The greens of Manipal
|• Total||6 km2 (2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||73 m (240 ft)|
|• Density||5,700/km2 (15,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||KA -20|
Manipal (maṇipāl) is a university town located in the state of Karnataka in India. It is a suburb within Udupi city and is administered by Udupi City Municipality. It is located in the rocky hinterland of the Malabar Coast of south west India, about 8 km (5.0 mi) east the Arabian Sea. From its location on a plateau, it commands a view of the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats range to the east.
It is situated 5 km (3.1 mi) from the temple city of Udupi, and is 65 km (40 mi) north of Mangalore. Manipal was previously part of the Shivalli village panchayat. The name is derived from Mannu palla anglicised to Manipal. Mannu means mud and Palla means lake in Kannada and Tulu Language. This 400 metre lake, after which Manipal is named, is located in the middle of the town, and offers boating facilities. Manipal was once a barren hill with few trees. This hill was transformed to a University town by Dr.T. M. A. Pai starting in the 1950s.
AC Volvo Buses ply between Mangalore and Manipal every 15 minutes. The nearest airport is Mangalore Airport (formerly Bajpe Airport), which is located around 50 km (31 mi) from Manipal. There are many national and international flight carriers operating from this airport. The nearest railway station is Udupi Railway station at Indrali (about 4 km (2.5 mi) from Manipal) on Konkan railway route.
Many buses both KSRTC and private ply between Manipal and Bangalore every day and night. Some other bus services also run from Manipal to Bangalore International Airport, for convenience of foreign students.
Between June and August, it is heavy monsoon season, with precipitation ranging from 50–80 cm (20–31 in). March to May, the temperature peaks at 35 °C (95 °F). At other times, the weather is tropical, approximating 27 °C (81 °F).
Manipal gained prominence in the 1950s, when its founder Dr.T.M.A. Pai created the Manipal University. The barren stretch of land of the 1950s and ’60s has now transformed into a bustling university town with 22 colleges, including engineering, medical, management and communication colleges.
Manipal is also home to headquarters of Syndicate Bank. Manipal had the highest density of mobile phone users in India in 2006. 98% of the population had mobile phones. The Manipal Press Ltd is also located in Manipal. Some of the dailies and weeklies published from this press are Udayavani and Taranga along with the monthlies Roopatara and Thushara. Manipal was also famous for its carbonated drink "Bajal", a decade ago.
Places in and around Manipal
At the very heart of the town, and just over 2 km north of Manipal Lake, is Tiger Circle, popularly known as "TC" by the locals and the students. All buses and taxis leave from here. It also has a small market with grocery and eateries forming the bulk of shops. The BSNL office and the Government approved ration shop are also very close by.
Manipal has a planetarium named after Dr T.M.A Pai most well known for building the university town of Manipal. It is the second planetarium of the state after Bangalore’s "Nehru Planetarium".
At one end of Manipal is End Point, which is a small cliff overlooking the swarna river. From this point, one can see the Arabian sea in the western horizon and the Western Ghats in the eastern horizon. There are two beaches near Manipal - Malpe and Kapu. There is a lighthouse on Kapu beach.
Agumbe on Western ghats is around 55 Kilometre from Manipal.Small towns Parkala, Hiriadka, Perdoor and Hebri are on the way to Agumbe from Manipal. There are private buses plying through this route. The religious centre Sringeri is at distance of 88 Kilometre from Manipal.
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