New York Mining Disaster 1941

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"New York Mining Disaster 1941"
Single by Bee Gees
from the album Bee Gees' 1st
B-side "I Can't See Nobody"[1]
Released 14 April 1967
Format 7", 45rpm
Recorded 13, 16 March 1967
IBC Studios, London
Genre Beat, psychedelic rock, blues rock
Length 2:09
Label Polydor (United Kingdom, Canada)
Atco (United States, Mexico)
Spin (Australia, New Zealand)
Writer(s) Barry Gibb, Robin Gibb
Producer(s) Robert Stigwood, Ossie Byrne
Bee Gees singles chronology
"Born a Man"
(1967)
"New York Mining Disaster 1941"
(1967)
"To Love Somebody"
(1967)
Bee Gees' 1st track listing
Music sample

"New York Mining Disaster 1941" is a 1967 song by the Bee Gees, written by Barry and Robin Gibb. Barring a moderately successful reissue of their Australian single "Spicks and Specks", it was the first single release of the group's international career and their first song to hit the charts in the US[2] or UK. The song was released on 14 April 1967. It was produced by Ossie Byrne with their manager Robert Stigwood as Executive Producer. The song was the first track of side two on the group's international debut album Bee Gees' 1st. This was the first single with Australian drummer Colin Petersen as an official member of the band.

Background and writing[edit]

On 3 January 1967, the Gibb brothers with their parents and Byrne set sail for England, aboard the ship Fairsky, reaching Southampton on 6 February, while the brothers performed on board in exchange for passage. Later, the Gibb brothers auditioned for Stigwood and they passed and signed to Robert Stigwood Organisation on 24 February. "New York Mining Disaster 1941" was the first song that was written in 1967.[3]

The first recording session of the Bee Gees after returning to England was a second version of "Town of Tuxley Toymaker, Part 1", a song recorded by Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas, but was first recorded by Jon Blanchfield in Australia. Kramer's version was recorded on 4 March 1967 in IBC Studios, London, with the Gibb brothers on background vocals.[3]

Also in March, Polydor Studio was just a room in the offices that had been converted in January that year to a small studio only for demo recordings. The first song recorded was "New York Mining Disaster 1941" in a four-track recording. The personnel consisted of Barry on vocals and guitar, Robin on vocals and organ, Maurice on bass, piano, guitar and vocals and Petersen on drums. But later, guitarist Vince Melouney joined the group. The session was engineered by Carlos Olms and produced by Robert Stigwood.[3]

Barry and Robin Gibb wrote the song when they were sitting on a darkened staircase at Polydor Records following a power cut. The echo of the passing lift inspired them to imagine that they were trapped in a mine.[4] The song recounts the story of a miner trapped in a cave-in. He is sharing a photo of his wife with a colleague ("Mr. Jones") while they hopelessly wait to be rescued.[5] According to the liner notes for their box-set Tales from the Brothers Gibb (1990), this song was inspired by the 1966 Aberfan mining disaster in Wales.

In the second and third verses, the lyrical lines get slower and slower, as if to indicate that life is about to end for the miners. According to Robin, there actually had also been a mining disaster in New York 1939, but not in 1941.[6] On the second chorus, the drums get louder. On the second verse, when Robin sings the line I keep straining my ears to hear a sound, a violin was featured in response on Robin's line.

Recording and composition[edit]

1967 sheet music cover, Abigail Music, Ltd., London. "Recorded by the Bee Gees on Polydor".

On 7 March, the Bee Gees recorded "New York Mining Disaster 1941" in six takes, along with three other songs: "I Can't See Nobody", "Red Chair, Fade Away" and "Turn of the Century". The orchestra and some other parts were added on 13 March.[3] "New York Mining Disaster 1941" was done first, and it may have already been nominated as the first single on the strength of the Polydor demo. However, this version was not released until 2006. The other three songs were released, with later additions.[4]

The song begins in the chord of A minor; as Maurice explained: "There's a lot of weird sounds on this song like the Jew's harp, the string quartet, and of course the special way that Barry plays that guitar chord. Because of his tuning when he plays the minor at the beginning of the song which is different from a conventional A minor, it's a nice mixture when I play my conventional tuning together with Barry's tuning because his open D and mine are different". Barry said, "It's Hawaiian tuning, there they play the same way I do. I got a guitar for my ninth birthday and the guy who lived across the road from us just came back from Hawaii and he was the one who taught me that tuning, that's how it started and I never changed".[6]

Robin Gibb took both leading and backing vocals, singing the high harmony while Barry sang the low harmony on the first and second verse:

