Mycobacterium gilvum

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Mycobacterium gilvum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Suborder: Corynebacterineae
Family: Mycobacteriaceae
Genus: Mycobacterium
Species: M. gilvum
Binomial name
Mycobacterium gilvum
Stanford and Gunthorpe 1971, ATCC 43909

Mycobacterium gilvum is a species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and cytosine content, one of the dominant phyla of all bacteria), belonging to the genus mycobacterium.

Etymology: gilvum, Latin for pale yellow.

Description[edit]

Pleomorphic gram-positive, nonmotile and acid-fast rods.

Colony characteristics

Physiology

Differential characteristics

  • 5 species-specific antigens, demonstrable in immunodiffusion tests.

Pathogenesis[edit]

Type strain[edit]

First isolated from sputum and pleura fluid (London). Strain ATCC 43909 = CCUG 37676 = CIP 106743 = DSM 44503 = JCM 6395 = NCTC 10742.

References[edit]

  • Stanford,J., G. Gunthorpe. 1971. A study of some fast-growing scotochromogenic mycobacteria including species descriptions of Mycobacterium gilvum (new species) and Mycobacterium duvalii (new species). British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 52, 627-637.] PMID 5002706