Muhammad Shahidullah

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Muhammad Shahidullah
মুহম্মদ শহীদুল্লাহ
Mohammod Sohidullah.jpg
Muhammad Shahidullah
Born (1885-07-10)10 July 1885
Peyara, 24 Pargana, West Bengal, British India (now in India)
Died 13 July 1969(1969-07-13) (aged 84)
Dacca, East Pakistan (now Dhaka, Bangladesh
Ethnicity Bengali
Education PhD
Alma mater Sorbonne University
University of Calcutta
Religion Islam
Awards Chevalier De L’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (1967)
Independence Day Award (1980)

Muhammad Shahidullah (Bengali: মুহম্মদ শহীদুল্লাহ; popularly known as Doctor Muhômmod Shohidullah and also as Jvantapas[1] (July 10, 1885 – July 13, 1969) was a Bengali educationist, writer, philologist and linguist.[2][3] A dormitory in University of Dhaka is named after him - Shahidullah Hall.

Early life[edit]

Young Muhammad Shahidullah

Shahidullah was born in the village Peyara, 24 Pargana, West Bengal (now in India). His father, Mafizuddin Ahmed, was a warden of a shrine.


Shahidullah passed his school final Entrance exam in 1904 from Howrah Zila School. In 1906 he passed the FA exam from Presidency College, Kolkata. He received the Bachelor of Arts degree with Honors in Sanskrit in 1910 from City College, Kolkata, and Master of Arts in 1912 in Comparative Philology from the University of Calcutta. He earned his PhD degree from Sorbonne University in 1928 for his research on the dialects of the Charyapada.[1] He was the first Indian Muslim to receive this doctorate degree.

Dr. Shahidullah's tomb in Dhaka University campus


Shahidullah had seven sons and two daughters. His third son A.K.M. Zakiyullah established a school named Dr. Shahidullah Gyanpith in Hazi Osman Goni Road, Alu Bazaar in Old Dhaka and a research library named Dr. Shahidullah Memorial Library and Language Research Center in Senpara Parbata, Mirpur, Dhaka. One of his son, Dr. Abul Bayan M. Naqiyyullah, studied in George Washington University in Washington, DC. Another son Murtaja Baseer is a painter.


Shaidullah received the award of Pride of Performance by the Pakistan government. He was also awarded Chevalier De L’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French government in 1967 for his research on language and literature.[1]

See also[edit]