Barry Gibb

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Barry Gibb
CBE
Barry Gibb (Bee Gees) - TopPop 1973 3.png
Barry Gibb in 1973
Background information
Birth name Barry Alan Crompton Gibb[1][2]
Also known as Johnny Hayes
Born (1946-09-01) 1 September 1946 (age 68)
Douglas, Isle of Man
Origin Manchester, Lancashire, England
Genres Rock, psychedelic rock,[3] baroque pop,[4] disco,[5] country
Occupation(s) Musician, singer-songwriter, record producer
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Years active 1955–present
Labels Polydor, Atco, MCA
Associated acts The Rattlesnakes, Bee Gees
Website barrygibb.com

Barry Alan Crompton Gibb, CBE (born 1 September 1946) is a musician, singer, songwriter, and record producer who rose to worldwide fame as a founder member of the Bee Gees, one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed groups in the history of popular music. With his brothers, Robin and Maurice, he formed a songwriting partnership from 1966.

Born in Isle of Man,[6] and raised in Manchester where he became involved in the skiffle craze, forming his first band, the Rattlesnakes, which evolved into the Bee Gees in 1960 when they moved to Redcliffe, Queensland, Australia.[7] They returned to England where they achieved worldwide fame. He was also known for his high-pitched falsetto singing voice. Gibb shares the record with John Lennon and Sir Paul McCartney for consecutive Billboard Hot 100 number ones as a writer with six. Guinness World Records lists Gibb as the second most successful songwriter in history behind Sir Paul McCartney.[8]

Gibb's career has spanned over fifty years. In 1994, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame with his brothers. In 1997, as a member of the Bee Gees, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and received the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. Barry is a fellow of the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors.[9]

Biography[edit]

1946–54: Early years[edit]

Further information: Hugh Gibb

Gibb was born in Jane Crookall Maternity Home at Douglas, Isle of Man to Hugh, an English drummer of Scottish descent, and Barbara Gibb (née Pass) of Irish and Scottish descent.[10] He has an older sister, Lesley Evans. He was named Barry Alan Crompton Gibb after his father's youngest brother Alan, who died in infancy. According to Hugh, in a mix of fact and fiction, the third name was given to Barry to honor the Gibbs' illustrious ancestor, Isaac Crompton. When Gibb was born, his father was busy with his music working at various hotels in Douglas, while his mother stayed at home looking after the children. Later, the Gibbs moved to Chapel House on Strang Road. When he was almost two years old, he was badly burned. His mother had just made tea which she had put on the table; he climbed up and pulled the tea pot down and got the tea all over him. He was in Nobles Hospital for about two-and-a-half months.

In 1949, the Gibb family relocated to 50 St. Catherine's Drive. Later on 22 December, his two younger brothers Robin and Maurice were born. When the twins were young, they moved to Smedley Cottage, Spring Valley, also in Douglas.[11] Gibb started school on 4 September 1951, three days after his fifth birthday, attending Braddan school. In 1952, the Gibb family relocated to 43 Snaefell Road, Willaston, which became their home for the next two years. The same year, he went to Tynwald Street Infants School. On his seventh birthday in 1953, he went to Desmesne Road Boys School.

1955–2012: The Rattlesnakes to the Bee Gees[edit]

1955–58: Formation, Australian days and songwriting career[edit]

In 1955, Gibb formed the skiffle group, the Rattlesnakes. Consisted of himself on vocals and guitar, Robin and Maurice on vocals and friends/neighbors Paul Frost and Kenny Horrocks also providing vocals. By 1957, the Rattlesnakes played numbers with songs by Cliff Richard. Paul Anka and The Everly Brothers. Gibb himself said that their first song ever played was Paul Anka's "I Love You, Baby", however in 1968, he remembered it as the Everly Brothers' "Wake Up Little Susie". The Rattlesnakes' first professional gig happened on 28 December 1957 in Gaumont Cinema. Around 1958, Gibb's guitar was accidentally broke by Frost, while Frost himself described the incident as "broken in the middle".[11] By May 1958 when the Gibbs moved in Northern Grove it signaled the departure of Frost and Horrocks. The brothers later change the name of the group to Wee Johnny Hayes and the Blue Cats, under that name, they performed regularly in Minor 15, a talent contest for under-fifteen held on Thursday nights from 7:00 to 9:00 PM at Princess Club in Chorlton.[11]

