National Rally of Independents

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National Rally of Independents
President Salaheddine Mezouar
Founder Ahmed Osman
Founded 1978; 36 years ago (1978)
Headquarters Rabat
Ideology Liberalism[1]
Political position Centre-right[2][3]
International affiliation Liberal International (observer)
Colors Sky blue, white
House of Representatives
52 / 395
House of Councillors
0 / 270
Website
www.rni.ma
Politics of Morocco
Political parties
Elections

The National Rally of Independents (Arabic: التجمع الوطني للأحرار‎, Berber: Agraw anamur n ilelliyen (GNL), French: Rassemblement National des Indépendants) is a political party in Morocco.

History and profile[edit]

The party was founded in 1978[4] by former Prime Minister Ahmed Osman, brother-in-law of King Hassan II.

The establishment united independent politicians favoured by the palace and used by the administration to counter the parties that were critical of the king and his government. Later, it became an ordinary party without a special role in Morocco's multi-party system. It was succeeded by the Constitutional Union as the palace's favourite party.[5]

In the parliamentary election held on 27 September 2002, the party won 41 out of 325 seats. In the next parliamentary election, held on 7 September 2007, the RNI won 39 out of 325 seats.[6] The RNI was included in the government of Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi, formed on 15 October 2007.[7]

The party won 52 out of 325 seats in the parliamentary election held in November 2011, being the third party in the parliament.[8]

Prominent members[edit]

  • Ahmed Osman, founder
  • Salaheddine Mezouar, government minister (2007-2012) and current Secretary General of the party.
  • Moncef Belkhayat, government minister (2009-2012)
  • Amina Benkhadra, government minister (2007-2012)
  • Yassir Znagui, government minister (2010-2011), left the party in late 2011 after being nominated by the King to join the Royal cabinet as an adviser.
  • Aziz Akhannouch, government minister currently in office (2007-). Left the party in 2 January 2012 in order to participate in Abdelilah Benkirane's government as an independent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ حزب التجمع الوطني للأحرار Al Jazeera. 6 September 2007. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  2. ^ Souad Mekhennet; Maia de la Baume (26 November 2011). "Moderate Islamist Party Winning Morocco Election". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Socialists set to win Morocco poll". BBC News. 30 September 2002. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "Moroccan Political Parties". Riad Reviews. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Bernabé López García (2013), "Morocco: regime and fuse", Political Regimes in the Arab World: Society and the Exercise of Power (Routledge): 102 
  6. ^ "Moroccans favor conservative party instead of ushering in Islamic party", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 9 September 2007.
  7. ^ "Le roi nomme un nouveau gouvernement après des tractations difficiles", AFP, 15 October 2007 (French).
  8. ^ "Morocco". European Forum. Retrieved 10 October 2014.