List of surviving Messerschmitt Bf 109s

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
List of surviving Messerschmitt Bf 109s
Bf109 G10 1.jpg
Bf 109G-10 Black 2 + - of the Messerschmitt Museum

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft. It was one of the first true modern fighters of the era, including such features as an all-metal monocoque construction, a closed canopy, and retractable landing gear. The Bf 109 was the most produced fighter aircraft during World War II, with 30,573 examples built during the war, and the most produced fighter aircraft in history, with a total of 33,984 units produced up to April 1945.

Spain had signed licensing agreements with Messerschmitt in 1942 to produce the Bf 109G-2 and had received tooling and jigs in preparation for starting production, as well as 25 uncompleted fuselage and wing assemblies. Due to priority to the Luftwaffe, Messerschmitt was unable to oversee the start-up of the production line. In addition, Hispano Aviación was also unable to acquire the Daimler-Benz DB 605 engines due to wartime shortages. It was not until 1947 that the factory started to produce complete airframes. As a replacement engine comparable to the DB 605A the Hispano-Suiza 12Z-17 was fitted to these aircraft. Aircraft with this engine were designated HA-1109-K1L (65 being produced). In 1954 Hispano Aviación re-engineered the airframe to accept the Rolls-Royce Merlin 500-45 and produced the HA-1112-M1L. Production of the Hispano Aviación HA-1109 and HA-1112 Buchons ended in 1958;[1] however, Spain continued to use the HA-1112 operationally until late 1967.

In 1946 Czechoslovakia restarted the closed Messerschmitt production line at the Avia Company[2] in Prague using the original jigs and tooling along with a substantial number of uncompleted airframes. From 1946 to 1949 about 550 airframes were completed as Avia S-99s, resembling a Bf 109G-14, and Avia S-199s (Jumo engine, otherwise unchanged).[1] Due to a fire in a warehouse a substantial number of DB 605 engines were lost and as a substitute the Junkers Jumo 211 was found in substantial quantity. Unlike either the original DB 605 or the Roll-Royce Merlin, the torque of this substitute engine was extremely high resulting in a high fatality rate from these aircraft.[citation needed] Production ended in 1948, and the Czechoslovak National Security Guard retired the last of the S-199s in 1957.

Post war, in addition to the Spanish and Czechoslovakian Air Forces, both Finland and Switzerland continued to use the Bf 109 operationally until the late 1950s. The then-new nation of Israel purchased 25 Avia S-199s (23 delivered) when, due to being embargoed, it was unable to acquire aircraft from other sources. The Israel Air Force retired its aircraft in early 1949.

Between 1945 & 1948, most Bf 109s were scrapped or destroyed. Some examples were kept for use as war trophies or technical examples for further studies. For the next 23 years, these were the first generation of Bf 109 survivors.

In 1967, the producers of the movie The Battle of Britain wanted a large and accurate group of aircraft for use onscreen. Fortunately, the Spanish Air Force was starting to retire its HA-1112s and an agreement was reached to use these aircraft. The Confederate Air Force had also just purchased numerous examples of the HA-1112. These aircraft were also leased for the production of this movie. For the next 35 years, these Spanish Bf 109s were the mainstay for numerous World War II aviation movies and television work, including Hanover Street, Memphis Belle, The Tuskegee Airmen and Piece of Cake to name but a few.

Starting in late 1988, Bf 109s were among numerous crashed examples of World War II aircraft still extant in Russia that were being recovered for restoration. Other examples of the early models of the Bf 109 have been found in crash sites in France and Italy (as well as several aircraft recovered where they had been buried in Germany). These aircraft with known combat histories are the foundation of the current wave of recovered/restored Bf 109s with further discoveries anticipated.

About twenty of the surviving Bf 109s existent in the 21st century served at one time with the Luftwaffe fighter wing Jagdgeschwader 5, more than with any other Axis military aviation unit of World War II.

