Mound House (Greene County, Illinois)
Mound House Site
|NRHP Reference #||78001148|
|Added to NRHP||September 1, 1978|
The Myth of the Mound Builders
The mound builders have been deeply immersed in a lot of speculation ever since the day these structures were built. A variety of excuses have been made over time to explain that the First Nation's people could not have built these. These reasons include…
- Early people were too primitive
- Mounds and artifacts were more ancient than the time the First Nation's people were settled
- Stone tablets including inscriptions in European, Asian, or African alphabets have been found
- First Nations peoples were not building mounds when they were first contacted by European explorers and settlers
- Metal artifacts were found in mounds
Cyrus Thomas was an entomologist from Illinois who conducted a division of mound exploration in 1882. He was one of the many who devoted considerable time and money to analyzing the mound builder myths and uncovering the truth behind them. 
The Mound House Site
The Mound House is a 5 hectare archeological site located in Greene County, Illinois in the Illinois River floodplain. The site is a multicomponent site; however, the mounds were constructed during the Middle Woodland and are associated with the Havana Hopewell culture. The mound center has two identified mounds.
The site received its name because the previous landowner, a farmer, built a house on Mound 1, the largest mound. Since then, the house has been removed and the land is owned by the Center for American Archeology. Recently, Arizona State University Field School has been focusing on the residential areas of this site. Several areas of concentrated debris have been found that are being used to uncover the spacial recognition of this area. Archeologists are trying to find the main activity areas and get some sort of sense of where structure once stood and how this land evolved over the years.
A large, prehistoric refuse pit was a highlight of excavation. It included pieces of burnt and unburnt limestone, burnt and unburnt animal bone, charcoal, plant remains, and stone and ceramic debris. This gives insight into the lifestyle of the people who settled here. However, there is still much more work to be done to learn about the occupations and composition of those who left these remains. Further excavation will be conducted by Arizona State University in 2013. The site was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 1, 1978.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Lecture2-Historical Roots of Archeology". Ethan Watrall. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- Maruszak, Kathleen. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Mound House Site. National Park Service, 1977-07, 4.
- "Mound House Site". Center for American Archeology. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
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