At the beginning of August 1958, the Gibb family set sail for Australia from Southampton the boat is called Fairsea. Also aboard was Red Symons future guitarist of Skyhooks as well as parents of Kylie Minogue.[12] They later changed their name to Bee Gees. In 1959, the brothers began singing at the Redcliffe Speedway between races to earn money, their vocal talent brought them to the attention of Bill Gates, a radio deejay. Gates also interested on Gibb's original material including "Let Me Love You" and "(Underneath the) Starlight of Love". After hearing those songs, Gates asked him for more original material for the tape. Gibb quit school in September 1961 and the Gibbs moved to the Surfers Paradise. The brothers spent the summer of 1961 and 1962 performing at hotels and clubs in the Gold Coast area. By September 1962, Gibb managed to audition songs to Col Joye. And the Gibb family finally moved in Sydney at the start of 1963.[13]

Around the same time, the Bee Gees were signed to Festival but they were assigned to Leedon. Their first single, "The Battle of the Blue and the Grey" was written by Gibb himself. The Bee Gees' original singles from 1963 to 1966 is written by Gibb. While between 1963 and 1966, Gibb's songs were recorded by numerous Australian recording artists including Trevor Gordon, Michelle Rae, Noeleen Batley, Bip Addison, Sandy Summers, Anne Shelton, April Byron, Ronnie Burns, Lori Balmer, Barrington Davis, Jenene and Jon.[14] One of them is his composition "One Road" hit No. 2 in New South Wales Chart (Australia) for Jimmy Little in 1964. And his another composition "I Just Don't Like to Be Alone" by Bryan Davies hit No. 25 also in New South Wales Chart in 1964.[15]

Returning in England, commercial break-out and worldwide popularity[edit]

The Bee Gees returned in England in early 1967. On 24 February, the group passed a live audition with Robert Stigwood and later signed to Robert Stigwood Organization also the same day that "Spicks and Specks" was released by Polydor as a single in England. Stigwood became the manager of the Bee Gees. Colin Petersen and Vince Melouney later joined the band as drummer and lead guitarist. The result was their first international LP Bee Gees' 1st which featured three singles. The second single "To Love Somebody" (on which Gibb provided the lead vocal) has become a standard song as covered by hundreds of artists consistently throughout the years since. Around the same time, the Gibb brothers contributed backing vocals on the track "Cowman, Milk Your Cow", a song written by Gibb and Robin. The guitar work is by Peter Green of Fleetwood Mac.[16] At the end of 1967, fame was taking its toll and the group were at odds with each other. At the start of 1968, the Gibbs were vying for influence in determining the musical direction of the group, creating tension in the studio and on stage. Also in 1968, to promote Horizontal the group made their first appearance on US television on The Smothers Brothers Show as well as The Ed Sullivan Show. The group later filmed a TV special Frankie Howerd Meets the Bee Gees with Frankie Howerd.[11] His 1968 composition "Only One Woman" (UK #5) was the Marbles' most successful single up to date.

In 1969, the Bee Gees released "First of May" as the A-side, with the flip side being "Lamplight" on which Robin sang the lead. Robert Stigwood chose "First of May" to be the A-side. No other songs were released from the album Odessa. Shortly after Robin announced his solo plans, the Bee Gees released their first single without him, "Tomorrow Tomorrow". Barry also worked with Samantha Sang, co-writing and producing two songs "The Love of a Woman" and "Don't Let It Happen Again". He also produced songs for P.P. Arnold including "Bury Me Down By the River", which were originally recorded by the Bee Gees for their 1970 album. In the summer of 1969, drummer Colin Petersen left the group which now only featured Barry and Maurice as the Bee Gees. Pentangle drummer Terry Cox replaced Petersen to complete another 12 songs, but only five songs were released in the album.[17]

The film Cucumber Castle, featuring only two Bee Gees, although the film was originally included Petersen. When the group announced that they had split at the start of December 1969, he spent writing songs in January 1970 to record it on the following month.[18]

Solo work and return[edit]

