A locavore is a person interested in eating food that is locally produced, not moved long distances to market. The desired maximum distance for local produce is between 50-100 miles. The locavore movement in the United States and elsewhere was spawned as interest in sustainability and eco-consciousness became more prevalent.
The word "locavore" was the word of the year for 2007 in the Oxford American Dictionary. This word was the creation of Jessica Prentice of the San Francisco Bay Area at the time of World Environment Day 2005. It may be rendered "localvore", depending on regional differences.
The food may be grown in home gardens, community gardens or grown by local commercial groups interested in keeping the environment as clean as possible and selling food close to where it is grown. One often cited, but not universal, definition of "local" food is food grown within 100 miles of its point of purchase or consumption.
Many local farmers use the crop rotation method when producing their organic crops. This method aids in reducing the use of pesticides and pollutants which can motivate a locavore to enjoy an organic diet.
Farmers' markets play a role in efforts to eat what is local. Preserving food for those seasons when it is not available fresh from a local source is one approach some locavores include in their strategies. Living in a mild climate can make eating locally grown products very different from living where the winter is severe or where no rain falls during certain parts of the year. Those in the movement generally seek to keep use of fossil fuels to a minimum, thereby releasing less carbon dioxide into the air and preventing greater global warming. Keeping energy use down and using food grown in heated greenhouses locally would be in conflict with each other, so there are decisions to be made by those seeking to follow this lifestyle. Many approaches can be developed, and they vary by locale. Such foods as spices, chocolate, or coffee pose a challenge for some, so there are a variety of ways of adhering to the locavore ethic.
The locavore movement has been criticized by Vasile Stănescu, the co-senior editor of the Critical Animal Studies book series, as being idealistic and for not actually achieving the environmental benefits its proponents claim. This critique has been responded to by Dr. Kathy Rudy, associate professor of women's studies and ethics at Duke University, in her article "Locavores, Feminism, and the Question of Meat" published in The Journal of American Culture.
- Community garden
- Farmer's market
- Local food
- Sustainable agriculture
- Slow food
- Wild farming
- Community-supported agriculture
- The Locavores website.
- "Oxford Word Of The Year: Locavore". Oxford University Press.
- "The Birth of Locavore| OUPBlog".OUPBlog.
- "Locavore or localvore?" Language Log.
- Drake Bennett (July 22, 2007). "The localvore's dilemma", The Boston Globe.
- "Local-Food Movement: The Lure of the 100-Mile Diet". Time. 11 June 2006.
- Jennifer Maiser (November 2, 2007). "10 Steps to Becoming a Locavore", PBS.
- Ratha Tep; Nick Fauchald (February 2007). "How to Eat Like a Locovore", Food & Wine.
- Stanton, John L., James B. Wiley, and Ferdinand F. Wirth. "Who are the Locavores?" The Journal of Consumer Marketing 29.4 (2012): 248-61.
- "The Lure of the 100-Mile Diet", Time (June 11, 2006).
- Stănescu, Vasile (2010). "'Green' Eggs and Ham? The Myth of Sustainable Meat and the Danger of the Local" (PDF). Journal for Critical Animal Studies 8(1/2):8–32.
- Rudy, Kathy (March 2012). "Locavores, Feminism, and the Question of Meat". The Journal of American Culture 35(1):26–36. doi:10.1111/j.1542-734X.2011.00795.x.
- Small, Green, and Good: The Role of Neglected Cities in a Sustainable Future, a Boston Review article which argues that declining cities can use urban agriculture to provide local food sources
- The Feast Nearby - a Book Review