Mycobacterium vanbaalenii

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Mycobacterium vanbaalenii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Suborder: Corynebacterineae
Family: Mycobacteriaceae
Genus: Mycobacterium
Species: M. vanbaalenii
Binomial name
Mycobacterium vanbaalenii
Khan et al. 2002, DSM 7251

Mycobacterium vanbaalenii is a rapidly growing mycobacterium that can use polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. It was first isolated from petroleum-contaminated estuarine sediments and has been shown by 16S rRNA gene sequencing to be closely related to Mycobacterium aurum and Mycobacterium vaccae. M. vanbaalenii has potential use in the bioremediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contaminated environmental sites. Etymology: vanbaalenii of Van Baalen, in memory of Dr Chase Van Baalen, late Professor at The University of Texas Marine Science Institute, Port Aransas Marine Laboratory, Port Aransas, TX, USA.

Description[edit]

Microscopy

  • Gram-positive, acid-fast rods (1.4 um long and 0.7 um wide)

Colony characteristics

  • Colonies are smooth and saffron yellow.

Physiology

Pathogenesis[edit]

  • First isolated from an environmental source, not known to be pathogenic.

Type strain[edit]

  • Strain PYR-1 = DSM 7251 = JCM 13017 = NRRL B-24157.

References[edit]

  • Khan A.A., 2002. Classification of a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-metabolizing bacterium, Mycobacterium sp. strain PYR-1, as Mycobacterium vanbaalenii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 52, 1997-2002. PMID 12508859