List of amphibians of India

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This is an index to the amphibians found in India. The amphibians of India show a high level of endemism.[1] This list is based largely on Frost (2006)[2] and includes common names from older books and journals.[3][4][5]

Some Indian frogs

Order Anura[edit]

Family Bufonidae[edit]

Family Ceratobatrachidae[edit]

  • Ingerana charlesdarwini (Das, 1998) =Rana charlesdarwini

Family Dicroglossidae[edit]

Dicroglossinae[edit]

Occidozyginae[edit]

Family Hylidae[edit]

Family Megophryidae[edit]

Family Micrixalidae[edit]

Family Microhylidae[edit]

Family Nyctibatrachidae[edit]

Family Petropedetidae[edit]

Family Ranidae[edit]

Family Rhacophoridae[edit]

Family Sooglossidae[edit]

Order Gymnophiona[edit]

The list of Indian caecilians is based on Giri & Gaikwad (2013) (duly amended):[12]

Family Caeciliidae[edit]

Gegeneophis spp.


Indotyphlus spp.

Family Chikilidae[edit]

Family Ichthyophiidae[edit]

Ichthyophis sp. from the Western Ghats
Ichthyophis spp.[17]


Uraeotyphlus spp.

Order Urodela[edit]

Tylototriton verrucosus

Family Salamandridae[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniels, R. J. R. (2001) Endemic fishes of the Western Ghats and the Satpura hypothesis. Current Science 81(3):240-244 PDF
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. 2006. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 4 (17 August 2006). Electronic Database accessible at [1]. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.
  3. ^ R. J. Ranjit Daniels (2005) Amphibians of Peninsular India. Universities Press.
  4. ^ Shyamal Kumar Chanda, Indraneil Das and Alain Dubois (2000) Catalogue of amphibian types in the collection of the Zoological Survey of India. Hamadryad 25(2):100–128 PDF
  5. ^ Sclater, WL (1892) List of the Batrachia in the Indian museum. scan
  6. ^ Biju, S. D. et al. (2007) A new nightfrog Nyctibatrachus minimus sp. nov. (Anura: Nyctibatrachidae): The smallest frog from India. Current Science Vol. 93, No. 6: 854-858
  7. ^ Radhakrishnan, C. , K.P. Dinesh & M. S. Ravichandran (2007) A new species of Nyctibatrachus Boulenger (Amphibia: Anura: Nyctibatrachidae) from the Eravikulam National Park, Kerala, India. Zootaxa 1595: 31–41 PDF
  8. ^ Dinesh, KP, Radhakrishnan C & Gopalakrishna Bhatta (2008) A new species of Nyctibatrachus Boulenger (Amphibia: Anura: Nyctibatrachidae) from the surroundings of Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, India, Zootaxa 1914: 45–56
  9. ^ S.D. Biju, Kim Roelants, Franky Bossuyt (2008) Phylogenetic position of the montane treefrog Polypedates variabilis Jerdon, 1853 (Anura:Rhacophoridae),and description of a related species. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 8:267–276
  10. ^ Gururaja, KV and Aravind, NA and Ali, S and Ramachandra, TV and Velavan, TP and Krishnakumar, V and Aggarwal, RK (2007) A New Frog Species from the Central Western Ghats of India,and Its Phylogenetic Position. Zoological Science 24:pp. 525-534. Text
  11. ^ Gururaja, KV and Dinesh, KP and Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C and Ramachandra, TV (2007) A new species of Philautus Gistel (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from southern Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 1621:pp. 1-16. PDF
  12. ^ Giri, V.B. & Gaikwad, K.S. (2013). Towards the conservation of caecilian amphibians of the northern Western Ghats – establishing the systematic foundation. Mumbai: Bombay Natural History Society. p. 53. 
  13. ^ Gopalakrishna Bhatta & R. Srinivasa (2004) A new species of Gegeneophis Peters (Amphibia: Gymnophiona:Caeciliidae) from the surroundings of Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka, India. Zootaxa 644: 1–8 PDF
  14. ^ Gopalakrishna Bhatta and P. Prashanth (2004) Gegeneophis nadkarnii – a caecilian (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) from Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary,Western Ghats Current Science, 87(3):10 PDF
  15. ^ Kamei, R. G.; Mauro, D. S.; Gower, D. J.; Van Bocxlaer, I.; Sherratt, E.; Thomas, A.; Babu, S.; Bossuyt, F.; Wilkinson, M.; Biju, S. D. (2012-02-22). "Discovery of a new family of amphibians from northeast India with ancient links to Africa". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 279 (1737): 2396–2401. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.0150. ISSN 0962-8452. 
  16. ^ a b c Kamei, R. G.; Gower, D. J.; Wilkinson, M.; Biju, S. D. (2013-06-04). "Systematics of the caecilian family Chikilidae (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) with the description of three new species of Chikila from northeast India". Zootaxa 3666 (4): 401. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3666.4.1. ISSN 1175-5334. 
  17. ^ Three spp of Icthyophis, namely Ichthyophis malabarensis Taylor, 1960, I. peninsularis Taylor, 1960 and I. subterrestris Taylor, 1960, were merged due to lack of phylogenetic deifferentiation vide Gower, D.J.; Dharne, M.; Bhatta, G.; Giri, V.; Vyas, R.; Govindappa, V.; Oommen, O.V.; George, J.; Shouche, Y. & Wilkinson, M. (2007). "Remarkable genetic homogeneity in unstriped, long-tailed Ichthyophis along 1500 km of the Western Ghats, India". Journal of Zoology 272: 266–275. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00266.x. ISSN 0952-8369. 

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