Australia[edit]

Bf 109 G-6/U4 in the Australian War Memorial, Canberra
On display
  • Bf 109 G-6/U4 163824 NF + FY; Luftwaffe unit unknown. Held by the Australian War Memorial (AWM), Canberra. The last Bf-109 in the world still displaying its original camouflage and markings: a 1944 day-fighter scheme, with variations resulting from service repairs and replacements (e.g. one wing was replaced). Ex-post-war UK registration of G-SMIT, 163824 has twice been owned by the AWM: according to historian Michael Nelmes, the AWM disposed of it for £100 in 1963, to a member of the Illawarra Flying Club at Bankstown Airport in Sydney. It was later acquired by collector Sid Marshall, who had the aircraft suspended from the ceiling of his personal hangar. In 1979, an Australian owner of 163824 attempted to export it, for a reputed price of $10,000, to a British collector. However, any such export would have been illegal under Australian law and the aircraft was confiscated by Australian Customs and subsequently re-acquired by the AWM. It has been claimed that the seller temporarily covered the Bf-109 in a silver plastic protective film, supposedly in attempt to pass it off as a Mustang.[3]
Under restoration/stored
  • Bf 109 G-2 14798 GJ+QP, ex 8./JG 5 "Black 10"; Wayne Dawson New South Wales.

Austria[edit]

On display
  • Bf 109 G-14 784993 ex-IV./JG 53 "White 13", White 13, Aviaticum Wiener Neustadt.[4]

Belgium[edit]

Airworthy
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 201 C.4K-131 (OO-MAF), movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum", White 1 Sabine, Eric Vormezeele Collection, Brasschaat.[5]
Stored or under restoration

Brazil[edit]

Bf 109 G-2 Yellow 14 in the TAM Museum, Brazil
On display

Canada[edit]

Airworthy
  • Bf 109 E-3 3579 (CF-EML), ex-JG 2 "White 14", ex-Bf 109E-7 4/JG 5 "White 7" - crashed 2 August 1942, White 14, The Russell Group, Ontario.[10][11] As of June 2014 the aircraft was for sale.[12]
On display

Czech Republic[edit]

Avia S-199 with Czechoslovakian markings
Avia CS-199; Letecké muzeum Kbely
On display
  • S-199 199178, UC-25, Aviation Museum - Kbely, Prague.[16][17]
  • CS-199 199565, UC-26, Aviation Museum - Kbely, Prague.[17][18][19]

Finland[edit]

On display
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 E-3 3285, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-4./JG 5 "Black 12", "White 4", "Yellow 2", Finnish AF Museum, Tikkakoski

France[edit]

Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 G-6 26129 ex-RV + IS, ex-II./JG 54 "Black 3", Aéronautique Provençale

Germany[edit]

