|Prime Minister of Japan|
6 November 1987 – 3 June 1989
|Preceded by||Yasuhiro Nakasone|
|Succeeded by||Sōsuke Uno|
26 February 1924|
|Died||19 June 2000(aged 76)|
|Political party||Liberal Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||Waseda University|
Noboru Takeshita (竹下 登 Takeshita Noboru , 26 February 1924 – 19 June 2000) was a Japanese politician and the 74th Prime Minister of Japan from 6 November 1987 to 3 June 1989. Takeshita was also the last prime minister during the long rule of the Emperor Shōwa.
Early life and education
In 1958, Takeshita entered the lower house of the Diet of Japan, joining the powerful faction of Kakuei Tanaka in the Liberal Democratic Party. Takeshita eventually became Tanaka's primary fundraiser, traveling the country to garner support for the LDP's coffers. Like Tanaka, Takeshita was fond of "pork barrel" politics, retaining his own seat by bringing excessively huge public works projects to Shimane. Takeshita served as chief cabinet secretary from 1971 to 1974 and as minister of construction in 1976.
Takeshita was the minister of finance from 1979 to 1980; and he again accepted the finance position and was in office from 1982 to 1986. In this period, he achieved prominence as Japan's negotiator during deliberations which led to the agreement which is known as the Plaza Accord in New York.
In the period Takeshita was finance minister, the Yen appreciated relative to other international currencies. The rise of the strong Yen (Yendaka) enhanced Japan's status as a financial powerhouse.
By 1985, Takeshita's power within the party had eclipsed Tanaka's, and he was able to win enough support to defeat Tanaka as the head of the LDP's largest faction. In July 1986 he left the Cabinet, only to be named to the key post of secretary general of the party. In November 1987 he became party chairman and subsequently prime minister, replacing Yasuhiro Nakasone, his inner rival.
Among the highlights of the period in which Takeshita led the government, he acknowledged that Japan had been an aggressor during World War II. This statement was part of a speech in the Japanese Diet.
Later years and death
He remained a major behind-the-scenes player in the LDP, mentoring future prime ministers Sōsuke Uno, Toshiki Kaifu, and Keizō Obuchi. He died of respiratory failure in 2000 after over a year in hospital.
From the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
- Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum (20 June 2000; posthumous)
- French, Howard W. "Noboru Takeshita, Premier Who Guided Political Power in Japan, Is Dead at 76," New York Times. 19 June 2000.
- Sanger, David E. "Takeshita Now Admits World War II Aggression," New York Times. 7 March 1989.
- "Noboru Takeshita" The Telegraph (London). 20 June 2000.
- KIlborn, Peter T. "U.S. and 4 Allies Plan Move to Cut Value of Dollar," The New York Times. 23 September 1985.
- Chira, Susan. "International Report: a Year After Plaza Accord, Currency Issues Remain Divisive; Impact on Japanese is Wide; American Hopes Unfulfilled," The New York Times. 22 September 1986.
- MacLeod, Scott; Barry Hillenbrand and Kumiko Makihara. "Japan Sand in a Well-Oiled Machine," Time. 8 May 1989.
- Musician Daigo an Y85 million man for a day
|Prime Minister of Japan