Nino Manfredi

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Nino Manfredi
Manfredi nell'anno del Signore.jpg
Manfredi in Nell'anno del Signore (1969)
Born (1921-03-22)22 March 1921
Castro dei Volsci, Province of Frosinone, Lazio, Italy
Died 4 June 2004(2004-06-04) (aged 83)
Rome
Cause of death
Aftermath of stroke
Years active 1949–2003

Saturnino "Nino" Manfredi (22 March 1921 – 4 June 2004) was one of the most prominent Italian actors in the commedia all'italiana genre. He was also a film and stage director, a screenwriter, a playwright, a comedian, a singer, an author, a radio and television presenter and a voice actor. He won six David di Donatello awards, six Nastro d'Argento awards and the Prix de la première oeuvre (Best First Work Award) at the 1971 Cannes Film Festival for Between Miracles.[1] Tipically playing losers, emarginated, working-class characters yet "in possession of their dignity, morality, and underlying optimism",[2] he was referred to as "one of the few truly complete actors in Italian cinema".[2]

Life and career[edit]

Early life[edit]

Manfredi was born in Castro dei Volsci, Frosinone into a humble family of farmers.[3] His father recruited in Public Safety, where he reached the rank of Maresciallo, and in the early 1930s he was transferred to Rome, where Nino and his younger brother Dante spent their childhood in the popular neighborhood of San Giovanni.[3] In 1937 he became seriously ill with bilateral pleurisy, and after a doctor gave him only three months to live,[4][5] he remained several years hospitalized in a sanatorium; there he learned to play a banjo built by himself and he entered the musical band of the hospital.[3][5] To please his family in October of 1941 he enrolled at the university in the Faculty of Law, but already in the same year he showed an interest and a natural inclination for the stage, making his debut as a presenter and an actor in the theater of a parish in Rome.[3]

After September 8, 1943, in order to avoid conscription, he took refuge for a year with his brother in the mountains above Cassino;[3] returned to Rome in 1944 he resumed his university studies and, at the same time, he enrolled at the National Academy of Dramatic Art.[3] In October 1945 he graduated in law with a thesis in criminal law, without ever practicing the profession, and in June 1947 he graduated from the Academy.[3]

Early career[edit]

Manfredi made his official stage debut in 1947, working in plays directed by Luigi Squarzine and Vito Pandolfi. The same year, he entered the Maltagliati-Gassman stage company, mostly acting in dramatic roles.[3] In 1948 he entered the company of the Piccolo Teatro di Milano under Giorgio Strehler, playing in tragedies such as Romeo and Juliet and The Storm.[3] The same year he started working on radio as a comedian and an empersonator.[3] In 1949 he made his film debut in the melodrama Monastero di Santa Chiara.[3] In 1952 he worked with Eduardo De Filippo in Tre atti unici, along with Tino Buazzelli, Paolo Panelli and Bice Valori.[3] The same year he entered the revue company of the Nava sisters, and started working as a voice actor and a dubber.[3] In 1955 he took part to his first high-profile films, Lo scapolo by Antonio Pietrangeli and Gli innamorati by Mauro Bolognini.[3]

First successes[edit]

In 1958 Manfredi got his first film roles as main actor.[3] The same year he formed a revue company with Delia Scala and Paolo Panelli, getting some success with the musical Un trapezio per Lisistrata.[3] In 1959 the trio was taken by RAI to host Canzonissima; the show marked the turning point of the career of Manfredi, who enjoyed a very large popularity, mainly thanks to the "macchietta" (i.e. comic caricature) of the "Barman from Ceccano".[3] The success immediately got him a contract with Dino De Laurentiis which he dropped after one year to be free to choose his favorite projects.[3]

In 1962 Manfredi enjoyed an even larger success playing the title role in the stage musical Rugantino, with which he toured also in Canada, Usa and Argentina.[3] The same year he directed the critically apprecciated segment "L'avventura di un soldato" in the anthology film Of Wayward Love.[3]

Commedia all'italiana icon[edit]

Manfredi, in the middle, in C'eravamo tanto amati (1974)

Starting from the second half of the 1960s Manfredi became a top actor at the Italian box office, starring in some of the most successful and critically apprecciated films in the Commedia all'italiana genre, often directed by Dino Risi.[3][6] In 1969, with Nell'anno del Signore, he started a fruitful collaboration with the director Luigi Magni.[3][6] In the same period he started collaborating, often uncredited, to the screenplays of his films.[3]

