2014 Winter Olympics
Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics official logo
|Host city||Sochi, Russia|
|Motto||"Hot.Cool.Yours." (Russian: Жаркие. Зимние. Твои.)|
35 (qualified)82+/- (estimated)
|Athletes participating||2500+ (estimated)|
|Events||98 in 15 sports|
|Opening ceremony||7 February|
|Closing ceremony||23 February|
|Stadium||Fisht Olympic Stadium|
|2014 Winter Olympics|
The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially the XXII Olympic Winter Games, or the 22nd Winter Olympics, will be celebrated from 7 to 23 February 2014, in Sochi, Russia, with some events held in the resort town of Krasnaya Polyana. Ninety-eight events in fifteen winter sports will be held. Both the Olympic and Paralympic Games are being organized by the Sochi Organizing Committee (SOC).
Sochi was selected as the host city on 4 July 2007 during the 119th IOC Session in Guatemala City, defeating bids from Salzburg, Austria; and Pyeongchang, South Korea. The Sochi Olympics are the first Winter Olympics (and first Olympics altogether) for the Russian Federation, as the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow were in the Soviet Union.
Construction in preparation for the Games involves the building of new venues; and modernizing the telecommunications, power, and transport infrastructure of the area. This will include the construction of a new Olympic Park by the Black Sea coast in the Imeretin Valley, with venues clustered around a central area. The venues in Krasnaya Polyana will also be new.
Bid and preparations 
The city was elected on 4 July 2007, during the 119th International Olympic Committee (IOC) Session in Guatemala City, Guatemala. This will be the first time that the Russian Federation will host the Winter Olympics; the Soviet Union hosted the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow.
|2014 Winter Olympics bidding results|
|City||NOC Name||Round 1||Round 2|
|This section's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (February 2013)|
from 2006 until 2014
|Year||Billions of rubles|
According to Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Organizing Committee President and CEO Dmitry Chernyshenko, the successful partnership and commercial programs allowed the use of funds generated by Sochi 2014 for the 2009–2010 development period, postponing the need for the state funds guaranteed by the Russian Government. He confirmed that the Organizing Committee successfully generated more than $500 million through the marketing program in the first five months of 2009.
Russia provides nearly 327 billion rubles (approximately US$10.85 billion) for the total development, expansion and hosting of the Games. 192.4 billion coming from the federal budget and 7.1 billion from the Krasnodar Krai budget and from the Sochi budget. The organisers expect to have a surplus of US$300 million when the Games conclude.
Financing from non-budget sources (including private investor funds) is distributed as follows:
- Tourist infrastructure – $2.6 billion
- Olympic venues – $500 million
- Transport infrastructure – $270 million
- Power supply infrastructure – $100 million
Sochi Olympic Park (Coastal Cluster) 
The Sochi Olympic Park will be built by the Black Sea coast in the Imeretin Valley. All the venues are new. The venues will be clustered around a central water basin on which the Medals Plaza will be built. This will provide a great compactness of the concept with the Olympic Stadium and all indoor venues of the Olympics gathered within walking distance.
- Bolshoy Ice Dome – ice hockey (final), 12,000 spectators
- Shayba Arena – ice hockey, 7,000 spectators
- Adler Arena Skating Center – speed skating, 8,000 spectators
- Iceberg Skating Palace – figure skating, short track speed skating, 12,000 spectators
- Ice Cube Curling Center – curling, 3,000 spectators
- Fisht Olympic Stadium – ceremonies (opening/closing) 40,000 spectators
- Main Olympic village
- International broadcasting centre and main press-room
Tentative post-Olympic usage 
After the Olympics, a Formula One street circuit is planned for the site. The deal to hold the Russian Grand Prix was signed on 14 October 2010, and runs from 2014 to 2020. The first race will take place after the Closing Ceremony of the Games, but the IOC has announced that the race will be delayed until 2015 if construction of the circuit interferes with preparations for the 2014 Olympics.
