Merchants Square

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Merchants Square and Resort Historic District
MerchantsSquare.jpg
Merchants Square in spring
Merchants Square is located in Virginia
Merchants Square
Location Boundary St., Duke of Gloucester St., S. England St., Francis St., Henry St. Prince George St., Williamsburg, Virginia
Coordinates 37°16′14″N 76°42′6″W / 37.27056°N 76.70167°W / 37.27056; -76.70167Coordinates: 37°16′14″N 76°42′6″W / 37.27056°N 76.70167°W / 37.27056; -76.70167
Area 49 acres (20 ha)
Built 1927 (1927)
Architect Perry, Shaw & Hepburn; et al.
Architectural style Colonial, Colonial Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 06000365[1]
VLR # 137-5027
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 3, 2006
Designated VLR December 7, 2005[2]

Merchants Square is an 18th-century style retail village in Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia, United States. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3]

History[edit]

Conceived in 1927 by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and Reverend W. A. R. Goodwin,[4] Merchants Square is considered to be one of the first planned shopping districts in the United States, if not the first.[4] Small shops throughout Williamsburg would move into a centrally located area that used architecture that was in harmony with the restoration’s character.

Most of the stores and shops are located on Duke of Gloucester Street (DoG St.) right across from The College of William & Mary’s campus.[4] To keep the area as close to historically accurate as possible, all telephone wires were placed underground, and modern day technologies such as air-conditioning ducts and garage equipment were hidden with shrubs and plantings.[4]

Present day[edit]

Another view of the square

Today there are over 40 shops and restaurants located in Merchants Square.[5] The area is also used for other purposes, such as seasonal concerts, a farmers' market, and special movie screenings.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places. December 16, 2011. Retrieved January 14, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d Merchants Square – History. Retrieved on June 28, 2008.
  5. ^ a b Merchants Square – Home. Retrieved on June 28, 2008.

External links[edit]