2010 5 0 1 1 0 [91]
Montandon, GilGil Montandon 2 1988, 1992 11 1 2 3 6 [92]
Morosani, AntonAnton Morosani 1 1928 4 1 0 1 0  Bronze (1928) [93]
Mottier, ErnestErnest Mottier 1 1924 3 0 0 0 0 [93]
Müller, PaulPaul Müller 1 1924 3 0 0 0 0 [94]
Naef, FritzFritz Naef 1 1956 5 6 2 8 4 [95]
Neininger, BernhardBernhard Neininger 1 1976 5 2 0 2 6 [96]
Neininger, AntonAnton Neininger 2 1972, 1976 9 6 2 8 6 [96]
Neuenschwander, PhilippPhilipp Neuenschwander 1 1988 6 0 3 3 2 [97]
Ott, HansHans Ott 1 1956 5 1 0 1 4 [98]
Pappa, HansHans Pappa 1 1956 4 0 0 0 0 [99]
Parolini, PioPio Parolini 1 1964 7 3 0 3 0 [99]
Paterlini, ThierryThierry Paterlini 2 2006, 2010 11 1 1 2 12 [100]
Peter, KurtKurt Peter 1 1956 5 0 0 0 2 [101]
Pfammatter, KurtKurt Pfammatter 1 1964 7 1 1 2 2 [102]
Pfister, WillyWilly Pfister 1 1952 8 1 2 3 0 [103]
Pleisch, ThomasThomas Pleisch 1 1936 1 0 0 0 0 [104]
Plüss, MartinMartin Plüss 3 2002, 2006, 2010 15 2 6 8 10 [105]
Poltera, GebhardGebhard Poltera 2 1948, 1952 14 6 5 11 0  Bronze (1948) [106]
Poltera, UlrichUlrich Poltera 2 1948, 1952 14 21 3 24 0  Bronze (1948) Team Captain (1952) [8][106]
Pousaz, JacquesJacques Pousaz 1 1972 4 0 2 2 0 [107]
Probst, PaulPaul Probst 1 1972 4 0 0 0 0 [108]
Reinhard, FrancisFrancis Reinhard 1 1972 4 1 2 3 0 [109]
Riesch, GeorgGeorg Riesch 1 1956 4 0 0 0 10 [110]
Ritsch, AndreasAndreas Ritsch 1 1988 6 1 1 2 4 [111]
Rogger, BrunoBruno Rogger 1 1988 6 3 1 4 10 [112]
Rötheli, AndréAndré Rötheli 2 1992, 2002 11 1 3 4 6 [113]
Rottaris, MarioMario Rottaris 1 1992 7 2 1 3 4 [113]
Rüedi, LuziusLuzius Rüedi 1 1928 3 0 0 0 2  Bronze (1928) [113]
Rüedi, BeatBeat Rüedi 1 1948 5 2 0 2 0  Bronze (1948) [113]
Rüegg, MaxMax Rüegg 1 1964 7 0 0 0 0 [113]
Rüthemann, IvoIvo Rüthemann 3 2002, 2006, 2010 15 3 3 6 2 [114]
Salis, EdgarEdgar Salis 1 2002 2 0 0 0 0 [115]
Salzmann, WalterWalter Salzmann 1 1964 7 0 0 0 2 [115]
Sannitz, RaffaeleRaffaele Sannitz 1 2010 5 1 1 2 8 [114]
Sbisa, LucaLuca Sbisa 1 2010 5 0 0 0 0 [116]
Schlagenhauf, PeterPeter Schlagenhauf 1 1988 6 2 0 2 0 [117]
Schläpfer, OttoOtto Schläpfer 2 1952, 1956 13 2 0 2 8 [117]
Schmidt, OskarOskar Schmidt 1 1936 2 0 0 0 0 [117]
Schubiger, OttoOtto Schubiger 2 1948, 1952 9 8 1 9 0  Bronze (1948) [118]
Seger, MathiasMathias Seger 3 2002, 2006, 2010 15 0 4 4 22 [116]
Sgualdo, MarcelMarcel Sgualdo 1 1972 3 0 1 1 5 [119]
Sillig, MaxMax Sillig 1 1920 2 0 0 0 0 Team Captain (1920) [8][120]
Sprunger, JulienJulien Sprunger 1 2010 5 2 0 2 2 [121]
Stammbach, PeterPeter Stammbach 1 1964 7 0 3 3 0 [122]
Steinegger, MartinMartin Steinegger 1 2002 4 0 0 0 6 [123]
Streit, MarkMark Streit 3 2002, 2006, 2010 15 3 5 8 6 Team Captain (2002, 2006, 2010) [8][124]
Streun, AlfredAlfred Streun 1 1952 4 0 0 0 0 [125]
Sutter, PatrickPatrick Sutter 1 2002 4 0 2 2 6 [126]
Ton, AndreasAndreas Ton 1 1992 6 0 0 0 2 [127]
Torriani, BibiBibi Torriani 3 1928, 1936, 1948 11 3 0 3 0  Bronze (1928)
 Bronze (1948)
Team Captain (1936, 1948)
IIHFHOF (1997)
[8][10][127]
