|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2010)|
|20th President of the Senate of the Philippines|
July 27, 1998 – June 28, 1999
|Preceded by||Neptali Gonzales|
|Succeeded by||Blas Ople|
|18th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines|
July 1, 1988 – December 6, 1991
|Nominated by||Corazon Aquino|
|Preceded by||Pedro L. Yap|
|Succeeded by||Andres R. Narvasa|
|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines|
April 9, 1986 – June 30, 1988
|Nominated by||Corazon Aquino|
|Preceded by||Lorenzo Relova|
|Succeeded by||Florenz D. Regalado|
|Senator of the Philippines|
June 30, 1995 – July 11, 1999
|Mambabatas Pambansa (Assemblyman) from Cebu City|
June 30, 1984 – March 25, 1986
Serving with Antonio Cuenco
October 24, 1927|
Cebu City, Cebu, Philippines
|Died||July 11, 1999
|Political party||Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (1991-1995)
Lakas-Laban coalition (1995-1999)
Marcelo "Celing" Briones Fernán (October 24, 1927 – July 11, 1999) was a Filipino lawyer and political figure. He is the only Filipino to have served as both Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and as Senate President. He is also the third Filipino to have headed both the judicial and legislative branches of government, after Querube Makalintal who served as Chief Justice and Speaker of the Batasang Pambansa in the 1970s, and José Yulo, who served as Chief Justice and Speaker of the House of Representatives before 1946.
Fernan was born in Cebu City. In 1953 he graduated with a degree in law from the University of the Philippines. He went to Harvard University in United States to obtain his masters degree. He returned to the Philippines soon after and entered politics as a delegate to the National Constitutional Convention.
Early legislative career
In 1959 he was elected to the Cebu Provincial Board and served until 1961. He was also elected to the 1971 Constitutional Convention as a delegate from his home province. In 1984, he was elected to the Regular Batasang Pambansa with Antonio Cuenco.
In 1977, he was elected national president of the Integrated Bar (National Lawyers Organization). After the People Power Revolution and the dissolution of the Batasang Pambansa, he was appointed by President Corazon Aquino as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. He was then promoted in 1988 as Chief Justice.
He resigned as Chief Justice in 1991 to run as president of the country. He later accepted the offer of House Speaker Ramon Mitra as his vice presidential candidate of the LDP Party. In the 1992 elections, he however lost to then Secretary of National Defense, Fidel V. Ramos.
In the 1995 elections, Fernan ran for the Senate under the Lakas-Laban coalition and was elected. Fernan was elected Senate president at the opening of the 11th Congress in 1998. He was one who approved the US-Philippines Visiting Forces Agreement (Treaty) in 1999.
Fernan resigned the Senate Presidency on June 28, 1999 due to his failing health. He died of cancer only days later, on July 11 in Manila. He was buried in Cebu City. A newly built bridge was named after him linking Mandaue City to Mactan Island.
He was married to Eloisa Nolasco in 1955, having 9 children Marissa N. Fernan; Marget Fernan-Villarica, Maur Fernan-Ledesma, Memel Fernan-Borromeo, Marcel N. Fernan, Mitoy Fernan-Cayosa, Mona Fernan-Quiogue, Michael N. Fernan, Manny N. Fernan and 18 grandchildren, Carlo, Miki and Monica Villarica; Paolo and Camille Ledesma; Mio and Melissa Borromeo; Marc and Rina Fernan; Andre, Marco, Clara and Niña Cayosa; Marty, Sofia and Emilio Quiogue; Simon and Isabelle Fernan. He is also closely related to the Manigsaca family in Cebu City. He is also a granduncle to TV and movie personality Matteo Guidicelli.
When he was a member of the opposition in the Batasang Pambansa, he would sing the song 'Feelings' in public during demonstrations against the Marcos regime. But he stopped such practice after being appointed to the Supreme Court.
His uncle, Manuel Briones, was also a Supreme Court justice from 1945–1949. Like Fernan, Briones also ran and lost for the Vice-Presidency in 1949.
|President of the Senate
Blas F. Ople
|Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Florenz D. Regalado