Methana

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Methana
Μέθανα
Town of Methana
Town of Methana
Location
Methana is located in Greece
Methana
Methana
Coordinates 37°34′N 23°23′E / 37.567°N 23.383°E / 37.567; 23.383Coordinates: 37°34′N 23°23′E / 37.567°N 23.383°E / 37.567; 23.383
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Attica
Regional unit: Islands
Municipality: Troizinia
Districts: 4
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 1,657
 - Area: 50.161 km2 (19 sq mi)
 - Density: 33 /km2 (86 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 18 m (59 ft)
Postal code: 180 30
Telephone: 22980
Website
www.methana.gr

Methana (Greek: Μέθανα) is a town and a former municipality on the Peloponnese peninsula, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Troizinia, of which it is a municipal unit.[2]

Methana is situated on a volcanic (the Methana Volcano) peninsula, attached to the Peloponnese. Administratively, it belongs to the Attica region. The town (pop. 1,148 in 2001) is located north of the road connecting to the rest of the Peloponnese and Galatas. The highest point is 740 metres (2,428 feet) (Helona Mountain). The municipal unit has a land area of 50.161 square kilometres (19.367 square miles) and a population of 1,657 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The largest settlements besides the town of Methana are Vathý (pop. 129), Megalochóri (115), Kounoupítsa (75), Kypséli (47), Ágioi Theódoroi (45), and Dritsaíika (205).

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipal unit Methana is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):

  • Kounoupitsa (Kounoupitsa, Agios Georgios, Agios Nikolaos, Makrylongos, Palaia Loutra)
  • Kypseli (Kypseli, Agioi Theodoroi)
  • Loutropoli Methanon (Methana, Dritsaiika)
  • Megalochori (Megalochori, Vathy, Kaimeni Chora, Megalo Potami)

Historical population[edit]

Year Community population Municipal unit population
1981 1,035 -
1991 1,054 2,056
2001 1,148 2,057
2011 1,097 1,657

Half of the entire peninsula's population lives in Methana town.

Volcanic activity[edit]

Main article: Methana Volcano

The peninsula is entirely of volcanic origin and contains over 30 volcanic eruption centers. The last volcanic eruption occurred near present-day Kameni Chora in 230 BC and a submarine volcano erupted in 1700. Famous writers such as Ovid, Strabo and Pausanias reported the last volcanic eruption in Methana. The peninsula is the northwesternmost of the arc of the Aegean islands of which the active volcanic areas are Methana, Milos, Santorini and Nisyros. In the future, Methana (and the area of the Saronic gulf) may expect other volcanic eruptions.

Geography[edit]

View of Methana peninsula from the sea
Sulfurous bath inside sea

Since 1991, the peninsula has been investigated by the team of ETH Zürich geologically and cartographically. From this, a topographical map of the entire peninsula at a scale of 1:25,000 was made. An interactive 3D map was created and is on the World Wide Web. Also a rich photographic archive with about 10.000 color slides has been produced (see links below).

The panorama of the northeastern part of Argolis, southeastern and eastern Corinthia along with the southern part of the Attica peninsula and the Saronic Islands of Aegina and Salamis along with a smaller one and the mountains of the eastern tip of the neighboring peninsula.

Much of the peninsula is mountainous and bushy and grassy. The mountain range covers the central part of the peninsula and has a small ridge north of the seat. The residential area is within the sea. The pastures are around Methana. A mountain ridge is founded in the west and is about 3 km (2 mi) long with a stream in the middle and a cliff in the south.

History[edit]

Square at Methana

The earliest known settlement (near the village of Vathy) dates from 1500–1300 BC. Many ancient sites were identified through the archaeological survey conducted in the 1980s by the University of Liverpool in association with the British School at Athens. The Acropolis Palaiokastro is located near the village of Vathy. The fortress is in Kypseli at the coast Akropolis Oga at the principal pace of Nisaki (Νησάκι, meaning little island). A Mycenaean settlement was excavated by Helene Konstolakis-Jiannopoulou in 1990 along with the chapel of Agios Konstantinos and Elenis. Selected artifacts can be visited in the museums of Poros island and in Piraeus. This site dates between 1500 and 1300 BC. In his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides tells of an Athenian expeditionary force under Nicias that after defeating Corinth (in 425 BC) built a wall across the isthmus to cut the Methana peninsula off from the mainland.[3] In the Hellenistic period, the peninsula became one of the Ptolemaic bases in the Aegean when it was renamed Arsinoe. Traditionally, the population of Methana were Arvanites.[4]

Persons[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Detailed census results 2011" (xls 2,7 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece.  (Greek)
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 4.45.2
  4. ^ Sutton, Susan Buck; Adams, Keith W.; Project, Argolid Exploration (2000). Contingent countryside: settlement, economy, and land use in the southern Argolid since 1700. Stanford University Press. p. 349. ISBN 978-0-8047-3315-1. Retrieved 27 October 2010. 

External links[edit]