|Part of a series on the|
Spratly Islands military occupations map
History and Topography
In 1994 and 1995, the PRC built initial structures on stilts while the Philippine Navy was not patrolling the area due to the monsoon season. Since the reef is 130 miles (209 km) away from Palawan, the Philippine government immediately protested this action. However, the Chinese government rejected the protest and said that the structures were shelter for fishermen. In 1999, another wave of protests from Manila occurred when China added more structures to Mischief Reef which resembled military installations more closely than shelters for fishermen.
The Philippines alleged China's actions in South China Sea were part of a "creeping invasion." For instance, China was also reported to have planted buoys in Sabina Shoal, which is 70 miles (113 km) away from Palawan. Philippines claimed that China had a well-rehearsed routine when laying claim to a new reef: first put down buoys, then build concrete markers. Temporary wooden or bamboo shelters followed, and if China was still not challenged, the permanent military forts went up. The Philippines tries to destroy the buoys or markers before China has time to build larger structures.
The Philippines' decision not to destroy the Chinese structures on Mischief Reef prevented an escalation of the dispute. The Philippines claims that China has always been prepared for armed conflict when opposed, as is evident in China's defense of reefs from Vietnam in 1988 Johnson South Reef Skirmish which resulted in more than 70 Vietnamese deaths. The Philippines decided not to attack since it could have led the two countries into a war, the consequences of which could have escalated into a wider conflict.
- "The battle for Mischief Reef". Warfighter strategic studies. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- Raman, B (1999). Chinese Territorial Assertions: The Case of the Mischief Reef. Chennai, India: Institute For Topical Studies.
- Meyer, Lt Col. Stanley E (1996). Incident at Mischief reef : Implications for The Philippiens, China and The United States. Pennsylvania, USA: US Army war college, Carlisle barracks.
- "Spratly Islands Conflicting Claims". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
- "Digital Gazetter of Spratly Islands". Retrieved March 22, 2008.
- Ian Storey, Herbert Yee (2004). The China threat : Perceptions and myths. Routledge. ISBN 0415347106.
- McCarthy, Terry (March 8, 1999). "Reef Wars". Time Asia (Puerto Princessa, Palawan) 153 (9). Retrieved March 22, 2008.
- Mutual Defense Treaty Between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America. 1951.