Ninurta-apla-X

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Ninurta-apla-X
King of Babylon
Reign ca. 800 – 790 BC
Predecessor Baba-aḫa-iddina
then Interregnum (5 kings)
Successor Marduk-bēl-zēri
House Dynasty of E
(mixed dynasties)

Ninurta-apla-X, speculatively ca. 800 – 790 BC, was the king of Babylon during the period of mixed dynasties known as the dynasty of E. The name as currently given is based upon a 1920’s reading that is no longer supported by direct evidence as the document from which it was derived is now too badly damaged to discern the characters proposed.[1]

Biography[edit]

His most recent predecessor known by name was Baba-aḫa-iddina, whose reign ended perhaps around twelve years earlier. During the interregnum there was no king for several years[i 1] and then a succession of five whose names have not survived. The only records of events during this period come from the chronicles of the Assyrian eponym dating system. These record that Šamši-Adad V’s seventh campaign was against Babylonia. His successor, Adad-nirari III, initially campaigned in the west[i 2] but during 802 BC the chronicle records “to the sea,” thought to be Sealand of southern Mesopotamia. In 795 and 794 BC he campaigned in Dēr.[2] The Synchronistic History[i 3] ended with his reign and records:

(The) king of Karduniaš, bowed down … He brought back the abducted people and granted them an income, privileges, and barley rations. The peoples of Assyria and Karduniaš were joined together. They fixed the boundary-line by mutual consent.

—Synchronistic History, Column 4, lines 15–16 and 19–22.

Ninurta-apla-X’s successor was the similarly obscure king, Marduk-bēl-zēri.

Inscriptions[edit]

  1. ^ Chronicle 24 r 8.
  2. ^ Stele, BM 131124.
  3. ^ Synchronistic History (ABC 21), K4401a + Rm 854.

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1982). "Babylonia c. 1000–748 BC". In John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, N. G. L. Hammond, E. Sollberger. The Cambridge Ancient History: Volume 3, Part 1. Cambridge University Press. p. 310. 
  2. ^ Alan Millard (1994). Eponyms of the Assyrian Empire: 910 – 612 BC. Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project. pp. 57–58.