Yevhen Marchuk

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Yevhen Marchuk
Євген Кирилович Марчук
Yevhen Marchuk.jpg
Yevhen Marchuk in August 2004
4th Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
June 8, 1995 – May 27, 1996
President Leonid Kuchma
Preceded by Vitaliy Masol
Succeeded by Pavlo Lazarenko
3d Acting Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
1 March – 8 June 1995
State Minister of Defense, State Security, and Emergencies
In office
1990–1991
Prime Minister Vitold Fokin
1st Chief of Security Service of Ukraine
In office
November 1991 – July 1994
President Leonid Kravchuk
Preceded by Mykola Holushko (as KGB)
Succeeded by Valeriy Malikov
First Vice-Premier
In office
1994 – June 8, 1995
Prime Minister Vitaliy Masol
Preceded by Yukhym Zvyahilsky
Succeeded by Viktor Pynzenyk
People's Deputy of Ukraine
In office
December 1995 – May 1998
Constituency Poltava Oblast
In office
May 1998 – March 2000
2nd Secretary of National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine
In office
November 1999 – June 2003
President Leonid Kuchma
Preceded by Volodymyr Horbulin
Succeeded by Volodymyr Radchenko
Minister of Defence of Ukraine
In office
June 2003 – September 2004
Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych
Preceded by Volodymyr Shkidchenko
Succeeded by Oleksandr Kuzmuk
Personal details
Born (1941-01-28) 28 January 1941 (age 73)
Nationality Ukrainian
Other political
affiliations
Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) (1995–2000)
Spouse(s) Larysa Ivanyshyn
Children Taras, Vadym
Alma mater Kirovohrad Pedagogical Institute

(Gen. Ret.) Yevhen K. Marchuk (Ukrainian: Євген Кирилович Марчук), born on January 28, 1941, is a Ukrainian statesman and politician. During his career, Marchuk was prime minister of Ukraine, presidential candidate, secretary of the National Security and Defense Council, and Defense Minister of Ukraine. Marchuk is affiliated with the Ukrainian Den newspaper, edited by his wife. He has been a general in the Army of Ukraine since March 23, 1994.

Biography[edit]

Yevhen Marchuk was born soon before World War II into a peasant family in Central Ukraine. In 1963,[1] upon graduation from the Kirovohrad Pedagogical Institute, Marchuk was recruited by the KGB and steadily rose through the ranks of that organization. As an operative officer he served first in Kirovohrad Oblast, then in the republican KGB branch in Kiev as an intelligence and secret service officer, for a total of 31 years of service. Marchuk has admitted specializing in secret police functions. However, he claims to have been a humane lawful agent, secretly protecting some Ukrainian dissidents from harsh persecution.[citation needed]

In the early 1990s, Marchuk was one of the first high-level KGB officers who appeared to be loyal to the newly established Ukrainian independence and was one of the reformers of the Ukrainian Secret Service (later SBU) serving as the first Chief of SBU. At first he was appointed the Ukrainian SSR Minister of National Security and Defence. That position held no actual power since local KGB, militsiya, and the army were still subordinated to Moscow until 1991. The Soviet Union then collapsed, ending Marchuk’s service to the KGB, and he was able to participate fully in the Ukrainian independent government. He headed the SBU until 1994.[1]

After the 1994 parliamentary elections, Marchuk became head of the liberal Social Market Choice faction, whose members included former President Kravchuk.[2] Marchuk was appointed the acting Prime minister of Ukraine on March 1, 1995, holding the position of the first vice-Premier Minister in the cabinet of Vitaliy Masol. He was later promoted to the position of the Premier Minister on June 8, 1995. He formed his cabinet, which was confirmed on July 3, 1995. After being elected to the Verkhovna Rada (December 1995), he resigned on May 27, 1996. Marchuk and Kravchuk became members of the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) before the 1998 elections.[3] From April to December 1998 he was the leader of the party. From July 1998 Marchuk headed a parliamentary committee in Social Policy and Labor.

When the SDPU(u) refused to back Marchuk in the 1999 presidential elections, he left to create his own Social Democratic Union.[2] He ran as an independent in the 1999 presidential election, coming in fifth place with 8.13% of the vote in the first tour of the elections, and was appointed secretary of the National Security and Defense Council by the re-elected President Leonid Kuchma. Marchuk was secretary of the National Security and Defense Council from November 10, 1999, to June 25, 2003 (till June 2009 he stayed on as chairperson of the council's interagency commission on information policy).[4] Later, he was the Defense Minister of Ukraine from June 2003 to September 2004.[1]

During the 2006 parliamentary elections Marchuk lead the electoral alliance (Electoral Bloc "Yevhen Marchuk" — "Unity")[5] (including his own party, Party of Freedom) which didn't make it into parliament, winning only 0.06% of the votes.[6]

Controversy[edit]

On December 6, 2001, the Italian prosecutor's office accused Marchuk of violating the UN embargo on supplying arms to various parts of the world. The accusations remained, never investigated nor prosecuted.

Recent career developments[edit]

In May 2008, Marchuk was appointed one of the personal advisors to President Yushchenko.[7]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Vitaliy Masol
Prime Minister of Ukraine
1995—1996
Succeeded by
Pavlo Lazarenko
Preceded by
Volodymyr Shkidchenko
Minister of Defense
2004—2005
Succeeded by
Oleksandr Kuzmuk
Preceded by
Mykola Holushko
Director of the Security Service
1991—1994
Succeeded by
Valeriy Malikov