Mullard Award

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Mullard Award
Awarded for made to individuals whose work has the potential to make a contribution to national prosperity
Sponsor Royal Society
Country United Kingdom
First awarded 1967
Official website royalsociety.org/awards/mullard-award/

The Mullard Award is awarded annually by the Royal Society to a person who has "an outstanding academic record in any field of natural science, engineering or technology and whose contribution is currently making or has the potential to make a contribution to national prosperity in Britain."[1] It was established in 1967, and has been awarded to more people at once than any other Royal Society medal, with five individuals receiving the award in 1970.[2] The award is a silver gilt medal, which comes with a £2,000 prize and a £1,500 grant to be used for travel and attending conferences.[1]

List of recipients[edit]

Year Name Rationale Notes
1967 George Douglas Hutton Bell "for the contribution the Proctor barley bred by him had made to agricultural production in the United Kingdom" [3]
1968 Alastair Pilkington "for his outstanding advances in the technology of glass manufacture and, in particular, for his invention and development of the float glass process" [4]
1969 Richard Milroy Clarkson "for his outstanding advances in aircraft design and, in particular, for his conception of the innovations in the Trident and HS125 aircraft" [5]
1970 Stephen William Kenneth Morgan, Stephen Esslement Woods, John Lumsden, Bennett Gregory Perry and Leslie Jack Derham "in recognition of their outstanding contributions to the concept and development of the Imperial Smelting zinc blast furnace process" [6]
1971 Frank Ralph Batchelor, Frank Peter Doyle, John Herbert Charles Naylor and George Newbolt Rolinson "in recognition of their contributions to the development of the semisynthetic penicillins" [7]
1972 William Robert Boon "in recognition of the outstanding role he had played in the discovery and development of the dipyridyl herbicides" [8]
1973 Charles William Oatley "in recognition of his outstanding contribution over an extended period to the design and development of the scanning electron microscope in which he had played a significant and continuing part" [9][10] [11]
1974 Frank Brian Mercer "in recognition of his invention of the Netlon net process — an extrusion process for the manufacture of integral or knotless plastic net — which was of great ingenuity and simplicity with an extremely wide range of applications" [12]
1975 John Bingham "in recognition of his breeding a series of highly successful winter wheat varieties" [13]
1976 George Herbert Hutchings "in recognition of his distinguished contributions to chemotherapy, notably the conception and development of certain synergic drugs" [10]
1977 Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield "in recognition of his conception and development of the computerized transverse axial tomographic X-ray scanning system known commercially as the Emiscanner" [14]
1978 James W. Black "in recognition of his distinguished and major contributions to the discovery of two new and important types of drug — the beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs and the histamine H2 receptor blockers" [13]
1979 Ernest Martin Ellis and Geoffrey Light Wilde "for the design and development of the RB211 turbofan engine" [15]
1980 Edward Penley Abraham "in recognition of his outstanding role in the development of the cephalosporin group of antibiotics" [16]
1981 Michael Elliott, Norman Frank James and David Allen Pulman "in recognition of their development of synthetic pyrethroids, the first generation of which (resmethrin and bioresmethrin) was largely used in domestic insecticides and the second generation, light-stable compounds (permethrin, cypermethrin and decamethrin) was used increasingly worldwide in agricultural pest control" [17][18]
1982 Martin Francis Wood, John Michael Woodgate and Peter Edward Hanley "in recognition of their development, manufacture and marketing of advanced superconducting magnet systems as a result of which they have established Oxford Instruments Ltd as the leading supplier of these systems throughout the world" [citation needed]
1983 John William Fozard and Ralph Spenser Hooper "in recognition of their contribution to the design, development and marketing of the Harrier V/STOL aircraft in its many and various forms, a substantial number of which had been sold overseas" [citation needed]
1984 Clive Marles Sinclair "in recognition of his entrepreneurial and innovative inventions of pocket calculators, personal computers and small television tubes of flat design" [19]