Krasnaya Polyana (Mountain Cluster) 
- Biathlon & Ski Complex – Biathlon, Cross-country skiing and Nordic combined (cross-country skiing)
- Freestyle Center and Snowboard Park – Freestyle skiing and Snowboarding
- Rosa Khutor Alpine Resort – Alpine skiing
- Sliding Center Sanki – Bobsleigh, Luge and Skeleton
- RusSki Gorki Jumping Center – Ski jumping and Nordic combined (ski jumping)
- Rosa Khutor Plateau Olympic Village
Sochi 2014 will be the 12th straight Olympics to outlaw smoking. This means that all Sochi venues, Olympic Park bars and restaurants and public areas will be smoke-free during the Games.
Along with 2008 Russian presidential election, on 2 March 2008 there was an unofficial referendum held in Sochi to elect the mascot for the 2014 Winter Olympics. 270,000 voters along with their ballots received a coupon with four mascot candidates: Ded Moroz, a snowflake, a polar bear and a dolphin. According to a representative of Sochi city administration, the majority of Sochians voted for the dolphin. However, representatives of the Sochi Organizing Committee for the Games, which is to officially elect a logo and a mascot, commented that while respecting the opinion of Sochians, such a procedure is usually held later. They also pointed out, that the final version of the mascot should be a consensus of opinions of all citizens of the country and the result of work by professional designers and market analysts.
On 1 December 2009 the official 2014 Winter Olympic logo was released. International Olympic Committee President, Jacques Rogge, said of the logo: "It's very appealing. It's very creative, innovative. I think it will appeal especially to the young population."
There has been controversy over the announced mascots. The frog Zoich, which won the official online vote was inexplicably excluded by officials from the second round of voting. The ultimately selected mascots: a polar bear, snow hare, and snowboarding leopard (said to be Vladimir Putin's favorite) found only timid popular support.
Sochi 2014 is the only Olympic emblem to include a web address. The mirror of "Sochi" and "2014" 'reflects' that Sochi is a meeting point between sea and mountains. As the main component of the Sochi 2014 emblem, the Olympic rings sit large and in color to show that this is a symbol of progress for the Olympic Movement. The change of colours and inner design of the rest of the emblem encourages people to express themselves, with some expected to transform it using traditional images, while others will take an ultra-modern approach.
On 26 February 2011, at 11.20 pm (GMT+3) the final results of the public vote during the live television show "Talismaniya Sochi 2014 – The Final” were announced on the first Channel. The election council made the decision that the top-three characters with the maximum number of votes would all become the Olympic Winter Games mascots:
- the Polar Bear (by Oleg Serdechniy, Sochi),
- the European Hare (by Silviya Petrova, Chuvashia)
- the Amur Leopard (by Vadim Pak, Nakhodka)
Commenting on the results of the live vote, Dmitry Chernyshenko, President and CEO of the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, said:
«Today, the Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games have adopted its own symbols and, for the first time in the history of the Olympic Movement, the whole country was involved in choosing the mascots. There are three mascots for the Olympic Winter Games, representing the three places on the Olympic podium. All top-three characters according to the Olympic system will become the Olympic Winter Games mascots. The mascots are the choice of the whole our country and will remain in the history of the Olympic movement».
The Olympic infrastructure is being constructed according to a Federal Target Program (FTP). In June 2009 the Games' organisers reported they are one year ahead in building the main Olympic facilities as compared to recent Olympic Games. In November 2011 IOC President Jacques Rogge was in Sochi and concluded that the city has made significant progress since he last visited eighteen months earlier.
According to the FTP, US$580 million will be spent on construction and modernization of telecommunications in the region. Avaya Inc, a global provider of business collaboration and communications solutions, has been named by the Sochi 2014 Organising Committee as the official supplier of telecom equipment for the 2014 Olympic Games. Avaya will be a part of the overall Games technology solutions group. Avaya will provide network, collaboration and communications equipment and work with other technology partners to provide athletes, dignitaries and fans worldwide a full communications experience around the Olympic Games.
