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10 July 1885|
Peyara, 24 Pargana, West Bengal, British India (now in India)
|Died||13 July 1969
Dacca, East Pakistan (now Dhaka, Bangladesh
|Awards||Chevalier De L’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (1967)
Independence Day Award (1980)
Muhammad Shahidullah (Bengali: মুহম্মদ শহীদুল্লাহ; popularly known as Doctor Muhômmod Shohidullah and also as Jvantapas (July 10, 1885 – July 13, 1969) was a Bengali educationist, writer, philologist and linguist. A dormitory in University of Dhaka is named after him - Shahidullah Hall.
Shahidullah passed his school final Entrance exam in 1904 from Howrah Zila School. In 1906 he passed the FA exam from Presidency College, Kolkata. He received the Bachelor of Arts degree with Honors in Sanskrit in 1910 from City College, Kolkata, and Master of Arts in 1912 in Comparative Philology from the University of Calcutta. He earned his PhD degree from Sorbonne University in 1928 for his research on the dialects of the Charyapada. He was the first Indian Muslim to receive this doctorate degree.
Shahidullah had seven sons and two daughters. His third son A.K.M. Zakiyullah established a school named Dr. Shahidullah Gyanpith in Hazi Osman Goni Road, Alu Bazaar in Old Dhaka and a research library named Dr. Shahidullah Memorial Library and Language Research Center in Senpara Parbata, Mirpur, Dhaka. One of his son, Dr. Abul Bayan M. Naqiyyullah, studied in George Washington University in Washington, DC. Another son Murtaja Baseer is a painter.
Shaidullah received the award of Pride of Performance by the Pakistan government. He was also awarded Chevalier De L’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French government in 1967 for his research on language and literature.
- Badiuzzaman (2012). "Shahidullah, Muhammad". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- University of Rajshahi
- "Remembering a luminary: Bangla Academy celebrates Shahidullah's birth anniversary". The Daily Star. July 2014.