Movement for Change

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For other topics with similar names, see Movement for Change (disambiguation).
Movement for Change
Bzutinewey‌ Gorran
بزوتنه‌وه‌ی‌ گۆڕان
Leader Nawshirwan Mustafa
Founded 2009
Split from Patriotic Union of Kurdistan[1]
Ideology Kurdish nationalism
Social liberalism
Economic liberalism[2]
Anti-corruption[2]
Political position Centre-left
Religion Secularism[3]
International affiliation Liberal International
Colours Blue
Seats in the Council of Representatives of Iraq:
9 / 325
Seats in the Kurdistan Parliament:
24 / 111
Website
http://gorran.net
Politics of Iraq
Political parties
Elections
Coat of Arms of Kurdistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iraqi Kurdistan

The Movement for Change (Kurdish: Bizûtinewey‌ Gorran, Kurdish: بزوتنه‌وه‌ی‌ گۆڕان‎) also known as Change List (Kurdish: Lîstî Gorran) or Gorran ("Change") is a centrist, liberal and reformist Iraqi Kurdish political party[4] under the leadership of Nawshirwan Mustafa, founded in 2009 it is the official opposition to the ruling two-party coalition of the Kurdistan Democratic Party and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (Kurdistan List) which governs the Kurdistan Regional Government.

Formation[edit]

According to the BBC "Gorran has already shaken the political landscape in Kurdish areas".[5] Support for the Movement for Change "stems from the simple fact that it is the new, dynamic, fresh option in Kurdistan"[6] and its "calls for an end to monopoly control of power".[7] One of Gorran's main objectives is to "uproot rampant corruption".[8] The party is particularly popular with the youth of Kurdistan and campaigns against patronage.[9] It consists of a mix of (former) PUK/KDP members, Peshmerga, and academics.[10] Gorran supporters have often faced "violent intimidation".[11] Gorran have stated in The Economist that "the KDP and PUK have done a poor job of promoting the Kurds’ interests at the federal parliament in Baghdad".[12] The party in the 2009 and 2010 elections "won the in city and the province of Sulaimaniyah".[13]

History[edit]

Iraqi Kurdistan parliamentary election, 2009[edit]

The movement's platform for the 2009 election was to de-politicise the regional government, strengthen the judiciary, limit political interference in the economy and make the budget more transparent. Supporting federalism for Iraqi Kurdistan, it said disputes with the central government could be solved through dialogue based on the Iraqi Constitution.[14]

The Change List won a total of 25 seats in the July 2009 elections,[15] making it the second-most successful list in the election after the Kurdistani List. The party viewed the election results as a huge victory.

Iraqi parliamentary election, 2010[edit]

Considered to be the main opposition to Kurdistan List, particularly in areas dominated by the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. The campaign focused on addressing what it sees as corruption undertaken by the Kurdistan Democratic Paty and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. It managed to win eight seats.

2011 Kurdish protests in Iraq[edit]

In 2011 the party called for the resignation of the Cabinet and the disbanding of the Kurdistan Regional Government during the protests in Kurdistan that followed the 2011 Egyptian protests.[16] This was accompanied by protests against the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Kurdistan Democratic Party.[17][18][19] Some[who?] have criticized the party for causing unnecessary unrest, arguing that there is no need for the Kurdish government to step down.[20] Amnesty International and the Human Rights Watch have urged the protests to be allowed and for an independent investigation into the killings to be made.[21][22][23]

Party Structure[edit]

General Coordinator[edit]

The office of the general coordinator is held by the most senior party official, it is currently held by Nawshirwan Mustafa who is the founder of the Movement for Change and Co-Founder of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan

National Assembly[edit]

The National Assembly (Jivat) which is the movements leadership body includes the general coordinator, the leaders of Gorran blocs in Iraqi and Kurdish parliaments, leaders of the different Gorran chambers, district officials and representatives who were successful in Gorran’s internal elections[24]

Name Position
Nawshirwan Mustafa General coordinator of Gorran
Sarkawt Hassan Jalal (Kubba) Head of Gorran Sulaymaniyah Governorate
Birzo Majeed Head of Gorran Erbil Governorate
Dilman Lawak Head of Gorran Dohuk Governorate
Mustafa Said Qadir Finance & administration chamber
Mohammad Tofiq Rahim Foreign Relations chamber
Kawa Abdullah Head provincial council Sulaymaniyah faction
Jalal Jawher Political relations chamber
Omar Said Ali Parliamentary factions chamber
Jamal Muhammed Political chamber
Aras Wali Kurds abroad chamber
Hakim Rushdie Legal research chamber
Ali Muhammed Salih Economic research chamber
Salah Rashid Coordination chamber
Sardar Abdullah Head parliamentary faction Iraq assembly
Kardo Muhammed Head parliamentary faction Kurdistan assembly
Aram Shekh Muhammed Head of Election Chamber
Yusif Mohammed Sadeq Political research chamber
Hoshyar Abdullah Media chamber

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Centrist Kurdish Groups Emerge in Northern Iraq", The Weekly Middle East Reporter, 20 February 2010 
  2. ^ a b http://gorran.net/En/Content.aspx?LinkID=191&Action=2
  3. ^ http://gorran.net/En/Content.aspx?LinkID=190&Action=2
  4. ^ ""Goran" opposition movement becomes political party". medyanews.com. 02-10-2011. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  5. ^ New Kurdish party to challenge polls BBCNews Retrieved Feb 01 2011.
  6. ^ "Up on the Hill is where you'll find us". http://blog.fpc.org.uk/. 03-06-2010. Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  7. ^ Reformist gains in Kurdish vote shake Iraq's quiet north The Independent Retrieved 27 July 2009.
  8. ^ Goran leaves Iraq's Kurdish alliance with less clout AlArabiya Retrieved Feb 01 2011.
  9. ^ Iraq and the United States: creating a strategic partnership - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  10. ^ Gains Seen for Kurdish Challengers New York Times Retrieved 27 July 2009.
  11. ^ Kurdish Iraq: An Emerging Success CBSNews Retrieved Feb 01 2011.
  12. ^ The Kurdish way TheEconomist Retrieved Feb 01 2011.
  13. ^ Change the Kurds can believe in Sydney Morning Herald Retrieved Feb 01 2011.
  14. ^ Kurdish election lists, Niqash, 30 June 2009
  15. ^ Dagher, Sam (26 July 2009). "Iraqi Kurds come out to vote in high numbers". The San Francisco Chronicle. 
  16. ^ "KurdishMedia.com: News about Kurds and Kurdistan". kurdmedia.com. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  17. ^ "Iraqis protest in Kurdish region, capital". Reuters. 19 February 2011. 
  18. ^ "Tonårig demonstrant dödad i Irak - Nyheter | SVT.se". svt.se. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  19. ^ http://www.google.com/hostednews/canadianpress/article/ALeqM5gvqM5KohOmVipuRKfb39gRT968oQ?docId=6029572
  20. ^ "The page you requested was not found". web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  21. ^ thomas yocum. "Document - Iraq: Authorities in Iraq urged to allow peaceful protests | Amnesty International". amnesty.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  22. ^ "Iraq: Restraint urged in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq following protester deaths | Amnesty International". amnesty.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  23. ^ "Iraq: Investigate Protester Deaths | Human Rights Watch". hrw.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  24. ^ [1] Rudaw Retrieved Nov 22 2012.

Official party sites[edit]