The United Republic of Tanzania (//; Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania) is a sovereign state in central East Africa bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The states eastern borders lie in the Indian Ocean.
The United Republic of Tanzania is a unitary republic composed of 26 mkoa (regions). The current head of state is President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, elected in 2005. Since 1996, the capital of Tanzania has been Dodoma, where government offices are located. Between independence and 1996 the major coastal city of Dar es Salaam had been the country's political capital. Today Dar es Salaam remains the principal commercial city of Tanzania, and is major seaport for the country and its landlocked neighbours.
The name Tanzania is a portmanteau of Tanganyika
, the two states united in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which later the same year was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.
In the 1998 United States embassy bombings (August 7, 1998) hundreds of people were killed in simultaneous truck bomb explosions at the United States embassies in the major East African cities of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya. The attacks, linked to local members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad brought Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri to American attention for the first time, and resulted in the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation placing bin Laden on its Ten Most Wanted list.
The bombings are widely believed to have been revenge for American involvement in the extradition, and alleged torture, of four members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ) who had been arrested in Albania in the two months prior to the explosions and extradited to Egypt. Between June and July, Ahmad Isma'il 'Uthman Saleh, Ahmad Ibrahim al-Sayyid al-Naggar, Shawqi Salama Mustafa Atiya and Mohamed Hassan Tita were all renditioned from Albania to Egypt, with the cooperation of the United States, accused of participating in the assassination of Rifaat el-Mahgoub, as well as a later plot against the Khan el-Khalili market in Cairo. The following month, a communique was issued warning the US that a "response" was being prepared to repay them for their interference.
- ...that while the first union was founded in 1927, Tanzania did not have a significant labor movement until the 1940s?
This month in Tanzanian history
- 11 May 1848: German missionary Johannes Rebmann became the first European to report seeing Mount Kilimanjaro.
- 11 May 2006: Scientists announced that the Kipunji monkey found in 2003 belongs to a new genus of African monkey—the first to be discovered since 1923.
- 28 May 1992: The Civic United Front liberal party was formed.
||Terrorist attacks in their own countries do not generate travel advisories aimed at discouraging citizens of other countries from visiting ... Why is it that only when threats of terrorist attacks are perceived in our kind of countries are travel advisories issued?
—Benjamin Mkapa, in 2003
Here are some things you can do
- Join WikiProject Tanzania!
- Create: David Mwakyusa, List of Vice-Presidents of Tanzania, Pius Ng’wandu, Protase Rugambwa, More...
- Expand: Daily News (Tanzania), Kilimanjaro Region, Mbeya Region, Taarab, Tanzania Commission for AIDS, Tourism in Tanzania, More...
- Reference: Bagamoyo, Dar es Salaam, Edward Sokoine, Pare Mountains
- Check neutrality: Jakaya Kikwete
- Update: Politics of Tanzania
- Find images: Chanika (Tanzanian ward), Dataz, Eastern Arc Mountains, Gerezani, Ilala (Ilala ward), Jangwani, Kariakoo, Kinyerezi, Kipawa (Tanzanian ward), Kisutu, Dar Es Salaam, Kitunda, Kivukoni, Kizimkazi Mosque, Musoma, More...
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