Bridgeport, California

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Bridgeport
census-designated place
The Mono County Court House in Bridgeport
The Mono County Court House in Bridgeport
Bridgeport is located in California
Bridgeport
Bridgeport
Location in California
Coordinates: 38°15′21″N 119°13′53″W / 38.25583°N 119.23139°W / 38.25583; -119.23139Coordinates: 38°15′21″N 119°13′53″W / 38.25583°N 119.23139°W / 38.25583; -119.23139
Country United States
State California
County Mono
Area[1]
 • Total 21.748 sq mi (56.327 km2)
 • Land 21.740 sq mi (56.306 km2)
 • Water 0.008 sq mi (0.021 km2)  0.04%
Elevation [2] 6,463 ft (1,970 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 575
 • Density 26/sq mi (10/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 93517
Area code(s) 760; 442
GNIS feature IDs 1658134; 2582950
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bridgeport, California; U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bridgeport, California

Bridgeport is a census-designated place (CDP)[3] in and the county seat of Mono County, California, United States.[4] It lies at an elevation of 6463 feet (1970 m) in the middle of the Bridgeport Valley.[2] Bridgeport is located at the intersection of U.S. Route 395 and State Route 182. The population was 575 at the 2010 census.

Geography and features[edit]

The first post office at Bridgeport opened in 1864.[5] The ZIP code is 93517, and the community is inside area code 760. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 21.7 sq mi (56.3 km2), 99.96% of it land, and 0.04% of it water. The US Marine Corps' Mountain Warfare Training Center is located approximately 20 miles (32 km) west of Bridgeport on State Route 108.

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[6] reported that Bridgeport had a population of 575. The population density was 26.4 people per square mile (10.2/km²). The racial makeup of Bridgeport was 484 (84.2%) White, 1 (0.2%) African American, 43 (7.5%) Native American, 1 (0.2%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 25 (4.3%) from other races, and 21 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 148 persons (25.7%).

The Census reported that 559 people (97.2% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 16 (2.8%) were institutionalized.

There were 257 households, out of which 67 (26.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 124 (48.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 22 (8.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 9 (3.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 12 (4.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 88 households (34.2%) were made up of individuals and 26 (10.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18. There were 155 families (60.3% of all households); the average family size was 2.83.

The population was spread out with 119 people (20.7%) under the age of 18, 46 people (8.0%) aged 18 to 24, 118 people (20.5%) aged 25 to 44, 193 people (33.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 99 people (17.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.5 years. For every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.5 males.

There were 357 housing units at an average density of 16.4 per square mile (6.3/km²), of which 160 (62.3%) were owner-occupied, and 97 (37.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 19.0%. 341 people (59.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 218 people (37.9%) lived in rental housing units.

Tourism[edit]

Formerly known as Big Meadows, Bridgeport is annually visited by thousands of tourists, many of whom come to the area for its well-known trout streams and lakes. Bridgeport Reservoir, Twin Lakes, Virginia Lakes, Green Creek, the East Walker River, the West Walker River and numerous small tributaries and backcountry lakes offer some of the premier Rainbow, Brown and Cutthroat trout fishing to be found anywhere in the world. The Bridgeport Fish Enhancement Program sponsors fishing tournaments twice per season. Bridgeport also occasionally plays host to the annual E Clampus Vitus celebration.

Bridgeport has some of the finest backcountry winter recreation in the world. Over 500 miles of cross country skiing, snowshoeing, dogsledding, snowmobiling and multiple-use trails are found around the town, including Virginia Lakes Road, the Sweetwater Range, Buckeye, Bodie Hills and Summers Meadows. Huge numbers of backcountry bowls can be used for telemarking and XC Downhilling. Bridgeport is also notable for its proximity to the well-preserved ghost town of Bodie. The Mono County Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Climate[edit]

Bridgeport experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, relatively snowy winters and hot, dry summers.

Average January temperatures in Bridgeport are a maximum of 41.2 °F (5.1 °C) and a minimum of 8.6 °F (−13.0 °C). Average July temperatures are a maximum of 82.9 °F (28.3 °C) and a minimum of 40.2 °F (4.6 °C). There are an average of 5.6 days with highs of 90°F (32°C) or higher and an average of 255.7 days with lows of 32°F (0°C) or lower. The record high temperature of 98 °F (37 °C) was on July 28, 1944. The record low temperature of −36 °F (−38 °C) was on January 31, 1916.