Gibb performing on Dutch television programme TopPop in 1973

In February 1970, he started to record his first solo album, The Kid's No Good; he released his first solo single, "I'll Kiss Your Memory", but the rest of the songs that were supposed to be on the album were never released. In April 1970 the album Cucumber Castle was released four months after the break-up, featuring only Barry and Maurice, as Robin was working on his solo career.[19] For the first time as a solo artist, he appeared on the panel of judges and performed "One Bad Thing" and "The Day Your Eyes Meet Mine" on Miss Teen Princess of the World pageant in Germany, his reaction was "I've not appeared on stage for at least a year and three months, and I really miss people". In July 1970, Gibb traveled to Australia to act as compere for Go-Set, and on that occasion, he gave an interview on the magazine which revealed that sixteen months after the Bee Gees' break-up, but he was still not ready to argue with his brothers, "Obviously, we're still brothers, but we are no longer as a group".[11]

"One Bad Thing", which he considered as the second single from his debut album and Atco pressed some copies of it,[20] and was distributed to the radio stations in Canada and elsewhere but was not continued and it was decided to focus on a new Bee Gees release (in favor of the Bee Gees' reunion single "Lonely Days") and was released around August.[19] Gibb claimed that had not only had he been focusing on writing and recording songs, but he has still hoped to be an actor, "I have already had offers to play different parts but without appearing swell headed, I haven't found the right part yet".[11]

In August, the Bee Gees would reunite and record together again, writing "Lonely Days" and "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" at their first reunion session.[19] Two of Gibb's singles were omitted after the group had reunited, "The Day Your Eyes Meet Mine" was withdrawn at the last minute in the US while Polydor planned to release "One Bad Thing" (2 October 1970).[11]

In 1971, the group released "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" which was their first American #1 hit. In October 1971, Gibb recorded three songs for his fan club called Barry Gibb Fan Club; one of the songs, "King Kathy" was released as a single on Lyntone Records.[21] Gibb had remained a constant creative force for the group and, by 1972, had set aside the idea of a parallel solo career and was ready to devote full attention to the band. Bill Shepherd who had worked with the group since 1964. Also in 1972, Gibb moved to Los Angeles to record in The Record Plant studio.[22] In 1973, the Bee Gees moved to Robert Stigwood's RSO Records and released their first singles for Stigwood, "Saw a New Morning" and Life in a Tin Can. Stigwood was not ready to give up on the group, but he did not believe in the musical direction they were taking. At the suggestion of Jerry Wexler and Ahmet Ertegun of Atlantic Records, Stigwood sent them to work with Atlantic producer and arranger Arif Mardin who produced the next Bee Gees album in 1974.[23] After a United States tour early in 1974, the band started to performed at small clubs in England.[24]

The disco/R&B era[edit]

At the start of 1975, the band moved to Miami to work on their new album with Arif Mardin in Criteria Studios. The first song featuring Gibb's falsetto was "Nights on Broadway". He explains on The Larry King Show in 2002:

"It came to me in a dream, there was a request by Arif Mardin, who was like an uncle to us, he was a great record producer during the song 'Nights On Broadway,' for the Main Course album, which is previous to the 'Fever' syndrome. And he said, 'Can any of you scream, scream in falsetto.' So, you know, give us an ad lib or a scream at the end. So from screaming, it turned into things like 'blaming it all'."[25]

At the start of 1976, Gibb recorded songs for the Bee Gees' album Children of the World. Also in that year Gibb wrote "I Just Want to Be Your Everything", Andy Gibb's first US No. 1, and provided backup vocals.[26] In 1977, Gibb took the lead vocals on the songs "How Deep Is Your Love", "Stayin' Alive" and "Night Fever"; these songs all reached No. 1 in the US. Gibb co-wrote "Emotion", which remains Samantha Sang's best-known hit. Around the same time, Gibb and Galuten wrote "Save Me, Save Me" as recorded by the group Network from New York City. In May to September 1977, Gibb along with Robin and Maurice started to record songs for the film Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, produced by George Martin.[27] In 1978, Andy Gibb recorded his second album Shadow Dancing; the song of the same name, which was credited to all four brothers, was also a US No. 1 single. Barry sang backup vocals, arranged and produced the album. In 1978, Gibb wrote "Grease" for the stage musical of the same name; later the song was recorded by Frankie Valli. Also in February 1978, Gibb participated with Teri DeSario recording "Ain't Nothing Gonna Keep Me From You" which he wrote in 1977. In 1979, the Bee Gees' 1979 album Spirits Having Flown reached No. 1 in the US and other countries, with most of the songs performed by Barry. After the Bee Gees' 1979 Spirits Having Flown Tour, he started to record demos for Barbra Streisand. Also in that year, he sang backup vocals, played guitar and synthesizer and produced Andy Gibb's 1980 album After Dark.

