Mount Agassiz (California)

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Mount Agassiz
Mount Agassiz southeast face.jpg
Mount Agassiz from Bishop Pass Trail.
Elevation 13,899 ft (4,236 m) NAVD 88[1]
Prominence 893 ft (272 m)[1]
Parent peak Thunderbolt Peak[1]
Listing Sierra Peaks Section[2]
Location
Mount Agassiz is located in California
Mount Agassiz
Mount Agassiz
Fresno and Inyo counties, California, U.S.
Range Palisades, Sierra Nevada
Coordinates 37°06′42″N 118°31′51″W / 37.1116003°N 118.5309396°W / 37.1116003; -118.5309396Coordinates: 37°06′42″N 118°31′51″W / 37.1116003°N 118.5309396°W / 37.1116003; -118.5309396[3]
Topo map USGS North Palisade
Climbing
First ascent August 30, 1925 by Norman Clyde[4]
Easiest route West slope, scramble, (class 2)[4]

Mount Agassiz, at 13,899 feet (4,236 m), is one of the twenty highest peaks of California. It is the northernmost, and easiest to climb, major summit of the Palisades.[4]

Geography[edit]

Agassiz is at the north end of the Palisades in the eastern Sierra Nevada, near Bishop Pass. It stands on the boundary between Kings Canyon National Park and Inyo National Forest, and Fresno and Inyo counties.[3]

History[edit]

A view of Mount Agassiz from the west, near Bishop Pass, showing a talus slope and several chutes, August 2007.

In 1879, Lilbourne Winchell named it Agassiz Needle for Harvard University professor of zoology and geology Louis Agassiz.[5] Later, the USGS recognized it by its current name.

The peak is named after Swiss-American scientist Louis Agassiz.[6][7] The name Agassiz Needle was originally applied to another nearby peak in 1879, likely Mount Winchell, but at some point the name moved to the current peak.[7]

Climbing[edit]

There are three major routes to Agassiz's summit. The easiest is the west slope, both for its non-technical ascent and proximity to the Bishop Pass Trail. From South Lake, the trail climbs gently to Bishop Pass, and the summit route begins there. An attempt to ascend from the west via a chute can lead off route, to areas requiring more technical mountaineering skills and equipment.

Another class 2 scrambling route is the southeast face by the south ridge, from Agassiz Col.

A more technical route is the northeast face, which requires class 4 climbing. Norman Clyde established it by following a canyon, couloir and arête from Fifth Lake.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Mount Agassiz, California". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  2. ^ "Sierra Peaks Section List". Angeles Chapter, Sierra Club. http://angeles.sierraclub.org/sps/spslist.pdf. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
  3. ^ a b "Mount Agassiz". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  4. ^ a b c d Secor, R.J. (2009). The High Sierra Peaks, Passes, and Trails (3rd ed.). Seattle: The Mountaineers. pp. 261–262. ISBN 9780898869712. 
  5. ^ Farquhar, Francis P. (1926). Place Names of the High Sierra. San Francisco: Sierra Club. Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  6. ^ William Bright; Erwin Gustav Gudde (1998). 1500 California place names: their origin and meaning. University of California Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-520-21271-8. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  7. ^ a b Gudde, Erwin G. (1949). California Place Names. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press. p. 3. 

External links[edit]