List of Presidents of Ukraine

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President of Ukraine
Flag of the President of Ukraine.svg
Incumbent
Petro Poroshenko

since 7 June 2014
Residence Mariyinsky Palace
Appointer Popular election
Term length Five years, renewable once
Constituting instrument Constitution of Ukraine
Inaugural holder Leonid Kravchuk,
5 December 1991[a]
Formation Law "On the President of the Ukrainian SSR," 5 July 1991[b][1]
Succession Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada
Website president.gov.ua

The modern Ukrainian presidency was formed when the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic passed a law on 5 July 1991 establishing the office of the "President of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic."[1] Upon the proclamation of Ukrainian independence from the Soviet Union on 24 August 1991, the title was changed to the "President of Ukraine." The first election of the President of Ukraine was contested on 1 December 1991, which was won by Leonid Kravchuk.

All five presidents have been people's deputies of the Verkhovna Rada prior to their election. Kravchuk was the first president to have resigned from the office, following a power struggle between him and Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma. After the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, Viktor Yanukovych abandoned his office and fled the country. He was subsequently impeached, and replaced with Oleksandr Turchynov as the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada, who takes on as acting president when the office is vacant. Early presidential elections were contested on 25 May 2014, which were won by Petro Poroshenko; Poroshenko was inaugurated as the fifth president on 7 June 2014.

List[edit]

Party legend

      Independent       Our Ukraine       Party of Regions       Fatherland       Petro Poroshenko Bloc

# Portrait Name Term of office / Mandates Cabinets Notes Political alliance
1
Leonid Kravchuk.jpg
Leonid Kravchuk[2]
Леонід Кравчук
(1934– )

Leonid Kravchuk Signature 1991.png
5 December
1991[a]
19 July
1994
Fokin (1990-92) Resigned from office Independent

1991 – 61.59%, 19,643,481[3]
Kuchma (1992-93)
2
Kuchmaukraine.jpg
Leonid Kuchma[4]
Леонід Кучма
(1938– )

Leonid Kuchma Signature 1996.png
19 July
1994[5]
23 January
2005
Masol II (1994-95)
Marchuk (1995-96)
Lazarenko (1996-97)
Pustovoitenko (1997-99)
Yushchenko (1999-2001)
Kinakh (2001-02)
Yanukovych I (2002-04)
Opted out of third term in office[6] Independent[7]
1994 – 52.15%, 14,016,850[8]
1999 – 56.25%, 15,870,722[9]
3
Wiktor Juschtschenko, Präsident der Ukraine, in der Universität Zürich.jpg
Viktor Yushchenko[10]
Віктор Ющенко
(1954– )

Viktor Yushchenko's signature.svg
23 January
2005
25 February
2010
Tymoshenko I (2005) Lost re-election campaign[11] Our Ukraine[12]
2004 – 51.99%, 15,115,712[13] Yekhanurov (2005-06)
Yanukovych II (2006-07)
Tymoshenko II (2007-10)
4
Viktor Yanukovych Greece 2011 (cropped).jpg
Viktor Yanukovych[14]
Віктор Янукович
(1950– )

Viktor Yanukovych signature.svg
25 February
2010
22 February
2014
Azarov I (2010-12) Removed from office following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution[15] Party of Regions[16]

2010 – 48.95%, 12,481,266[17]
Azarov II (2012-14)
Oleksandr Turchynov March 2014 (cropped 3).jpg
Oleksandr Turchynov[18]
Олександр Турчинов
(1964– )

Oleksandr Turchynov Signature 2014.png
23 February
2014
7 June
2014
Yatsenyuk I (2014)[19] Assumed command of the armed forces on 26 February[20] Fatherland[21]
ex officio as
Chairman of Verkhovna Rada[c]
(288–yes, 0–no, 5–ab.)[22][23]
5
Petro Porochenko au Conseil de l’Europe Strasbourg 26 juin 2014 04.jpg
Petro Poroshenko[24]
Петро Порошенко
(1965– )

Petro Poroshenko Signature 2014.png
7 June
2014
Incumbent Won election in first round Petro Poroshenko Bloc