Breakaway from disco sound and hiatus[edit]

In September 1980, Gibb produced the new songs—including a cover version of "Will You Love Me Tomorrow"—on Andy Gibb's first compilation album, Greatest Hits. In October 1980, Gibb produced Barbra Streisand's Guilty. Songs from the album include the hits "What Kind of Fool" and title track, both of which were vocal duets between Streisand and Gibb.[28] In 1981, the Bee Gees released Living Eyes. The two singles from the album were not in the disco genre. The album was not a commercial success. In 1982, Clive Davis intervened and asked Gibb to write solely for Dionne Warwick, who was on his Arista label. Around February, Gibb recorded the 12 demos for Dionne Warwick, but eight were used by Warwick and included on Gibb's demo album in 2006. As he produced Warwick's 1982 album Heartbreaker, the songs were all written with Gibb except "Our Day Will Come". About August, after Gibb met Kenny Rogers and asked for some songs, Gibb recorded his first demo for Rogers entitled "Eyes That See in the Dark". While at that time, Robin working on his How Old Are You? album with Maurice playing instruments. The other songs intended for Kenny Rogers were written in late 1982,[29] then at the start of 1983, he continued to record the demos until April 1983, while also recording songs with the Bee Gees for the film Staying Alive. In August 1983, he produced Rogers' new album Eyes That See in the Dark, which includes the song "Islands in the Stream" by Rogers and Dolly Parton.

Second solo work[edit]

In August 1983, Irving Azoff signed Gibb to the MCA Records for North America. Gibb was signed for a few million dollars to a multi-album deal. Polydor still had rights to Gibb's songs outside North America.[30] In September 1984, his album Now Voyager was released. Two singles from the album include "Shine, Shine" and the dance number "Fine Line". A film of the same name was directed by Storm Thorgerson, in which Gibb is the protagonist, with actor Michael Hordern as his guide through a confusing world between life and death. The film includes a music video of "Fine Line" featuring Gibb without his trademark beard and was filmed in black and white.[31] In 1985, Gibb started to record demos for Diana Ross, for her album Eaten Alive. Also in 1985, Gibb co-wrote some songs on Robin Gibb's album Walls Have Eyes.[32]

In late-1985 and early-1986, Gibb wrote new songs for his next album, though his third album Moonlight Madness was not released and most of the songs on that album was later released in 1988. Producer Randy Jackson plays bass on all of the tracks. Gibb co-wrote, "When Two Worlds Collide", "Lost in the Crowd" and "Spread Your Wings" for Swedish singer Carola on her album Runaway. Also in 1985, Gibb participated with the Bunburys with David English.[33]

Comeback and continued popularity[edit]

In early 1987, the Bee Gees started to record their first album in six years. In June and July 1987, Gibb and Maurice produced Andy Gibb's four new songs; one of them is "Arrow Through the Heart" which was later released in 2010. In 1987, Gibb co-wrote "Up the Revolution" by Elton John.[34] And in 1988, Gibb recorded two new songs for the Hawks film. In September 1988, the film soundtrack of the film was released by Polydor only in the UK. The songs were all performed by Gibb except "Chain Reaction" (Diana Ross). The single from the soundtrack, "Childhood Days", reached only No. 60 in Germany.[35]

Around 1990, the Bee Gees recorded High Civilization. In September 1990, Gibb played guitar and produced "Born to Be Loved by You" by Kelli Wolfe, which was released as an unreleased B-side in August 1993.[36] Around 1992, Gibb played guitar on Lulu's "Let Me Wake Up in Your Arms", released in 1993.[37] In 1993, the Bee Gees recorded and released Size Isn't Everything.[38] In 1994, the Bee Gees and Polydor planned a tour to promote Size Isn't Everything, but it was off in February, due to Gibb's trouble with arthritis in the back, right hand and right knee.[39] Gibb co-wrote "I Will Be There", which was recorded as a demo for Tina Turner and released on Turner's album Twenty Four Seven. In 2001, Gibb co-wrote "I Cannot Give You My Love" with Ashley Gibb, which was intended for Cliff Richard. In September 2001, the Bee Gees re-recorded "Islands in the Stream", which became their last session as a group, as Gibb did not seem to be present on the session in Middle Ear Studios, Miami Beach, Florida.[40] In 2002, Gibb and Michael Jackson recorded "All In Your Name". Also in 2002, Gibb sings background vocals on Michael Bublé's version of the 1971 song "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart".[41]