Expected to be built:
- A network of TETRA mobile radio communications for 100 user groups (with capacity of 10 thousand subscribers)
- 700 km (430 mi) of fiber-optic cables along the Anapa-Dzhubga-Sochi highways and Dzhubga-Krasnodar branch
- Digital broadcasting infrastructure, including radio and TV broadcasting stations (building and communications tower) with coverage from Grushevaya Polyana (Pear Glade) to Sochi and Anapa cities. The project also includes construction of infocommunications centre for broadcasting abroad via three HDTV satellites
Power infrastructure 
A five-year strategy for increasing power supply in the Sochi region was presented by Russian energy experts during a seminar on 29 May 2009, held by the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, and attended by International Olympic Committee (IOC) experts and officials from the Russian Ministry of Regional Development, the Russian Ministry of Energy, the State Corporation Olimpstroy and the Krasnodar Krai administration.
The event was a part of the Olympic Games Knowledge Management (OGKM) program by the IOC.
According to the strategy, the capacity of the regional energy network will increase by two and a half times by 2014, guaranteeing stable power supply during and after the Games.
Power demand of Sochi in the end of May 2009 was 424 MW. Power demand of the Olympic infrastructure is expected to be about 340 MW.
- Poselkovaya electrical substation became operational in early 2009
- Sochi thermal power station is being reconstructed (expected power output is 160 MW)
- Laura and Rosa Khutor electrical substations were completed in November 2010
- Mzymta electrical substation was completed in March 2011
- Krasnopolyanskaya hydroelectric power station was completed in 2010
- Adler CHP station design and construction was completed in 2012. Expected power output is 360 MW
- Bytkha substation, under construction with two transformers 25 MW each, includes dependable microprocessor-based protection
Earlier plans also include building combined cycle (steam and gas) power stations near the cities of Tuapse and Novorossiysk and construction of a cable-wire powerline, partially on the floor of the Black Sea.
The transportation infrastructure being prepared to support the Olympics includes many roads, tunnels, bridges, interchanges, railroads and stations in and around Sochi.
The existing 102 km (63 mi) Tuapse to Adler railroad would be renovated to provide double track throughout, increasing capacity and enabling a reliable regional service to be provided and extending to the airport. In December 2009 Russian Railways ordered 38 Siemens Mobility Desiro trains for delivery in 2013 for use during the Olympics, with an option for a further 16 which would be partly built in Russia.
At the Sochi airport, a new terminal has been built along a 3.5 km (2.2 mi) runway extension, possibly overlapping Mzymta river. Backup airports will be built in Gelendzhik, Mineralnye Vody and Krasnodar by 2009.
At the Sochi sea port, a new offshore terminal 1.5 km (0.93 mi) from the shore allows docking for cruise ships with capacities of 3000 passengers. The cargo terminal of the sea port is to be moved from the Sochi centre.
Road ways will be detoured, some going around the construction site and others being cut off.
In May 2009 Russian Railways started the construction of tunnel complex No.1 (the final total is six) on the combined road (automobile and railway) from Adler to Alpica Service Mountain Resort in Krasnaya Polyana region. The tunnel complex No.1 is located near Akhshtyr settlement in Adlersky City District, and includes:
- Escape tunnel, 2.25 km, completed in 2010
- Road tunnel, 2153 m, to be completed in Q1 2013
- One-track railway tunnel, 2473 m, to be completed in Q2 2013
Other infrastructure 
Federation Island will be built in the sea near the Lesser Akhun subdistrict of Khostinsky City District. The island will be shaped like the Russian Federation. It will hold hotels and offices.
Significant funds are being spent on construction of an advanced sewage treatment system in Sochi, designed by Olimpstroy. The system meets BREF standards and employs top available technologies for environment protection, including tertiary treatment with microfiltration.
The Games 
Torch Relay 
The torch relay will start at Moscow on October 7, 2013 before passing 83 Russian cities and arriving at Sochi on the day of the opening ceremony, February 7, 2014.