2014 – 54.70%, 9,857,308[25]
Yatsenyuk II (2014–present)

Timeline[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

a.^ Although Leonid Kravchuk's official inauguration ceremony was conducted on 22 August 1992, he carried out most of the presidential responsibilities temporarily ceded to him as Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada from 24 August 1991[26] until 5 December 1991 when he became President of Ukraine in his own right.

b.^ As President of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

c.^ "In the event of the pre-term termination of authority of the President of Ukraine in accordance with Articles 108, 109, 110 and 111 of this Constitution, the execution of duties of the President of Ukraine, for the period pending the elections and the assumption of office of the new President of Ukraine, shall be vested in the Chairperson of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine." —Constitution of Ukraine, Article 112.

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 1295-XII: On the President of the Ukrainian SSR (Про Президента Української РСР). Adopted on 5 July 1991. (Ukrainian)
  2. ^ "Leonid Kravchuk". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  3. ^ Kireev, Alex. "Ukraine. Presidential elections of 1991". Electoral Geography 2.0 (in Russian). Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "Leonid Kuchma". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 106/94-ВР: On the date of oath of the President of Ukraine (Про дату принесення присяги Президентом України). Adopted on 14 July 1994. (Ukrainian)
  6. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Constitutional Court of Ukraine decision No. 22-рп/2003: Decision of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine regarding the case of the constitutional petition of 53 and 47 People's Deputies of Ukraine concerning the official interpretation of the provisions of Article 103 of the Constitution of Ukraine (right on the timing of tenure of the President of Ukraine (Рішення Конституційного Суду України у справі за конституційними поданнями 53 і 47 народних депутатів України про офіційне тлумачення положення частини третьої статті 103 Конституції України (справа щодо строків перебування на посту Президента України)). Adopted on 25 December 2003. (Ukrainian)
  7. ^ "Kuchma Leonid Danylovych". Election of President 99 (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  8. ^ Popescu, Marina (12 December 2002). "1994 Presidential Elections". Project on Political Transformation and the Electoral Process in Post-Communist Europe. University of Essex. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  9. ^ Carr, Adam. "Presidential election of October/November 1999". Psephos: Adam Carr's Electoral Archive. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Victor Yushchenko". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Yushchenko loses re-election bid". The Washington Times. 28 January 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "History of "Our Ukraine"". Informational server "Our Ukraine" (in Ukrainian). Our Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  13. ^ Carr, Adam. "Presidential election of October - November 2004". Psephos: Adam Carr's Electoral Archive. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  14. ^ "The History of Presidency". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  15. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 757-VII: On withdrawal of the President of Ukraine from the implementation of constitutional powers and calling early presidential elections in Ukraine (Про самоусунення Президента України від виконання конституційних повноважень та призначення позачергових виборів Президента України). Adopted on 22 February 2014. (Ukrainian)
  16. ^ "Yanukovych Viktor Fedorovych". Elections of the President of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  17. ^ Carr, Adam. "Presidential election of January - February 2010". Psephos: Adam Carr's Electoral Archive. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  18. ^ "Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president". BBC News. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  19. ^ "Government of Ukraine". Web-portal of Ukrainian Government. Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  20. ^ Laws of Ukraine. President of Ukraine decree No. 140/2014: On the assumption of responsibilities of Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (Про прийняття обов'язків Верховного Головнокомандувача Збройних Сил України). Adopted on 26 February 2014. (Ukrainian)
  21. ^ "Oleksandr Turchynov" (in Ukrainian). Batkivshchyna. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  22. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 748-VII: On the Chairman of the Verhkvona Rada of Ukraine (Про Голову Верховної Ради України). Adopted on 22 February 2014. (Ukrainian)
  23. ^ "Draft Resolution of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Turchynov O.V.)". Official portal of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  24. ^ "Petro Poroshenko". Official web-site of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  25. ^ Carr, Adam. "Presidential election of 25 May 2013". Psephos: Adam Carr's Electoral Archive. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  26. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Vekhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 1430-XII: On granting additional powers to the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Про надання додаткових повноважень Голові Верховної Ради України). Adopted on 24 August 1991. (Ukrainian)

External links[edit]