Bf 109 E-3 790
Bf 109 G-4 19310 White 3 at the Technikmuseum Speyer
D-FWME (red 7)? Force landed in a corn field on August 18th 2013 during an airshow display at Roskilde Airport, Denmark. The pilot was unharmed, and the aircraft sustained minor damage, including a completely broken propeller.,[24][25] a Bf 109 G-4, at RIAT 2010.
Airworthy
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 139 C4K-75 (D-FWME), movie: Battle of Britain "Yellow 11", Red 7 + - , Messerschmitt Air Company. Belly landed in a corn field on August 18, 2013 during an airshow display at Roskilde Airport, Denmark. The pilot was unharmed, and the aircraft sustained only minor damage, including a completely broken propeller., re-engined with DB605.[26][27]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 156 C.4K-87 (D-FMBB), FM+BB , EADS / Messerschmitt Foundation, rebuilt with a DB605 engine.[28]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 235 C.4K-172 (D-FMVS), movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum, <- + - , Cavanaugh Flight Museum, Addison, Texas.[29][30][31] Hangar 10 Air Fighter Collection GmbH
On display
  • Bf 109 E-1 790, ex-J/88/2 (Condor Legion) "6-106", ex-Bf 109 E-3, ex-Spanish AF "C4E-106", <- + - ,[32]/ Deutsches Museum, Munich,[33][34][35][36]
  • Bf 109 E-3 1407, ex-2./JG 77 "Black 2", ex-Bf 109E-4, ex-14/JG 77 "Red 5", Red 5 , Deutsches Technikmuseum, Berlin
  • Bf 109 G-2 trop 14753, ex-1./JG 27 "White 3", White 3 , Luftfahrtmuseum, Hannover-Laatzen[37]
  • Bf 109 G-4 19310, ex-BH + XN, ex-4./JG 52 "White 3" "Nesthäkchen" - crashed 20 March 1943, White 3 , Technikmuseum Speyer.[38][39]
  • HA-1109-K1L C.4J-??, <<< Yellow 4 Luftwaffen Museum, Gatow, rebuilt as Bf 109G-2 with DB605[40]
  • HA-1109-K1L c/n 54 C.4J-??, Messerschmitt Museum, Manching
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 194 C.4K-134, movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum, On limited display at Wittmundhafen AB, marked as Black 12) has been rebuilt with DB 605 engine
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 228 C.4K-170 (N170BG), movie: Battle of Britain "Yellow <", movie: Patton (as P-51B) "743652", Yellow 4 + - , Auto und Technik Museum, Sinsheim, has been rebuilt with DB605 engine.[41][42]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 213 C.4K-1?? (D-FEHD), Black 15 , Messerschmitt Foundation.[43]
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109B/V10a 1010 (D-IAKO), Oberschleißheim, Munich
  • Bf 109 F-2 8993, ex GC + KQ, ex-2./JG 3, ex-Bf 109F-4, ex-JG 54 "White 2", ex-9/III JG 5 "Yellow 3" (pilot Obgfr. Eugen Britz) - crashed 3 April 1943, Yellow 3 [44]
  • Bf 109 G-2 13605, "Yellow 12"
  • Bf 109 G-6 410077 (VH-BFG), ex-RK + FY, ex-IV./JG 54 "<+"
  • Bf 109 G-10 w/n unknown (D-FDME), Black 2 + - , EADS / Messerschmitt Foundation. This aircraft is widely regarded to be an HA-1112-M1L rebuilt as a Bf 109 G-10.

Israel[edit]

S-199 782358 IAFM
On display

Netherlands[edit]

On display
  • Bf 109 G-5 15343, ex-5./JG 53 "Black 11", Black 11 , Aviation Museum at Seppe, Breda.[46]
  • Bf 109 G-6 15678 ex-9./JG 54 "Brown 7"- crashed Jul 1943, fuselage only at the Atlantic Wall Museum

New Zealand[edit]

Under restoration/stored
  • Bf 109 G, sub type and w/n as yet unknown. Believed to have previously been in Australia, it was understood to be imported for a private owner who intends to restore it to airworthy.[47]

Norway[edit]

Stored or under restoration

Poland[edit]

Bf 109 G-6 163306 Red 3 at Fundacja Polskie Orły
On Display
  • Bf 109 G-6 163306, ex-RQ + DR, ex-JGr. West "Red 3" - crashed 28 May 1944, Red 3 , Fundacja Polskie Orły, Warszawa [50][51][52][53][54]
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 E-3 1185, ex-Bf 109 E-6, Lotnictwa Astronautyki Museum, Krakow

Russia[edit]

On display
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf109 F-4/Z 7504, ex-7./JG 3 "White 10 + |" (pilot Fw. Rudolf Berg) - crashed 28 March 1943[56]
  • Bf 109 G-2 13427, ex-9./JG 5 "Yellow 2", Russia (S)

Serbia[edit]