Maurice Gibb recalled in a June 2001 interview with Mojo magazine: "The opening chord doesn't sound like a conventional A minor. Barry was using the open D tuning he'd been taught when he was nine, and I was playing it in conventional tuning. It gives an unusual blend. People went crazy trying to figure out why they couldn't copy it."[4]

Robin Gibb recalled to The Mail on Sunday on November 1, 2009: "We recorded this at London's IBC studio because it was dark and emulated a mining shaft. The result was a very lonely sound."[4]

Release and reception[edit]

At the time, rumours circulated that the Bee Gees were The Beatles recording under a pseudonym (the Bee Gees' name was supposedly code for "Beatles Group"), in part because the record referenced NEMS Enterprises (Brian Epstein's management agency, which had just been joined by Bee Gees' manager Robert Stigwood). The song is unusual in that the lyrics do not contain the song's title, though the originally planned title, "Have You Seen My Wife, Mr. Jones", does appear in the chorus.[2] Atco distributed promos with a blank label and the suggestion that it was an English group whose name started with B. Many DJs thought it was a new Beatles song and played the song heavily. Atco also retitled the song "New York Mining Disaster 1941 (Have You Seen My Wife, Mr. Jones?)" to make sure people could find it in the shops.[3][7]

Beatles lead guitarist George Harrison met Maurice Gibb at a party several years later, and told him that he had bought a copy of "New York Mining Disaster 1941" because he thought it sounded so much like The Beatles. Maurice's response to Harrison was that the resemblance "was unintentional" and Harrison said, "I knew that, I admire your work".[8] Barry Gibb explained about this song:

"If you sounded like the Beatles and also could write a hit single, then the hype of the machine would go into action, and your company would make sure people thought you sounded like the Beatles or thought you were the Beatles. And that sold you, attracted attention to you. It was good for us because everyone thought it was the Beatles under a different name."[8]

Robin Gibb explained about this track:

"And all the DJs on radio stations in the US picked it up immediately thinking it was the Beatles, and it was a hit on that basis. It established us in those early years. It helped our following record which was nothing like the Beatles.[8]

The success of this song owes a lot more to the perseverance of Robert Stigwood than he has previously been given credit for. "We had quite a hard time at getting the Bee Gees played. We weren't all totally convinced that Stigwood was picking the right song to plug, but at the end of the day, he was a forceful character. All of these guys were... Chas Chandler (manager of Jimi Hendrix) was the same, Kit Lambert (manager of The Who) was the same. They all argued their case with passion, you know, they lived it, they were like that," conceded Polydor's Alan Bates. When the Disc & Music Echo reported "widespread rumours" that this song had been written by Lennon and McCartney, Robin countered with, "Rubbish! We've always written our own songs. I've been writing since I was ten, before Lennon and McCartney were even on stage. People can say what they like. If they don't believe us, they can ask The Beatles.".

Bassist Maurice Gibb, though, had previously said that "New York Mining Disaster 1941" was in fact influenced by the Beatles:[8]

"New York Mining Disaster 1941" was a total rip-off of The Beatles, we were so influenced by them. In fact it started a mystery [in the USA] about us, because they started playing [it] and saying, 'They're this new group from England that begins with a B and finished with an s' so they all said, 'Ah, it's The Beatles, not naming it, they're doing that trick again.' The disc jockey would play it and play it and play it and, 'Guess who it is?' and people would guess, and they wouldn't get the answer. I heard [the idea] came actually from Ahmet Ertegun and Jerry Wexler. To us it was an honour, to actually think we were as good as The Beatles".[8]

Music video and live performances[edit]

On the video, the band only features four members (but Vince Melouney later joined the band), Barry playing his guitar, Maurice playing his Rickenbacker 4001, Robin Gibb on vocals and drummer Colin Petersen wears a hat.[9]

The group found time to record their first BBC session at Playhouse Theatre, Northumberland Avenue, London, with producer Bill Bebb, on which they performed this song, with the songs "In My Own Time", "One Minute Woman" and "Cucumber Castle". When the BBC light Programme's Saturday Club presented by Brian Matthew was broadcast on April 22, it was noted that there were "rave reviews from the audition panel."[8] On the song's promotional clip, the band only feature four members (the three Gibb brothers and drummer Colin Petersen) The group (Barry, Robin, Maurice, Colin and Vince) made their first British TV appearance on Top of the Pops performing this song on May 11 and were rather awe-struck at the company they were keeping.[8] On 20 May 1967, the group performed this song on Beat-Club, a German TV program.

