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Chanunpa, or Chanupa, or Chanduhupa is the Sioux language name for the sacred, ceremonial pipe and the ceremony in which it is used.
The Chanunpa is one means of conveying prayers to the Creator and the other sacred beings. The various parts of the pipe have symbolic meanings, and much of this symbolism is not shared with those outside of the culture.
The sacred pipe is smoked by many tribes, and what was smoked varied. The plants include tobacco, red osier bark, bearberry leaves, and more. Contrary to popular belief it is taboo to smoke marijuana from the sacred pipe.
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