1985 David Kalderon "for his achievements in unifying and standardizing design practices in two of Britains principal turbine building companies, leading to significantly improved and cost-effective manufacturing processes for turbines and extensive worldwide sales of steam turbines of all sizes" [20]
1986 John Bedford Stenlake "for his design and development of Atracurium, a novel skeletal muscle relaxant for use in surgical anaesthesia, first marketed in 1982 and which had now achieved substantial sales in the UK and the USA" [21][22]
1987 Michael Alan Ford "in recognition of his design and development of a series of analytical infrared spectrometers marketed by Perkin-Elmer Ltd" [citation needed]
1988 Ralph Louis Wain "in recognition of his outstanding contribution to plant sciences and selective herbicides, in particular" [23]
1989 David Richard Sweatman Hedgeland "in recognition of his contribution to the technology of digital representation of characters and their processing and output by laser, such as is used in the LASER-COMP system marketed by Monotype International" [24]
1990 Peter Mansfield, John Rowland Mallard & James McDonald Strahan Hutchinson "in recognition of their contribution to the development of novel nuclear imaging methods, particularly nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)" [25]
1991 David Jack & Roy Thomas Brittain "in recognition of their contribution to the discovery and development of drugs acting as adrenergic, histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors, particularly salbutamol, salmeterol, labetalol and ranitidine" [citation needed]
1992 Robert Willian Ernest Shannon "for the development and worldwide exploitation of a magnetic system for the inspection of high-pressure pipelines while still in service" [26]
1993 Allen Hill, Monika Green and Anthony Cass "in recognition of their contribution to the translation of bioelectrochemical research into the successful launch of molecular sensors for medical use" [citation needed]
1994 John White, Brad Amos, Richard Durbin and Michael Fordham (scientist) "in recognition of their development of the MRC-600 series laser-scanning confocal imaging system, an ingenious and innovative means of improving the clarity and definition of microscopes" [27][28][29][30]
1995 Kenneth Richardson "in recognition of his role in the discovery and development of the life-saving antifungal drug, Diflucan" [31]
1996 Ian McKittrick "for their development of a new energy-saving glass" [32]
1997 Patrick Humphrey "in recognition of their development of Sumatriptan and Ondansetron, two effective and novel medicines resulting from research into understanding the role of serotonin in human diseases. Ondansetron was the first highly effective anti-emetic drug used to combat the very severe nausea and vomiting during cancer chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Sumatriptan was the most effective treatment available for migraine and cluster headache" [33][34][35]
1998 Graham Richards "for his work on the development of the methods of computer-aided molecular design, their application and exploitation. Graham Richards was a pioneer of the field; originated several of the techniques now widely used and was the founder of the company in this area of science" [36]
1999 John Rhodes "for his major contribution to microwave component design and realisation, leading to the establishment of Filtronic plc, an emerging global company providing employment, revenue and exports on a rapidly increasing scale achieved through the continuous application of highly innovative scientific and engineering methods" [37]
2000 Martin Sweeting "for his major contribution to the research and development of low-cost, lightweight satellites for diverse missions. This activity led directly to the establishment of the highly successful Surrey Satellite Technonlogy Limited" [38]
2003 Henning Sirringhaus "for his work on plastic semi-conductors and his contributions to the national prosperity of the UK through the spin out company Plastic Logic Ltd" [39]
2004 Jeremy Baumberg "for his work on the properties of meso- and nano-scale physics and technology and his contributions to the national prosperity of the UK through the spin out company Mesophotonics Ltd" [40]
2005 Ben Davis "for his pioneering research into the structure of carbohydrates" [41]
2007 Chris Freeman "for his research into the enzymic latch' mechanism, in which plants absorb pollutants (including carbon dioxide and dissolved chemicals) which then become trapped preventing the re-release of the pollution" [25]
2009 Shankar Balasubramanian "For his inventive new approach to DNA sequencing" [42]

References[edit]

