|Founded by||King Rukmangada|
|Named for||Coffee, mountains (Mullayanagiri range)|
|• Total||30 km2 (10 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||577101 - 577102|
|Vehicle registration||KA- 18|
Chikmagalur (also known as Chikkamagaluru) is a city in Chikkamagaluru district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located in the foothills of Mullayanagiri range, Chikmagalur is famous for coffee and is known as the 'coffee land' of Karnataka. Chikmagalur is famous for its hill stations.
.Chikmagalur is connected to all the major cities by roadways and railways. The National Highway 173 (India) passes through the city and it also has a newly inaugurated railway line and currently one passenger train connects Chickmagalur to Shimoga.
Chikmagalur district was called Kadur district until 1947. It is situated roughly in the south-western part of Karnataka state. A large area of this district is 'malnad', i.e., a largely forested hilly region of heavy rainfall. The first coffee plant was grown at Chikmagalur. It was brought from West Asia by Baba Budan also known as Dada ka pahad nothing but mountain giri, whose shrine is on top of the hills in the region.
Chikmagalur City takes its name from the word "Chikkamagala Uru" which literally means younger daughter's town (in Kannada). It is said to have been given as a dowry to the younger daughter of Rukmangada, the legendary chief of Sakrepatna. Another part of the town bestowed on the elder daughter is known as Hiremagalur.
Some old inscriptions reveals that these two places were known as Kiriya-muguli and Piriya-muguli. In a fertile valley south of the Baba-Budan hill range is the headquarters town of the district. It is a centre of education, trade and commerce.
The town enjoys a salubrious climate and has venerated monuments of all religions: Kodandarama temple a synthesis of Hoysala and Dravidian styles of architecture, Jamia Mosque and the new St. Joseph's Cathedral with an attractive shell-shaped portico. Hiremagalur, which is now part of Chickmagalaur town, has an Ishwara temple with a 1.22 metre high curious rotund figure of Jademuni. The temple has a Yoopastambha supposed to be installed by King Janamejaya during his serpent sacrifice. There is also a Parashurama temple and a Kali shrine.
The district is situated between 12° 54' 42" and 13° 53' 53" north latitude and between 75° 04' 46" and 76° 21' 50" east longitude. Its greatest length from east to west is about 138.4 kilometers and from north to south 88.5 kilometers. General boundaries are
- East: Tumkur district
- South: Hassan district
- West: Western Ghats which separates it from Dakshina Kannada (South Canara) and Udupi district
- Northeast: Chitradurga district
- North: Shimoga district
Chikmagalur is at an elevation of 1090 meters (3,400 feet) and the hill stations around Chikmagalur are famous summer retreats since they remain cool even during summers. The temperature of the city varies from 11-20 °C during winter to 25-32 °C during summer.
Notable places around Chikmagalur are Kemmangundi hill, Mutthodi National Park, Kudremukh (iron ore mining company), Mahatma Gandhi Park (Ratnagiri Bore).
As of 2011 India census, Chikmagalur had a population of 1,18,496. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chikmagalur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 80% and female literacy of 73%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Chikmagalur has a number of educational institutes. The students are taught state syllabus education, except for some institutes. It has some high-profile international schools(Amber Valley),(St Mary's International School), Missionary schools have played a very important role in education. Students generally leave the city and join colleges in bigger cities, but some prefer living in this part of the city for college. For further education the city has degree, polytechnic, engineering colleges. Adichunchanagiri Institute of Technology is an engineering college located in Chikmagalur .Sreenivasa shetty law college offers bachelor degree in law.
A new medical college has been approved and a new Government Engineering College has been decided to start from 2013.
A new branch of State Bank Of India has been opened on K.M.Road, Housing Board to cater to needs of Citizens
- C. T. Ravi : Chikmagalur MLA, Ex Minister, Ministry of Higher Education, Govt. Of Karnataka
- Jairam Ramesh: Union Minister & key strategist of Indian National Congress party, was born in Chikmagalur
- Indira Gandhi: former prime minister was elected to Lok Sabha from Chikmagalur Constituency
- B.L Subbamma: Karnataka's First Lady M.L.A and Freedom Fighter.
- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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