In November 2003, ten months after Maurice's death, Gibb produced and contributed background vocals and guitar to two songs performed by Cliff Richard, "I Cannot Give You My Love" and "How Many Sleeps?"; Maurice Gibb's keyboard work from a 2001 demo version was included in this 2003 version.[42] On 2 May 2004, Barry and Robin Gibb received the CBE award at Buckingham Palace; their nephew Adam accepted his father Maurice's posthumous award.[43] Also in 2004, Gibb co-wrote and sang background vocals on his son Steve Gibb's solo single "Living in the Rain". In January 2005, along with many artists, Gibb and his brother Robin recorded vocal parts for the charity single "Grief Never Grows Old" on behalf of victims of the tsunami in the Indian Ocean on 26 December 2004. In April and May 2005, Barbra Streisand recorded songs for her new album produced by Gibb.[44] In August 2006, two Gibb singles, "Doctor Mann" and "Underworld", were released on iTunes. "Underworld" was featured on the film soundtrack of Arctic Tale but not in the film.[45] On 7 December 2006, Gibb joined 4,500 other musicians in a full-page advertisement in the Financial Times newspaper, calling for the British Government to extend the existing 50-year copyright protection of sound recordings in the United Kingdom. The fair play for musicians advertisement proposed that the copyright be extended to the American standard of 95 years and was a direct response to the Gowers Review (published by the British Government on 6 December 2006), which recommended the retention of the 50 year protection for sound recordings.[46]

In 2007, "Drown On the River" was released as a single on iTunes. The song later appeared on the soundtrack of Deal. Also in the same year, Gibb sang background vocals on Jamie Jo's song "U Turn Me On"[47] and wrote the theme music for ITV's Grease Is the Word. Also in 2007 Gibb appeared as a mentor in season six of American Idol. On 14 March 2009, Gibb teamed with Olivia Newton-John to present the one-hour finale performance at a star-studded 12-hour live concert at Sydney's Sydney Cricket Ground, part of Sound Relief, a fundraiser to aid victims of the February 2009 Victorian Bushfires that devastated large tracts of heavily wooded and populated south-eastern Australia, where the Gibb family once lived. The concert was televised live nationally across Australia on the Max TV cable network. On 10 July 2009, Gibb was made a Freeman of the Borough of Douglas (Isle of Man). The award was also bestowed upon his brother Robin and posthumously upon his brother Maurice.[48] Also in 2009, Barry and Linda Gibb became US citizens; they retain their British citizenship. In late 2009, Barry and Robin announced plans to record and perform together once again as the Bee Gees.[49] In late 2009, Barry and Robin announced plans to record and perform together once again as the Bee Gees.[49]

In 2010, Gibb withdrew from a planned appearance on the Gorillaz album Plastic Beach which was released in March.[50] In December 2011, his two songs, "Grey Ghost" and "Daddy's Little Girl" were released.[51] On 21 February 2012, Gibb performed his first solo concert in the US at the Seminole Hard Rock Cafe in Florida.[52] He sang "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" with Maurice's daughter, Samantha Gibb, who is a singer in her own band. Barry's son Steve was also on stage as lead guitarist and sang a Maurice composition, "On Time". On 20 May 2012, Robin Gibb died, making Barry the sole surviving Gibb brother.

2012–present: Solo career[edit]

Gibb made his debut performance at the Grand Ole Opry on 27 July 2012, performing three songs with Ricky Skaggs[53] Skaggs later recorded "Soldier's Son" on which Gibb added vocals for Skaggs' album Music to My Ears released in 2012.[54]

He commenced a world tour in 2013 in Australia called Mythology Tour, featuring the Bee Gees anthology set album of the same name.[55] He was joined on stage by his son Steve and Maurice's daughter Samantha.[56] On that tour, for the first time on stage, Gibb performed "Playdown" (1966), "Every Christian Lion Hearted Man Will Show You" (1967), "I Started a Joke" (1969) and "With the Sun in My Eyes" (1968). Also, for the first time, the music video of the Bee Gees' 2001 song "Technicolor Dreams", written by Gibb, was shown before the show began. This short tour inspired Festival Records to release a box set of the Bee Gees' three Australian albums, The Festival Albums Collection, 1965-1967, and a 'best of' compilation of the group's Australian era songs titled Morning of My Life.[57]