General
Specific
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  2. ^ "Mullard archive winners 1989 - 1967". The Royal Society. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  3. ^ Handley-Taylor, Geoffrey; Ernest Kay (1971). Dictionary of International Biography (7th ed.). International Biographical Centre. p. 92. OCLC 53722295. 
  4. ^ Norberg, Ulla M (1979). Morphology of the Wings, Legs and Tail of Three Coniferous Forest Tits, the Goldcrest, and the Treecreeper in Relation to Locomotor Pattern and Feeding Station Selection. The Royal Society. p. 77. ISBN 0-85403-109-X. 
  5. ^ Who's Who of British Engineers (4 ed.). MacLaren and Sons. 1974. p. 91. 
  6. ^ West, David Richard Frederick; J. E. Harris (1999). Metals and the Royal Society. Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining. p. 84. ISBN 1-86125-028-2. 
  7. ^ McMillan, James (1987). The Way it Changed: 1951-1975. Kimber. p. 174. 
  8. ^ Kennedy, Carol (1986). ICI: The Company that Changed Our Lives. Hutchinson. p. 151. ISBN 0-09-167300-3. 
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  11. ^ doi:10.1046/j.1365-2818.1996.1050648.x
  12. ^ GC & HTJ. Haymarket Publishing. 1981. p. 197. 
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  14. ^ The Radio and Electronic Engineer (46 ed.). Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers. 1977. p. 585. 
  15. ^ Nature (281 ed.). Macmillan Journals. 1979. p. 33. 
  16. ^ The International Who' Who, 1984-85 (48 ed.). Europa Publications. 1984. p. 7. ISBN 0-905118-97-9. 
  17. ^ Report of the Agricultural Research Council. HMSO. 1981. p. 68. ISBN 0-10-200882-5. 
  18. ^ Report of the Rothamsted Experimental Station, Lawes Agricultural Trust Committee (1 ed.). Lawes Agricultural Trust. p. 141. 
  19. ^ The Houghton Mifflin dictionary of biography. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2003. p. 1406. ISBN 0-618-25210-X. 
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  24. ^ "The Monotype Chronicles". Monotype Imaging. Retrieved 2009-03-27. 
  25. ^ a b "Scientist's climate change award". BBC. 28 February 2007. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  26. ^ The Chemical Engineer (524 ed.). Institution of Chemical Engineers. p. 11. 
  27. ^ "University of Cambridge". Admin.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  28. ^ Atiyah, M. (1995). "Address of the President, Sir Michael Atiyah, O.M., Given at the Anniversary Meeting on 30 November 1994". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 49 (1): 141–151. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1995.0010. JSTOR 531890.  edit
  29. ^ "TCSS Trinity College Science Society - Prof Harry Kroto FRS". Trin.cam.ac.uk. 2006-10-19. Retrieved 2009-05-23. [dead link]
  30. ^ http://www.union.wisc.edu/ceneuro/CEN%20Orals.pdf
  31. ^ Atiyah, M.; Rotblat, J.; Jacobs, P. A. (1996). "Address of the President, Sir Michael Atiyah, O.M., Given at the Anniversary Meeting on 30 November 1995". Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 50 (1): 101–113. doi:10.1098/rsnr.1996.0009. JSTOR 531844.  edit
  32. ^ Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research (56 ed.). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. 1997. p. 795. 
  33. ^ "Oxford Brookes University: Medical Video Archive: Professor Patrick Humphrey". Oxford, England: Oxford Brookes University. 6 August 1997. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  34. ^ Williams, Lynne (12 September 1997). "Awards". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  35. ^ Stoschitzky, K.; Klein, W.; Lindner, W. (1997). "Time to reassess chiral aspects of β-adrenoceptor antagonists Clinical evidence for harmful effects of the non-β-blocking d-enantiomers". Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 18 (9): 306–307. doi:10.1016/S0165-6147(97)90649-0. PMID 9345845.  edit
  36. ^ "Oxford Life Science Modelling (OLSM)". University of Oxford. Retrieved 2009-04-13. [dead link]
  37. ^ Thai, Herb; Paul Eitner (2003). IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium digest (1 ed.). Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. p. 1. ISBN 0-7803-7695-1. 
  38. ^ Swain, Harriet (15 September 2000). "Glittering prizes". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  39. ^ Yeates, Harry (20 May 2005). "A passion for plastic". Electronics Weekly. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  40. ^ "Nanotechnology expert honoured by Royal Society". University of Southampton. 22 November 2004. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  41. ^ "The Ben Davis Group - In the News". University of Oxford. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
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