The Bee Gees performed this song on 21 July 1967 at the Stockholm Palladium, Stockholm, Sweden., 12 August 1967 at The Civic Hall, Wolverhampton, England and Christ the King College at Newport, England in 27 September 1967. Since 1967, the song has been part of every Bee Gees concert, eventually becoming part of their acoustic medley performed during the middle of the concert. It was also performed on the show Beat-Club in Germany, on that performance Robin wears a hat and plays violin.[10] It was performed by the group in 1973 on The Midnight Special with Barry and Maurice on rhythm guitar.[11]

Personnel[edit]

Chart positions[edit]

Charts (1967) Peak
position
UK Singles Chart 12
United States Billboard Hot 100 14
South African Charts 2
West German Media Control Charts 10
Canadian RPM 100 Top Singles Chart 34
French SNEP Singles Chart 31
Australia ARIA Singles Chart 11
New Zealand RIANZ Singles Chart 3
Netherlands Dutch Top 40 Charts 3[12]

Legacy[edit]

The 1969 David Bowie song "Space Oddity" owes a debt to the style, arrangement and lyrics of "New York Mining Disaster 1941". Like "New York Mining Disaster 1941", "Space Oddity" is about a trapped man who is doomed to die, and the song is similarly structured as a series of statements addressed to another person. "Space Oddity was a Bee Gees type song," Bowie’s colleague John "Hutch" Hutchinson has said. "David knew it, and he said so at the time, the way he sang it, it’s a Bee Gees thing."[13] As Marc Bolan explained: "I remember David playing me 'Space Oddity' in his room and I loved it and he said he needed a sound like the Bee Gees, who were very big then". Paul McCartney said: "It was the 'Mining Disaster' song that [Robert Stigwood] played me. I said 'sign them, they're great!'. And they went on to be even greater".[14]

Cover versions[edit]

  • Ashton, Gardner and Dyke recorded a version of this song for their self-titled debut album from 1969.
  • The Sorrows recorded this song in early 1969 as part of a demo album that was prepared before the release of their second album Old Songs New Songs; however, the song remained unreleased until it was included in a two-CD reissue of that album by Wooden Hill in 2009.
  • David Essex recorded another version of this song for his 1993 covers album Cover Shot.
  • British anarchist band Chumbawamba recorded a "minimalist" version for their 2000 album, WYSIWYG.
  • The Levellers covered the song as a B-side to their single Bozos.
  • It has also been performed by folksinger Martin Carthy.
  • In 2008 singer songwriter Trevor Tanner released a version entitled Mr. Jones on his album Eaten By The Sea.
  • In 2011 Australian bush punk act Handsome Young Strangers covered the song as a B-side to their single Sweet As A Nut and then included it on their album Here's The Thunder Lads!.
  • Mark Newman recorded a version of "New York Mining Disaster, 1941" on his cd, "Must Be A Pony" on Danal Music in 2006.
  • The Catalina Scramblers, a three-piece rock band from Santa Cruz, CA, recorded a version of the song in which they adhere to the original version's style for the verses, but perform the choruses in up-tempo, hard rock fashion. It was released as the final track on their eponymous debut album in 2012.
  • Barclay James Harvest "deconstructed" the song in 1974 with a reworked version referencing leading figures in the 1974 UK mining strike. The song was retitled "The Great 1974 Mining Disaster".[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bee Gees - New York Mining Disaster 1941". Discogs. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Show 49 - The British are Coming! The British are Coming!: With an emphasis on Donovan, the Bee Gees and the Who. (Part 6)". Unt Digital Library. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Brennan, Joseph. "Gibb Songs: 1967". Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d "New York Mining Disaster 1941 (Songfacts)". Songfacts. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Elias, Jason. "Bee Gees - New York Mining Disaster 1941". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Adriaensen, Marion. "History Part 4 - The story about the Bee Gees". Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "The Bee Gees on British Invasion Bands". British Invasion. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Hughes, Andrew. The Bee Gees - Tales Of The Brothers Gibb. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Bee Gees - New York Mining Disaster 1941 (1967)". You Tube. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "Bee Gees - New York Mining Disaster 1941 Live in Beat Club". You Tube. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Bee Gees - New York Mining Disaster - live, 1973". You Tube. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "New York Mining Disaster 1941" (in Dutch). Dutchcharts. 1967. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "David Bowie - Space Oddity". Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "Bee Gees". 14.brinkster.com. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  15. ^ "The Great 1974 Mining Disaster by Barclay James Harvest Songfacts". Songfacts.com. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 

External links[edit]