Participating National Olympic Committees 
So far 34 nations have qualified at least one athlete.
|Participating National Olympic Committees|
Fifteen winter sport disciplines, organized as seven olympic sports, were included in the 2014 Winter Olympics. The three skating sports disciplines were: figure skating, speed skating, and short track speed skating. The six skiing sport disciplines were: alpine, cross-country skiing, freestyle, Nordic combined, ski jumping and snowboarding. The two bobsleigh sports disciplines are: bobsleigh and skeleton. The other four sports were: biathlon, curling, hockey, and luge. A total of twelve new events will be contested to make it the largest Winter Olympics to date.
Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sports discipline
On 6 April 2011, the IOC accepted a number of events that were submitted by their respective sports federations to be considered for inclusion into the official program of these Olympic Games. The events include:
Other events that were also considered to be included had their decision postponed for further study, however on 4 July 2011 the IOC announced that these events would be added to the program. These events were officially declared by Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge on 5 July 2011.
Team alpine skiing was presented as a candidate for inclusion in the Olympic program but the Executive board of the IOC rejected this proposal. The International Ski Federation persisted with the nomination and this was considered. There were reports of Bandy potentially being added to the sports program, but the IOC rejected this request. Subsequently, the international governing body, Federation of International Bandy, decided to have Sochi host the 2014 Bandy World Championships during the Olympics.
On 28 November 2006, the Executive Board of the IOC decided not to include the following sports in the review process of the program.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Event finals||EG||Exhibition gala||CC||Closing ceremony|
|Cross country skiing||1||1||2||1||1||1||1||2||1||1||12|
|Short track speed skating||1||1||2||1||3||8|
Concerns and controversies 
There have been controversies and concerns affecting the upcoming Winter Olympics. The major disputes are with Circassians, environmental and economic issues, lack of political stability and governance.
Broadcasting rights 
- ^1 – ATV will only broadcast the opening and closing ceremonies.
- ^2 – Rights in each country to be resold to local broadcasters (except France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Ireland and the United Kingdom).
- ^3 – Rights in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela, except Brazil.
See also 
- "Sochi 2014 Reveals its Slogan". Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games Organizing Committee. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
- Pinsent, Matthew (15 October 2011). "Sochi 2014: A look at Russia's Olympic city". BBC News. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- "2014 Winter Olympic Games bids". GamesBids. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
- Sochi Elected as Host City of XXII Olympic Winter Games International Olympic Committee, 4 July 2007
- GamesBids.com Past Olympic Games Bids Results
- Interfax[dead link]
- Sochi 2014 Confirms Ability to Self-finance in 2009–10 Sochi 2014, 2 June 2009
- Sochi 2014 Expects $300 Million Surplus GamesBids.com, 14 October 2011
- Experts analyzed which industries are most interested in Sochi Olympics Rosbalt.biz, 6 July 2007 (Russian)
- Vancouver Olympics: Embarrassed Russia looks to 2014 Sochi Olympics The Christian Science Monitor, 1 March 2010
- Sochi's mixed feelings over Olympics BBC News, 26 November 2008
- Russian Deputy PM leads Sochi delegation to inspect Munich Olympic Park Inside the Games, 22 May 2010
- «Fisht» Olympic Stadium Sochi 2014; Accessed 31 December 2010
- Korsunskaya, Darya; Gennady Fydorov, Alan Baldwin (14 October 2010). "Sochi to host Russian GP from 2014–2020". Reuters. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "IOC threatens to postpone Russian Grand Prix". GP Update. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- Rio Golf Course; Women's World Cup; IOC Nominee for Japan? – No Smoking in Sochi Around the Rings, 14 July 2011
