Matsumae Takahiro

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Matsumae Takahiro
Matumae Takahiro.jpg
Matsumae Takahiro
12th Lord of Matsumae
In office
1849–1865
Preceded by Matsumae Masahiro
Succeeded by Matsumae Norihiro
Personal details
Born (1829-12-10)December 10, 1829
Fukuyama Castle, Ezo
Died June 9, 1866(1866-06-09) (aged 36)
Fukuyama Castle, Ezo
Nationality Japanese
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Matsumae".

Matsumae Takahiro (松前 崇広?, December 10, 1829 – June 9, 1866) was a Japanese daimyo of the Edo period, who ruled the Matsumae Domain. Though he was a tozama daimyo, he served in the Tokugawa Shogunate as a rōjū. His court title was Izu no kami.

Youth[edit]

Takahiro, whose childhood name was Tamekichi, was born at Fukuyama Castle in Ezo. He was the 6th son of Matsumae Akihiro, the 9th lord of Matsumae. At age 4, he was sent to the family estate in Edo. In an act most unusual for a daimyo's son, his education included the study of the English language.

He succeeded to lordship of Matsumae in 1849.

Rise to Power as Rōjū[edit]

Takahiro was appointed as rōjū in November 1864; this was a post that was unheard of for a tozama daimyo. The following year, he and his fellow rōjū Abe Masato were responsible for the opening of the Hyōgo port to foreign trade. However, as they did so against the wishes of the imperial court, the court issued orders calling for their dismissal from office.[1] Both men lost their offices, court rank, and titles, and were forced to yield lordship of their domains. Takahiro retired in favor of his son Norihiro.

Death[edit]

Takahiro returned to Matsumae in the spring of 1866. Soon after, he contracted a fever and died at age 36. A few years after Takahiro's death, his grandson Nagahiro petitioned the imperial court for a pardon, which was granted, along with a restoration of his court rank and titles.

Media[edit]

Takahiro has appeared infrequently in fictional depictions of the bakumatsu era. Most recently he appeared as a minor character in the manga Kaze Hikaru.

References[edit]

  1. ^ W.G. Beasley (2002), The Perry Mission to Japan, 1853-1854 (London: Routledge), pp. 81-82.
  • Beasley, W.G. (2002). The Perry Mission to Japan, 1853-1854 London: Routledge.
  • Totman, Conrad. The Collapse of the Tokugawa Bakufu. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
  • (Japanese)"Matsumae-han" on Edo 300 HTML (2 Jul. 2008)
Preceded by
Matsumae Masahiro
12th Lord of Matsumae
1849-1865
Succeeded by
Matsumae Norihiro