On 27 October 2013, Gibb appeared at the Country Music Hall of Fame with Kenny Rogers, Bobby Bare and Cowboy Jack Clement; Gibb performed "Islands in the Stream" with Kelly Lang. In October, Gibb performed at the Grand Ole Opry for the second time with Ricky Skaggs.[58] On 21 December 2013, Barry Gibb made a surprise appearance on the US television show Saturday Night Live at the end of the "Barry Gibb Talk Show" skit with Jimmy Fallon, Justin Timberlake and Madonna. Also appearing that night was Paul McCartney who shared the stage with Gibb during the closing credits where they embraced each other.

On 27 January 2014, Gibb appeared on the American television show Late Night with Jimmy Fallon to announce the start of his first solo tour of the US. He performed "You Should Be Dancing" with help from Fallon's backing band, The Roots.[59] Gibb and Fallon sang some Everly Brothers songs, including "Bye Bye Love" and "Wake Up Little Susie". Gibb also sang "To Love Somebody" as a bonus online performance.[60] On 28 January, Gibb was interviewed by the CNN about his brothers and, in that same interview, Gibb talks about Justin Bieber, saying he is "heading for a brick wall".[61]

Gibb appeared on a Paul McCartney tribute album The Art of McCartney released in 18 November 2014 performing "When I'm Sixty-Four".

Personal life[edit]

Gibb's first marriage was to Maureen Bates, whom he married on 22 August 1966, when he was 19 years old. The couple lived together for only a short time and were divorced in July 1970.[62] During the taping of the BBC's Top of the Pops in London, Gibb met the former Miss Edinburgh, Linda Gray. On 1 September 1970 (his 24th birthday), Gibb married Gray. Together, they have five children - Stephen (born 1973), Ashley (born 1977), Travis (born 1981), Michael (born 1984) and Alexandra (born 1991) [11] - and seven grandchildren.[63]

After many stresses on their personal and professional lives, both Barry and Robin collapsed from nervous exhaustion on a flight from Australia to Turkey in 1967. On 23 December 1967, Barry and Robin left England for Australia. As Gibb explained: "But due to time difference we arrived on Christmas Day, we missed Christmas Eve altogether!". The pair celebrated Christmas with their manager Robert Stigwood's family as Gibb said: "We went on to Sydney".[11]

The three Gibb brothers were appointed Commanders of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 2002. On 2 May 2004, Barry and Robin received their awards at Buckingham Palace, along with their nephew Adam, who collected the award on behalf of his father Maurice, who had died in January 2003.[43]

In January 2006, Gibb purchased the former home of country singers Johnny Cash and June Carter Cash in Hendersonville, Tennessee, intending to restore it and turn it into a songwriting retreat.[64] The house was destroyed by fire on 10 April 2007 while under renovation.[65] On 10 July 2009, Gibb was made a Freeman of the Borough of Douglas (Isle of Man). The award was also bestowed upon his brother Robin and posthumously upon his brother Maurice.[48] Also in 2009, Barry and Linda Gibb became US citizens. They have dual citizenship. Barry has homes in Miami, Florida and in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, set in 90 acres of English countryside.[66]

Influences[edit]

Gibb's influences when he was in the Rattlesnakes were The Everly Brothers, Paul Anka and Cliff Richard.[11] The Bee Gees acknowledged that they would sing in the style of the Everlys and then add a third harmony; the result was "New York Mining Disaster 1941" (1967). When Gibb heard Roy Orbison's song "Crying", he said: "That was it. To me that was the voice of God."[67]

Legacy[edit]

Gibb had a highly successful career as a member of the Bee Gees, a group near the top of the all-time top-sellers list. When the group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997, their citation read "Only Elvis Presley, The Beatles, Michael Jackson, Garth Brooks and Paul McCartney have outsold the Bee Gees".[68] The trio's contribution to Saturday Night Fever pushed the film's soundtrack past the 40 million mark in sales. It reigned as the top-selling album until Michael Jackson's Thriller. They are the only group in pop history to write, produce and record six straight No.1 hits. They have 16 Grammy nominations and nine Grammy wins.