- Sochi People Want a Dolphin to Become the Mascot of the Games RIA Novosti (Russian)
- 2014 Winter Olympics Mascot Should Appear Not Earlier Than 2011 RIA Novosti (Russian)
- Unique Digital Olympic Emblem Revealed by Sochi 2014 for Russia’s First Winter Games Sochi 2014 Olympic Committee 1 December 2009
- Medvedev tries on first Sochi 2014 T-shirt RT, 2 December 2009
- Five Mascots Selected for Sochi 2014 Sochi2014.com, 26 February 2011
- Russia prepares for Olympic Games 2014 faster than scheduled ITAR-TASS, 27 June 2009
- IOC Head Praises Sochi 2014 GamesBids.com, 24 November 2011
- Сочи-2014 выходит на связь Открытые системы, 2007 (Russian)
- Fiber-optic communications in Olympic Sochi Mayak Radio, 28 March 2008 (Russian)[dead link]
- Games 2014 Will Double Sochi Power Supply Sochi 2014, 29 May 2009
- Gazprom launches construction of Adler CHPS Gazprom, 28 September 2009
- The power capacities of the Sochi region will increase before the Olympics by a factor of four RBC, 6 July 2007 (Russian)
- Sochi opens new rail line for 2014 Winter Olympics Inside the Games, 17 February 2012
- Siemens signs Russian Olympic train order Railway Gazette International, 1 January 2010
- Expensive road to the Olympics Gudok, 22 August 2007 (Russian)
- Runway in Sochi airport will cross the river YuGA.ru, 8 July 2007 (Russian)
- Russia to build 3 reserve airports in country's south by 2009 RIA Novosti, 7 July 2007
- Offshore terminal will be built at the Sochi sea port KM.ru, 7 July 2007 (Russian)
- Sochi authorities close the entrance to the city DP.RU, 8 October 2007 (Russian)
- Russian Railways started mountain tunnel complex construction from Sochi to Krasnaya Polyana Interfax, 27 May 2009 (Russian)
- "Russian Railways President Yakunin sums up investment programme for first 7 months of 2011". Russian Railways. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
- Sochi is not a place for recreation Gazeta.ru, 5 July 2007 (Russian)
- Construction of the first olympic hotel starts in Sochi RIA Novosti, 7 August 2007 (Russian)
- Russia will get new lands before the Olympics DP.RU, 18 September 2007 (Russian)
- Arabians will own 70% of the island in Sochi DP.RU, 24 September 2007 (Russian)
- Minister of Natural Resources held a meeting on design and construction of sewage treatment facilities in preparation for 2014 Olympics in Sochi Press Service of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russian Federation, 13 July 2009 (Russian)
- "Pakistani skiers qualify for Olympic winter games-2014". Global Post. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "Rogge announces three new disciplines for Sochi 2014". Russia Today. TV-Novosti. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- Women's ski jumping gets 2014 Sochi Olympics go-ahead BBC Sport, 6 April 2011
- Slopestyle given Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics go-ahead BBC Sport, 5 July 2011
- "FIS Congress 2010 Decisions". FIS-Ski. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- "Russian ice hockey will be skating in Sochi". Infox.ru. AktivMedia. 7 June 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- It's Not Hockey, It's Bandy NYTimes.com, 29 January 2010
- No time to relax! The show must go on...again! Eastbourne Herald, 9 March 2010
- ЧМ по хоккею с мячом 2014 года пройдет в Сочи, во время ОИ gazeta.ru, 23 January 2009 (Russian)
- "Olympic Programme Updates". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. 28 November 2006. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2008.
- "No Olympics for Ski Mountaineering". The Mountain World. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "No inclusion of ski orienteering in the IOC review process for 2014". International Orienteering Federation. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "Austria's ORF, ATV get 2014, '16 Olympic TV rights". Taiwan News. 16 August 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Long, Michael (13 May 2013). "Report: Ten Network snaps up cut-price Sochi rights". SportsPro. Retrieved 13 May 2013.
