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Neo-primitivism was a Russian art movement which took its name from the book Neo-primitivizm (1913), by Aleksandr Shevchenko. In the book Shevchenko proposes a new style of modern painting which fuses elements of Cézanne, Cubism and Futurism with traditional Russian 'folk art' conventions and motifs, notably the russian icon and the lubok.
Neo-primitivism in the West is also used as a wider term to describe the work of artists/philosophers who aspire to the ideology or aesthetic of primitivism. As a modern art form, neo-primitivism is a radical and influential movement within the realm of body modification. As a political/social movement, neo-primitivism is commonly associated with the author/philosopher John Zerzan, and is closely linked, often interchangeably, with the Neo-tribalism movement.
Russian artists associated with Neo-primitivism include:
- David Burlyuk
- Marc Chagall
- Pavel Filonov
- Natalia Goncharova
- Mikhail Larionov
- Kasimir Malevich
- Aleksandr Shevchenko
- Igor Stravinsky