Bf 109 G-2 14792 at the Yugoslavian Aviation Museum
On display
  • Bf 109 G-2 14792, ex-GJ + QJ, ex-Yugoslavian AF 9663 "63", 63 , Yugoslavian Aviation Museum, Belgrade.[57][58][59]

South Africa[edit]

Bf 109 E-3, 1289
Bf 109 F-2 trop White 6 at the South African Museum
On display

Spain[edit]

Hispano Aviación HA-1112-M1L Buchon with the original paint of the Spanish Air Force, preserved in the Museo del Aire, near Cuatro Vientos Airport, Madrid
On display
  • HA-1109-K1L c/n 56 C.4J-10, ex-94 Sq "94-28", 94-28 , Museo del Aire, Madrid[62]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 211 C.4K-148, ex-471 Sq "471-23", 471-23 , Museo del Aire, Madrid.[63]

Switzerland[edit]

On display

United Kingdom[edit]

Bf 109 G-2 trop 10639 Black 6 at the RAF Museum - Hendon
Airworthy
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 67 C.4K-31 (G-AWHE), movie: Battle of Britain "Red 8", Yellow 14 , Spitfire Ltd, Jersey.[68][69][70]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 144 C.4K-162
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 223 C.4K-102 (G-BWUE), movie: Battle of Britain "Red 7", Red 1 , Historic Flying Ltd, Duxford, Cambridgeshire.[71]
On display
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 E-1 Wknr unknown, ex-Spanish AF C4E-88, Robs Lamplough, Hungerford
  • Bf 109 E-1 854, Charleston Aviation Services
  • Bf 109 E-3 1983, ex-5./JG 5 "Red ?", Charleston Aviation Services, Colchester
  • Bf 109 E-3 3523, ex-CS + AJ, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-5/JG 5 "Red 6", Jim Pearce, Sussex
  • Bf 109 E-3 4034 (G-CDTI), ex-1/JG 77, ex-8/JG 53 "Black 5", "Black 6" - crashed 11 February 1940, Rare Aero Ltd, Jersey[82]
  • Bf 109 F-4 7485, ex-9./JG 5 "Black 1" Charleston Aviation Services
  • Bf 109 F-4 8347, ex-6./JG 54 "Yellow 10", Charleston Aviation Services
  • Bf 109 G-2 15458, Charleston Aviation Services
  • Bf 109 G-6 15458, ex-8./JG 1 "Black 10", ex-III/JG 1, CW Tomkins Ltd

United States[edit]