- Love, Tom (19 January 2012). "Sportfive agrees Olympic deals in Azerbaijan". SportsPro. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
- "IOC reaches agreement for 2014 & 2016 broadcast rights in Brazil". Olympic.org. 7 August 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Long, Michael (15 May 2012). "Sportfive awards 2014 and 2016 Olympic rights to VRT". SportsPro. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
- "Sportsnet to air 200 hours of Sochi Games". Sportsnet. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "CBC/Radio Canada welcomes partners in 2014 Sochi Olympics coverage". CBC. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "CBC/Radio-Canada seals agreement with TVA Sports for the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games". Canada Newswire. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "IOC awards 2014 and 2016 Olympic Games broadcast rights in China". Olympic.org (International Olympic Committee). 28 July 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- Love, Tom (11 October 2012). "Olympic media rights sold in the Czech Republic". SportsPro. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- Love, Tom (4 October 2012). "Sportfive awards Danish Olympic rights". SportsPro. Retrieved 2012-10-04.
- Emmett, James (10 July 2012). "Bevy of Baltic deals for Sportfive’s Olympic group". SportsPro. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
- Whittock, Jesse (10 July 2012). "MTG wins more Olympic rights". C21Media. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- "IOC agrees European broadcast rights contract for 2014 and 2016 Olympic Games". Olympic.org (International Olympic Committee). 18 February 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Long, Michael (21 November 2011). "YLE acquires 2014 and 2016 Olympic rights in Finland". SportsPro. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "IOC awards TV rights in Germany, Korea, France". Forbes.com. 5 July 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
- Cushnan, David (23 August 2012). "Sportfive sells Olympic rights in Israel". SportsPro. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "IOC awards broadcast rights in Japan for 2014 and 2016 Olympic Games". Olympic.org (International Olympic Committee). 3 February 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "IOC awards 2014-2016 broadcast rights in Latin America". Olympic.org. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "IOC reaches 2014-2016 broadcast rights agreement with ASBU (IOC)". Sochi.ru. 18 June 2009. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
- Love, Tom (3 May 2012). "NOS acquires Dutch rights to 2014 and 2016 OlympicGames". SportsPro. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "TV2 awarded first Sportfive Olympic rights deal". Sportbusiness.com. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- "SBS wins Olympic TV broadcast rights 2010–2016 for both Koreas". Monsters & Critics. 2 August 2006. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "Igrzyska olimpijskie 2014 i 2016 na żywo tylko w TVP" (in Polish). 14 May 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
- Love, Tom (3 September 2012). "Sportfive concludes Olympic agreement in Russia". SportsPro. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- Love, Tom (10 October 2012). "Sportfive sells Slovakian Olympic rights". SportsPro. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- Emmett, James (13 July 2012). "Sportfive seals Slovenian Olympic deal". SportsPro. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- "IOC awards 2014 & 2016 broadcast rights in Spain". Olympic.org (International Olympic Committee). 4 September 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "Klart: SVT tappar OS". Sportbladet.se. 17 June 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
- Connolly, Eoin (2 November 2011). "SRG SSR get Swiss rights to Sochi and Rio Games". SportsPro. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- "IOC awards broadcast rights in United Kingdom for 2014, 2016, 2018 and 2020 Olympic Games to the BBC". Olympic.org (International Olympic Committee). 18 July 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "IOC awards US broadcast rights for 2014, 2016, 2018 and 2020 Olympic Games to NBCUniversal". Olympic.org (International Olympic Committee). 7 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 2014 Winter Olympics|
- Sochi 2014 (Russian)(English)(French)
- Sochi 2014 IOC Page
- International Olympic Committee
- Olimpstroy state corporation
- Galina Masterova Sochi: an Olympic makeover Russia Now, 23 February 2010
- Sochi (Satellite Image) (Latitude: 43.404 Longitude: 39.953)] Google Maps
- English-Russian translating & explanatory Glossary of Olympic and Paralympic winter sports This is the first attempt of the modern winter sports vocabulary synthesizing. It has been prepared by the Organizing Committee 'Sochi 2014' Language Services Department.
XXII Olympic Winter Games (2014)