Marxism and the National Question

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"Marxism and the National Question" (Russian:Марксизм и национальный вопрос) is an article written by Joseph Stalin at the end of 1912–1913 in Vienna, at the insistence of Lenin. Originally published as "The National Question and Social-Democracy",[1] the article constitutes Stalin's expression of the Bolsheviks' views on the solutions of the national question, and criticized the program of cultural-national autonomy of the Austro-Hungarian socialists. It was considered sufficiently impressive to warrant issuing as a booklet,[2] and became popular among Russian Marxists.[3] Stalin would thenceforth be considered an expert on national issues. Marxism and the National Question later provided the basic framework for nationality policy in the Soviet Union.[4]


  1. ^ Service 2004, p. 90.
  2. ^ Service 2004, p. 91.
  3. ^ А. А. Чернобаев. Сталин Иосиф Виссарионович / Политические деятели России 1917 г. Биографический словарь. — М.: Большая Российская энциклопедия, 1993 г., 432 стр.
  4. ^ Rouland 2004, p. 183.