Trepp, Hans-MartinHans-Martin Trepp 2 1948, 1952 14 18 3 21 0  Bronze (1948) [128]
Truffer, HeroldHerold Truffer 1 1964 7 1 1 2 2 [128]
Tschiemer, RolfRolf Tschiemer 1 1976 5 3 3 6 2 [129]
Turler, MichelMichel Turler 1 1972 4 4 0 4 6 [130]
Unger, DonaldDonald Unger 1 1924 2 1 0 1 0 [131]
Vauclair, JulienJulien Vauclair 2 2002, 2006 10 1 0 1 8 [132]
Verdeil, AndréAndré Verdeil 1 1924 3 1 0 1 0 [133]
Von Arx, RetoReto Von Arx 1 2002 2 0 1 1 0 [134]
von Gunten, PatrickPatrick von Gunten 1 2010 5 1 0 1 0 [135]
Vrabec, ThomasThomas Vrabec 2 1988, 1992 13 2 6 8 18 [134]
Wäger, RomanRoman Wäger 1 1988 6 1 0 1 4 [134]
Weber, YannickYannick Weber 1 2010 5 0 0 0 6 [135]
Weingärtner, SeppSepp Weingärtner 1 1956 1 0 0 0 0 [136]
Wespi, PeterPeter Wespi 1 1964 7 1 0 1 2 [137]
Wichser, AdrianAdrian Wichser 1 2006 6 0 0 0 2 [137]
Wick, RomanRoman Wick 1 2010 5 2 3 5 2 [135]
Widmer, DanielDaniel Widmer 1 1976 5 1 2 3 0 [137]
Wittwer, OttoOtto Wittwer 1 1964 7 0 0 0 2 [138]
Zenhäusern, AldoAldo Zenhäusern 1 1976 5 1 0 1 0 [139]
Ziegler, ThomasThomas Ziegler 1 2006 5 1 0 1 8 [140]
Zimmermann, JürgJürg Zimmermann 1 1964 5 2 0 2 2 [141]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ice Hockey Equipment and History". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved May 24, 2011. 
  2. ^ Schantz, Otto. The Olympic Ideal and the Winter Games Attitudes Towards the Olympic Winter Games in Olympic Discourses—from Coubertin to Samaranch (PDF). Comité International Pierre De Coubertin. Retrieved March 30, 2009. 
  3. ^ Podnieks, Andrew & Szemberg, Szymon. "Story #17–Protesting amateur rules, Canada leaves international hockey". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  4. ^ Netter, Thomas (October 15, 1986). "New Olympic cycle approved". The New York Times. "The I.O.C. also adopted new rules on eligibility that would allow international sports federations to decide on admitting professionals..." 
  5. ^ Lapointe, Joe (September 16, 1997). "The N.H.L.'s Olympic Gamble; Stars' Participation in Nagano Could Raise Sport's Profile". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Olympic Ice Hockey Tournaments, Men". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved May 24, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Ferdinand Cattini Bio, Stats and Results". Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Podnieks 2011, p. 82
  9. ^ a b c Podnieks 2011, p. 453
  10. ^ a b c d e "IIHF Hall of Fame". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved July 22, 2013. 
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  132. ^ Podnieks 2011, p. 414
  133. ^ Podnieks 2011, p. 591
  134. ^ a b c Podnieks 2011, p. 593
  135. ^ a b c Podnieks 2011, p. 415
  136. ^ Podnieks 2011, p. 595
  137. ^ a b c Podnieks 2011, p. 596
  138. ^ Podnieks 2011, p. 597
  139. ^ Podnieks 2011, p. 601
  140. ^ Podnieks 2011, p. 416
  141. ^ Podnieks 2011, p. 602

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