Bf 109 E-3 3579
Bf 109 G-10 610824 Blue 4 at the USAF Museum
Airworthy
  • Bf 109 E-3 1342 (N342FH), ex-6./JG 51 "Yellow 8" (Pilot: Eduard Hemmerling) - crashed: 29 July 1940, Yellow 8 , Flying Heritage Collection, Everett, Washington.[83]
  • Bf 109 G-14 610937 (N109EV), ex-Bf 109 G-10/U-4, ex-Bulgarian AF, Ex-Yugoslavian AF 9664, 172 Group / 83rd SQ "44", Green << ,[84] Evergreen Aviation Museum, McMinnville, Oregon.[85][86][87]
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 234 C.4K-169 (N109W), movie: Battle of Britain "Red 5", <<- + - , Harold Kindsvater, Castle Air Force Base, California
On display
Stored or under restoration
  • Bf 109 E-3 2023, ex-Bf 109E-7, ex-8./JG 5 "Black 9" (pilot Ofw. Walter Sommer) - crashed 27 May 1943, Military Aviation Museum[102] Virginia Beach, Virginia.
  • Bf 109 F-4 8461, ex-5./JG 27, Malcolm Laing.[103]
  • Bf 109 F-4 10144, ex-6./JG 5 "Yellow 7" (pilot Fw. Albert Brunner) - crashed 5 September 1942, Air Assets International, Lafayette, Colorado.
  • Bf 109 G-2 10394, ex-6./JG 5 "Yellow 2" (pilot Fw. Erwin Fahldieck) - crashed 29 April 1943, Malcolm Laing, Texas.
  • Bf 109 G-2 13500, ex-II./JG ? "Red 4".
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 133 C.4K-64 (N109FF), ex-USAFM, <<+- , Military Aviation Museum, Virginia Beach, Virginia, being engined with DB605
  • Bf 109 F-4 10212, ex-JG 5, Air Assets International, Lafayette, Colorado.
  • Bf 109 F-4 10256, ex-11./JG 5 "<", Mickael R., Framingham, Massachusetts.
  • Bf 109 F-4 10270, ex-JG 5 "<", Mickael R., Framingham, Massachusetts.
  • Bf 109 F-4 10276, ex-JG 5, Air Assets International, Lafayette, Colorado.
  • Bf 109 G-2 13927, ex-6./JG 5 "Yellow 6"
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n unkn C.4K-30, ex-471 Sq "471-26", movie: Battle of Britain, Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring. Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 129 C.4K-61 (G-AWHE), movie: Battle of Britain, Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring Texas
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 137 C.4K-116 (N6109), Quantico, Virginia.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 145 C.4K-105 (N6036), movie: Battle of Britain "Red 4", ex-Edwards Collection, Richard Hansen, Batavia Illinois.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n unkn C.4K-111, ex-471 Sq "471-15", movie: Battle of Britain, Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 166 C.4K-106 (N90607), movie: Battle of Britain "Yellow 8", Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 187 C.4K-99 (N90604), ex-7 Sq "7-77", movie: Battle of Britain "Yellow 5", Yellow 5 , Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 190 C.4K-126 (N90603), movie: Battle of Britain "Red 9", Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 195 C.4K-135, movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum, St Louis, Missouri.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 220 C.4K-152 (N4109G), movie: Battle of Britain "White 5", Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 223 C.4K-154, movie: Battle of Britain, Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas.
  • HA-1112-M1L c/n 178 C.4K-178, movie: Battle of Britain, ex-Victory Air Museum, The 1941 Historical Aircraft Group, Geneseo, New York, rebuilt with DB601N engine.
  • HA-1112-M4L c/n unkn C.4K-112, Accepted: Spanish AF, Assigned: 7 Sqd (codes:7 - 92), Assigned: 40 Sqd (codes: 40 - 2), Movie: 1969 Battle of Britain (markings: Red 11), Sold: 1970 Wilson Edwards (N1109G) currently in storage with the Edwards Collection, Wilson Edwards, Big Spring, Texas marked as Red 11)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nowarra 1993, p. 189.
  2. ^ A division of the Škoda Works
  3. ^ "Forum thread," Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums. Retrieved: 27 May 2012.