Average annual precipitation is 9.41 inches (239 mm). There are an average of 40 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 19.96 in (507 mm) and the driest year was 1990 with 3.02 in (77 mm). The most precipitation in one month was 7.69 in (195 mm) in January 1969. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 2.59 in (66 mm) on January 31, 1963. Average annual snowfall is 49.5 inches (126 cm). The most snowfall in one year was 174.06 in (442.1 cm) in 1916, including 121.0 in (307 cm) in January 1916.[7]

Climate data for Bridgeport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
(20)
71
(22)
77
(25)
84
(29)
88
(31)
94
(34)
98
(37)
96
(36)
91
(33)
89
(32)
80
(27)
72
(22)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 40.5
(4.7)
43.6
(6.4)
48.9
(9.4)
56.2
(13.4)
63.7
(17.6)
73.0
(22.8)
81.4
(27.4)
80.4
(26.9)
73.8
(23.2)
64.6
(18.1)
51.3
(10.7)
42.1
(5.6)
60.0
(15.6)
Average low °F (°C) 8.1
(−13.3)
11.4
(−11.4)
18.7
(−7.4)
23.1
(−4.9)
29.8
(−1.2)
36.4
(2.4)
40.3
(4.6)
38.9
(3.8)
31.3
(−0.4)
22.7
(−5.2)
16.1
(−8.8)
9.4
(−12.6)
23.9
(−4.5)
Record low °F (°C) −31
(−35)
−29
(−34)
−26
(−32)
−2
(−19)
6
(−14)
17
(−8)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
7
(−14)
−5
(−21)
−20
(−29)
−31
(−35)
−31
(−35)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.29
(32.8)
1.46
(37.1)
1.47
(37.3)
0.40
(10.2)
0.54
(13.7)
0.58
(14.7)
0.45
(11.4)
0.50
(12.7)
0.50
(12.7)
0.35
(8.9)
0.86
(21.8)
1.01
(25.7)
9.41
(239)
Snowfall inches (cm) 8.9
(22.6)
11.1
(28.2)
5.6
(14.2)
1.8
(4.6)
1.4
(3.6)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
0.5
(1.3)
2.1
(5.3)
6.9
(17.5)
38.7
(98.4)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.2 5.1 5.0 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.1 2.8 2.3 2.2 3.1 4.2 40.1
Source: NOAA (normals: 1971–2000, records: 1948–2001) [8]

Politics[edit]

State[edit]

Bridgeport is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines, and in the 25th Assembly District, represented by Republican Kristin Olsen.

Federal[edit]

Bridgeport is in California's 8th congressional district, represented by Republican Paul Cook.[9]

Indian[edit]

Bridgeport is the tribal headquarters for the Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California.[10]

Education[edit]

Bridgeport is in the Eastern Sierra Unified School District, which has its main office in town.[11] An elementary school and a high school (Eastern Sierra Academy[12]) are located in Bridgeport.[11] Bridgeport also has a public library.[11]

Bridgeport in fiction[edit]

Bridgeport Reservoir, Bryant Field

Bridgeport is the setting of the 1947 film Out of the Past; several sequences were filmed on location in the town.

Bridgeport plays a small role in the novel The Dharma Bums (1958) by Jack Kerouac; it is the place from where the main characters Ray Smith, Japhy Ryder and Henry Morley start their climb to the nearby Matterhorn Peak.

Bridgeport is also mentioned in the 1973 supernatural thriller novel The Reincarnation of Peter Proud by Max Ehrlich. The protagonist, a Native American studies professor at UCLA, is distracted by various memories of a previous life recalled constantly and involuntarily in the form of dreams whenever he falls asleep to the point where it begins to detract from his ability to function. He is called as an expert witness on behalf of a local band of Paiute Native Americans at a court hearing in Bridgeport and bungles it.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bridgeport, California
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bridgeport, California
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1150. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Bridgeport CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  7. ^ BRIDGEPORT, CALIFORNIA - Climate Summary. Wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved on 2014-05-24.
  8. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.20". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 13, 2011. 
  9. ^ "California's 8th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 9, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony." IICOC Business Directory. (retrieved 8 Dec 2009)
  11. ^ a b c Mono County Office of Education
  12. ^ School's website

External links[edit]