In 1970 he enjoyed a large musical success with the Ettore Petrolini's song "Tanto pe' cantà"; the song premiered, out of competition, at the Sanremo Music Festival and it peaked at third place on the Italian hit parade.[3][7] In 1971, he made his feature film debut as director with the semi-autobiographical Between Miracles, with which he got almost unanimous critical appreciation, winning the Best Film Work Award at the Cannes Film Festival, the Italian Golden Globe for Best First Feature, two Silver Ribbons (for best screenplay and best original story) and a special David di Donatello.[3] In 1972 he got a major television success playing Geppetto in the Luigi Comencini's adaptation The Adventures of Pinocchio.[3][8] In the 1970s and early 1980s he continued alternating high-profile works and less ambitious comedies; among the most successful performances of the time, the emarginated immigrant of Bread and Chocolate (1973), the idealist worker of We All Loved Each Other So Much (1974), the old shanty town patriarch of Down and Dirty (1976), the Vatican's magistrate of In the Name of the Pope King (1977), the abusive coffee-seller in Café Express (1980).[3][6]

Later career[edit]

Following his last film as director (Portrait of a Woman, Nude) and two commercial hit films starred alongside Renato Pozzetto (Heads I Win, Tails You Lose and Questo e Quello), in the 1980s Manfredi significantly slowed his cinema activities.[3] In 1983 he debuted as author with the book Proverbi e altre cose romanesche, while in 1984 he signed his first work as playwright and stage director (Viva gli sposi), an activity in which he gradually focused.[3] In 1990 he received a David di Donatello career award.[3] In 1992, after having first accepted to be a candidate at the elections with the Pannella List, he withdrawn the candidature to not give up his artistic commitments.[9] Starting from 1993 his popularity revamped thanks to a series of successful RAI TV-series and miniseries, notably Linda e il brigadiere.[3][8]

Last role and death[edit]

Manfredi's last role was Galapago, an almost mute stranger with no memory in the Miguel Hermoso's Spanish drama film The End of a Mystery. On 7 July 2003, shortly after the end of the shoot, he was struck by a cerebral infarction in his home in Rome.[10] In August, he received a Career Bianchi Prize at the Venice Film Festival.[11] In September, an improvement allowed him to return home, but in December he was hit by a new cerebral hemorrhage.[10] After spending six months in a continuous alternation of improvements and deteriorations he died on June 4, 2004, aged eighty-three years old.[12]

Personal life[edit]

"Viale Nino Manfredi", a street named after him in Rome

Manfredi was married to runway model Erminia Ferrari from 1955 till his death. The couple had a son, Luca (who is a film and television director), and two daughters, Roberta (an actress, television presenter and producer) and Giovanna.[3] Manfredi was an atheist.[13] Active in volunteering, in 1991 he was nominated Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF.[3]

Legacy[edit]

In 2007 an asteroid (73453 Ninomanfredi) was named after him.[14] In 2009 a Nino Manfredi Prize was established at the Nastro d’Argento Awards.[15] Manfredi also named a theatre in Ostia, Rome.

On the occasion of the tenth anniversary of his death, in 2014, Manfredi was remembered by "Nino!", a series of events, held in various places including Los Angeles, New York, Rome and Paris, which included retrospectives, exhibitions, and the staging of an unreleased play of Manfredi.[16]

Filmography[edit]

Cinema[edit]

Television[edit]

Director[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Enrico Lancia. I premi del cinema. Gremese Editore, 1998. ISBN 8877422211. 
  2. ^ a b Enrico Lancia, Roberto Poppi. Dizionario del Cinema Italiano: Gli Attori. Gremese Editore, 2003. ISBN 8884402697. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Aldo Bernardini. Nino Manfredi. Gremese Editore, 1999. ISBN 8877423692. 
  4. ^ Antonio Debenedetti, Alessandro Capponi (5 June 2004). "Addio Nino, antidivo ironico e sentimentale". Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Nino Manfredi, Antonio Cocchia. Nudo d'attore. Mondadori, 1993. ISBN 8804332077. 
  6. ^ a b c Enrico Giacovelli. La commedia all'italiana. Gremese Editore, 1995. ISBN 8876058737. 
  7. ^ Dario Salvatori. Storia dell'Hit Parade. Gramese, 1989. ISBN 8876054391. 
  8. ^ a b Aldo Grasso, Massimo Scaglioni. Enciclopedia della Televisione. Garzanti, Milano, 1996 – 2003. ISBN 881150466X.
  9. ^ Giuliano Gallo (4 March 1992). "Manfredi: meglio i film che Pannella". Corriere della Sera. p. 4. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Redazione online (2 December 2003). "Ansia per Nino Manfredi ricoverato di nuovo in terapia intensiva". Il Tempo. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  11. ^ "Premio alla carriera a Nino Manfredi". La Repubblica. 29 August 2003. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "E' morto Nino Manfredi". Panorama. 4 June 2004. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  13. ^ Gloria Satta (3 June 2014). "Manfredi e Troisi, l'Italia della commedia ricorda due giganti". Il Messaggero. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  14. ^ Igor Traboni (5 February 2007). "Una stella chiamata Nino: da oggi Manfredi sarà un asteroide". Il Giornale. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  15. ^ Redazione (23 April 2009). "Premio Nino Manfredi ai Nastri d’Argento". Best Movie. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  16. ^ ""Nino!", per ricordare Manfredi a dieci anni dalla morte". La Repubblica. 10 April 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 

External links[edit]