  4. ^ 784993 White 13 (airliners photo collection)
  5. ^ C4K-131 White 1 (airliners photo collection)
  6. ^ White 4 (preserved axis aircraft page)
  7. ^ Museu TAM
  8. ^ 14256 Yellow 14 (airliners photo collection)
  9. ^ Yellow 14
  10. ^ "3579 White 14." Airliners photo collection.
  11. ^ "3579." warbirdregistry.
  12. ^ http://www.platinumfighters.com/#!bf-109e/c7r0
  13. ^ Canada Aviation Museum
  14. ^ 10132 (airliners photo collection)
  15. ^ "HA-1112-M1L Buchon." Western Canada Aviation Museum.
  16. ^ 199178 UC-25
  17. ^ a b Aviation Museum - Kbely
  18. ^ 199565 UC-26 (airliners photo collection)
  19. ^ 199565 UC-26
  20. ^ 7108 (Preserved Axis Aircraft Collection)
  21. ^ Finnish Aviation Museum
  22. ^ MT-507 (airliners photo collectionj)
  23. ^ 167271
  24. ^ Black 2 (airliners photo collection)
  25. ^ Belly landing august 18th 2013
  26. ^ [1]
  27. ^ HA-1112 139 "7" (airliners photo collection)
  28. ^ C4K-87 (airliners photo collection)
  29. ^ C4K-172 <- (airliners photo collection)
  30. ^ C4K-172 Black 14 (airliners photo collection)
  31. ^ C.4K-169
  32. ^ http://www.deutsches-museum.de/en/sammlungen/verkehr/aeronautics/propeller-planes/aeronautics-hall/messerschmitt-me-109
  33. ^ 790 <- + - (airliners photo collection)
  34. ^ 790 (Paul Nann Collection)
  35. ^ 790
  36. ^ 790
  37. ^ 14753 "White 3"
  38. ^ 19310 White 3 (airliners photo collection)
  39. ^ 19310 White 3
  40. ^ C4J-?? <<< Yellow 4 (airliners photo collection)
  41. ^ C.4K-170
  42. ^ C4K-170 Yellow 4 (airliners photo collection)
  43. ^ C4K-1?? Black 15 (airliners photo collection)
  44. ^ 8993 Yellow 3 (preserved axis aircraft page)
  45. ^ 782358 112D (airliners photo collection)
  46. ^ 15343 (airliners photo collection)
  47. ^ http://rnzaf.proboards.com/thread/21519/classic-wings-109
  48. ^ Flyhistorisk Museum
  49. ^ Norwegian Aviation Museum
  50. ^ 163306 Red 3 (airliners photo collection)
  51. ^ 163306 Red 3 (Yugoslavian Modlers)
  52. ^ 163306 "Red 3"
  53. ^ 163306
  54. ^ Fundacja Polskie Orły
  55. ^ 411768 "Black 1 (airliners phto collection)
  56. ^ 7504 (preserved axis aircraft page)
  57. ^ 14792 (airliners photo collection)
  58. ^ 14792
  59. ^ Yugoslavian Aviation Museum
  60. ^ 1289
  61. ^ South African Museum of Military History
  62. ^ C4J-10 94-28 (airliners photo collection)
  63. ^ C4K-158 (airliners photo collection)
  64. ^ 2242 J-355 (airliners photo collection)
  65. ^ 2242 (Paul Mann Collection)
  66. ^ Swiss Air Force Museum
  67. ^ 2242
  68. ^ HA-1112 67 Yellow 14 (airliners photo collection)
  69. ^ HA-1112 67 (Courtesy Aircraft)[dead link]
  70. ^ HA-1112 M1L&dataindex=0 "G-AWHE". Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  71. ^ C4K-102 Red 1 (airliners photo collection)
  72. ^ Imperial War Museum. "Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3 (Me 109E)". IWM Collections Search. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  73. ^ 1190 (airliners photo collection)
  74. ^ 1190
  75. ^ [2]
  76. ^ 4101 Black 12 (airliners photo collection)
  77. ^ 4101
  78. ^ 4101
  79. ^ 10639 Black 6 (airliners photo collection)
  80. ^ 10639 "Black 6"
  81. ^ Royal Air Force Museum
  82. ^ 4034
  83. ^ Flying Heritage Collection
  84. ^ Evergreen Ventures
  85. ^ 610937 << (airliners photo collection)
  86. ^ 610937
  87. ^ 610937
  88. ^ 5975 (Warbird Recovery)
  89. ^ 160163 "White 2"
  90. ^ 160163
  91. ^ National Air & Space Museum
  92. ^ National Museum of the United States Air Force
  93. ^ 610824 Blue 4
  94. ^ 610824
  95. ^ 611943 Yellow 13
  96. ^ 611943
  97. ^ C.4K-100 71-9 (airliners photo collection)
  98. ^ HA-1112 392 (airliners photo collection)
  99. ^ C.4K-122
  100. ^ Tillamook Air Museum
  101. ^ EAA Aviation Museum
  102. ^ Fighter Factory
  103. ^ 8461 (preserved axis aircraft page)

External links[edit]