Barry Gibb is also a prolific and successful songwriter and a fellow of the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors.[9] In 1977, Gibb saw five of his songs simultaneously enter the Top Ten of the Billboard Hot 100 and, for one week in March, four of the top five songs were written by him. His songs were No. 1 for 27 out of 37 weeks from 24 December 1977 to 2 September 1978. Gibb also holds a very unusual record, in that he is the only songwriter in history to write four successive US number one hits: in 1978, the Bee Gees' "Stayin' Alive" was replaced at number one by Andy Gibb's single, "Love Is Thicker Than Water", followed by the Bee Gees' "Night Fever" for their longest run, seven weeks. This was then replaced by Yvonne Elliman's "If I Can't Have You".

As a songwriter Gibb has had No. 1 songs in the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s 1990s and 2000s, when "Islands in the Stream" became No. 1 in the UK as the comic relief single for 2009. His songs have been recorded by numerous artists, including Jose Feliciano, Celine Dion, Al Green, Wyclef Jean, Janis Joplin, Jimmy Little, Barry Manilow, Olivia Newton-John, Roy Orbison, Elvis Presley, Kenny Rogers, Diana Ross, Nina Simone, Barbra Streisand, Samantha Sang, Tina Turner, Conway Twitty, Frankie Valli, Luther Vandross, Sarah Vaughn, Jennifer Warnes, Dionne Warwick and Andy Williams. Gibb has also produced albums for Andy Gibb, Kenny Rogers, Diana Ross, Barbra Streisand and Dionne Warwick.

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Year Album details UK US
1984 Now Voyager
  • Released: September 1984
  • Label: Polydor Records
    MCA Records (US)
72

Demo albums[edit]

Year Album details UK US
2006 The Guilty Demos
  • Released: 10 October 2006
  • Label:
2006 The Heartbreaker Demos
  • Released: 10 October 2006
  • Label:
2006 The Eyes That See in the Dark Demos
  • Released: 10 October 2006
  • Label:
2006 The Eaten Alive Demos
  • Released:10 October 2006
  • Label:

Soundtracks[edit]

Year Album details UK US
1988 Hawks
  • Released: September 1988
  • Label: Polydor

Singles[edit]

Year Single Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
Album
UK US US
Dance
US
AC
GER NOR
1970 "I'll Kiss Your Memory" Singles only
1970 "The Day Your Eyes Meet Mine"
1970 "One Bad Thing"
1971 "King Kathy" Barry Gibb Fan Club
1978 "A Day in the Life" Sgt. Pepper (soundtrack)
1980 "Guilty" (with Barbra Streisand) 34 3 5 4 Guilty (Barbra Streisand album)
1981 "What Kind of Fool" (with Barbra Streisand) 10 1
1984 "Face to Face"(with Olivia Newton-John) Now Voyager
1984 "Shine, Shine" 95 34 8 45
1984 "Fine Line" 50
1988 "Childhood Days" 60 Hawks (soundtrack)
1988 "Not in Love at All"
2006 "Doctor Mann" Singles only
2006 "Underworld"
2007 "Drown On the River"
2011 "All In Your Name" (with Michael Jackson)
2011 "Grey Ghost"
2011 "Daddy's Little Girl"
"—" denotes releases did not chart

References[edit]

  1. ^ Summers, Kim. "Barry Gibb Biography". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Barry Gibb Biography". Bio. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra and S. T. Erlewine, All Music Guide to Rock: the Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul (Milwaukee, WI: Backbeat Books, 3rd edn., 2002), ISBN 0-87930-653-X, pp. 85-6.
  4. ^ "Bee Gees on AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Summers, Kim. "Robin Gibb". Allrovi. Retrieved 20 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Story About the Bee Gees / Part 1: 1940-1950". BrothersGibb.org. Retrieved 17 June 2013. 
  7. ^ OMalley, Brendon (11 January 2009). "Bee Gees real Brisbane music pioneers". Courier Mail. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  8. ^ Smith, Steve. "First Abba song in 18 years and Hollywood honors McCartney". SGVTribune.com. Retrieved 16 April 2012. [dead link]
  9. ^ a b "Fellows – The British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors". Basca.org.uk. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Featured Articles - Robin Gibb". TheGenealogist.co.uk. 22 December 1949. Retrieved 23 September 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Hughes, Andrew. The Bee Gees - Tales of the Brothers Gibb. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  12. ^ "10 pound Pom arrival lists go online". Perth Now. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
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