Navin Ramgoolam

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The Honourable
Navin Ramgoolam
GCSK MP FRCP
Navin Ramgoolam 2014.png
Prime Minister of Mauritius
In office
5 July 2005 – 17 December 2014
President Anerood Jugnauth
Kailash Purryag
Preceded by Paul Bérenger
Succeeded by Anerood Jugnauth
In office
27 December 1995 – 11 September 2000
President Cassam Uteem
Preceded by Anerood Jugnauth
Succeeded by Anerood Jugnauth
Leader of the Opposition
In office
11 September 2000 – 4 July 2005
Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth
Paul Bérenger
Preceded by Anerood Jugnauth
Succeeded by Paul Bérenger
In office
15 September 1991 – 20 December 1995
Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth
Preceded by Prem Nababsing
Succeeded by Anerood Jugnauth
Personal details
Born Navinchandra Ramgoolam
(1947-07-14) 14 July 1947 (age 67)
Port Louis, Mauritius
Political party Labour Party
Spouse(s) Veena Brizmohun (1979–present)
Parents Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
Sushil Ramgoolam
Residence Clarisse House
Alma mater National University of Ireland
London School of Economics
Inns of Court School of Law
Religion Hinduism
Signature
Website Government website

Navinchandra Ramgoolam, GCSK, MP, FRCP (born: 14 July 1947) is a former Prime Minister of Mauritius.[1] Ramgoolam is the leader of the Labour Party. He was appointed Leader of the Opposition from 1991 to 1995. He served as Prime Minister for the first time in December 1995 until September 2000 and became Leader of the Opposition again from October 2000 to 4 July 2005. On 5 July 2005, he became Prime Minister of Mauritius and after being re-elected in 2010, Ramgoolam sworn into office for a second term on 6 May 2010. He also occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of Mauritius. In 2014 the General Election, his alliance won only 13 seats out of 60, which included 9 members of the MMM and only 4 members of the Labour party. As the leader of the Labour Party, Navin Ramgoolam was not elected in his constituency. On 13 December 2014, he resigned as the Prime Minister of Mauritius.

Early life and education[edit]

Navin Ramgoolam was born on 14 July 1947, he attended the Royal College Curepipe from 1960 to 1968 and proceeded to study medicine in Ireland between 1968 and 1975, where he obtained the LRCP&SI licenciates from the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland and the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. He worked at Monaghan Hospital (Ireland) in 1976, and was an intern at St Lawrence’s Hospital (Dublin, Ireland) between 1975 and 1976. Ramgoolam worked in different private hospitals in the United Kingdom, with a short stint at A.G. Jeetoo Hospital in Port Louis, Mauritius from 1976 to 1977. He was a clinical assistant in cardiology at the University College Hospital in London from 1977 to 1981. Ramgoolam was also a senior medical doctor at the Amersham General Hospital, Buckinghamshire (UK), from 1981 to 1982. From 1982 to 1985, he worked as a medical doctor at the Yorkshire Clinic in West Yorkshire (UK). After his father's death in December 1985, Ramgoolam was on the point of immigrating to Canada when Sir Satcam Boolell (then leader of Labour Party) and Paul Berenger convinced him to come back to Mauritius and to fight and win the leadership of the party. He subsequently served as a medical doctor at Dr A.G Jeetoo Hospital in Mauritius from 1985 to 1987. In 1987, he started his law studies at The London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London. Upon completion of his LLB degree in 1990, he returned to Mauritius to face the electorate as the new leader of the Labour party in the 1991 general election. After a heavy election loss in 1991, he took leave as leader of the opposition and returned to London where he went on to complete his law vocational course at Inns of Court School of Law. He was called to United Kingdom Bar, Inner Temple in 1993.

2014 Elections[edit]

In 2014, the Labour Party made a coalition with the main opposition party Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM), the coalition proposed to amend the constitution to have a Second Republic where the President which is currently ceremonial will have more important role. Ramgoolam call an early elections in December 2014, which he said is also a referendum for the Second Republic. The proposal was that if his alliance win the elections and have three quarter or more of the seats in the National Assembly, he will amend the Constitution to make Mauritius a second Republic and will then compete in the Presidential election while the leader of the Mauritian Militant Movement Paul Berenger will become the Prime Minister.

For the 2014 election, the Militant Socialist Movement (MSM), the Mauritian Social Democrat Party (PMSD) both parties recently break their coalition with the two respective main parties and a new party called Mouvement Liberateur, formed by a former member of the MMM made a coalition called Alliance Lepep which compete for the 2014 General Elections. Alliance Lepep was vehemently against the proposal of the Second Republic. Alliance Lepep won the 2014 General Elections, winning 47 seats out of 60. The alliance of the Labour Party and MMM won only 13 seats, which included 9 members of the MMM and only 4 members of the Labour party. While the leader of the MMM was elected, the leader of the Labour Party Navin Ramgoolam was not elected in his constituency. On 12 December 2014, he resigned as the Prime Minister of Mauritius.

Honours[edit]

Ramgoolam has received several accolades and honours. In 1998 he was made an Honorary Fellow of the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), Dr Honoris Causa by the University of Mauritius, Dr Honoris Causa from Aligarh Muslim University, India and Dr Honoris Causa by the Jawaharlal Nehru University, India in October 2005. Other awards he attained are the Grand Officier de la Legion d’Honneur from France in March 2006, the Honorary Freeman of Rodrigues from Rodrigues Regional Assembly in March 2007, The Wilberforce Medal from Wilberforce Lecture Trust, Hull, United Kingdom in June 2007, The Rajiv Gandhi Award from Mumbai Regional Congress Committee, India in August 2007, The Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award from Government of the Republic of India in January 2008 as well as Grand Commander of the Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean (GCSK) from the Government of the Republic of Mauritius in March 2008. In Paris, Ramgoolam received the Prix Louise Michel, awarded generally each year to a high personality in recognition of his or her outstanding contribution in the political field. He was made Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) by the Padmashree Dr D. Y. Patil University, Mumbai, India in February 2009, Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (FRCP) of the Royal College of Physicians, London in May 2009, Honorary Doctor by Staffordshire University, United Kingdom in July 2010, Order of the Rule of Law by the World Jurist Association, Bethesda, Maryland, USA in April 2011, Overseas Bencher by the Inner Temple, United Kingdom in April 2011 and Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) by the Kurukshetra University, Haryana, India in February 2012.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Navin Ramgoolam is the son of Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam who was the sixth Governor General of Mauritius, as well as the first Chief Minister and Prime Minister of Mauritius. His mother is Lady Sushil Ramgoolam (1922-1984). Navin is married to Veena Ramgoolam (née Brizmohun).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Notes Biographiques" (in French). Labour Party. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "CURRICULUM VITAE". Government of Mauritius. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Anerood Jugnauth
Prime Minister of Mauritius
1995–2000
Succeeded by
Anerood Jugnauth
Preceded by
Paul Bérenger
Prime Minister of Mauritius
2005–2015