||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012)|
|Prime Minister of Japan|
9 August 1993 – 28 April 1994
|Preceded by||Kiichi Miyazawa|
|Succeeded by||Tsutomu Hata|
|Member of the House of Representatives|
|Succeeded by||Eiichi Iwashita (for new 1st district of Kumamoto)|
|Constituency||(Old 1st district, Kumamoto Prefecture →) 1st district, Kumamoto Prefecture|
14 January 1938 |
|Political party||Democratic Party (1998–present)|
|Liberal Democratic Party (Before 1992)
Japan New Party (1992–1994)
New Frontier Party (1994–1997)
From Five (1997-1998)
Good Governance Party (1998)
|Alma mater||Sophia University|
Morihiro Hosokawa (細川 護煕 Hosokawa Morihiro , born 14 January 1938) is a Japanese politician who was the 79th Prime Minister of Japan from 9 August 1993 to 28 April 1994. His coalition was the first non-Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) government since 1955.
Hosokawa Morihiro was born in Tokyo as the eldest son of Marquis Morisada Hosokawa, the head of the Hosokawa clan. He is the grandson of former Japanese Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe. Owing to his birth, he was born a marquis, but lost the title in 1947 at the age of nine when the kazoku, or peerage was abolished by the American occupation government.
He received his LL.B. from Sophia University in 1961. After working for the newspaper the Asahi Shimbun as journalist for several years, he was elected to the House of Councillors of Japan as a member of the LDP in 1971, representing Kumamoto Prefecture.
After serving two terms in the National Diet, he left in 1983 to become the governor of Kumamoto, where he served until 1991.
In 1992, he announced that he could no longer stand the corruption in the LDP and left in order to found the reformist Japan New Party (JNP).
In the summer of 1993, in a change very few had foreseen even a year earlier, the LDP lost its majority in the Diet for the first time in thirty-eight years and was replaced by an eight-party coalition government which promised a series of social, political, and economic reforms. Excluding the JCP, the coalition was backed by all of the former opposition parties, which included the newly formed JNP, the Japan Socialist Party, the Japan Renewal Party (Shinseito), Komeito, the Democratic Socialist Party, the Socialist Democratic Federation, the RENGO and the New Party Sakigake. Hosokawa, one of the major voices in forming the coalition, was chosen as the new Prime Minister.
One of the first things the newly elected PM did was to say what no other Japanese leader, including the Emperor, had said for forty-eight years. In his 15 August 1993 speech at the annual war memorial services, he publicly acknowledged that World War II was a "war of aggression, a mistaken war" and expressed responsibility and condolences to the war victims and survivors, in Japan, its Asian neighbors, and the rest of the world.
Although his coalition managed to secure passage of legislation to reform the electoral system in 1994, the subject of a long-running national debate, Hosokawa’s run as PM was short lived. Under allegations that he had misused personal funds in the 1980s, he was forced to resign later that year, just eight months after taking office. After his resignation, the coalition was taken over by the Shinseito president Tsutomu Hata.
|Chief Cabinet Secretary||Masayoshi Takemura (Sakigake)|
|Foreign Affairs||Tsutomu Hata (Shinseito)|
|Justice||Akira Mikazuki (non-affiliated)|
|Finance||Hirohisa Fujii (Shinseito)|
|Education||Yoko Akamatsu (non-affiliated)|
|Health and Welfare||Keigo Ouchi (Democratic Socialist)|
|Labor||Chikara Sakaguchi (Komeito)|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries||Eijiro Hata (Shinseito)|
|International Trade and Industry||Hiroshi Kumagai (Shinseito)|
|Transport||Shigeru Ito (Socialist)|
|Construction||Kozo Igarashi (Socialist)|
|Home Affairs and National Public Safety Commission||Kanju Sato (Socialist)|
|Posts and Telecommunications||Takenori Kanzaki (Komeito)|
|Management and Coordination Agency||Koshiro Ishida (Komeito)|
|Japan Defense Agency||Hiroyoshi Nakanishi (Shinseito) until 1 December 1993
Kazuo Aichi (Shinseito) after 2 December 1993
|Hokkaido and Okinawa Development, National Land Agency||Kosuke Uehara (Socialist)|
|Economic Planning Agency||Manae Kubota (Socialist)|
|Environment||Wakako Hironaka (Komeito)|
|Council for Science and Technology Policy||Satsuki Eda (Social Democratic)|
|Minister of State||Sadao Yamahana (Socialist)|
Later political life
In his retirement, he has taken up pottery which has been exhibited in Japan and Europe. He is also a tea master and a special consultant to The Japan Times. Upon his father's death in 2005, Hosokawa succeeded him as the head of the Hosokawa family.
- Policy speech to the 127th Session of the National Diet 23 August 1993
- Policy speech to the 128th Session of the National Diet 21 September 1993
- Policy speech to the 129th Session of the National Diet 4 March 1994
|Prime Minister of Japan
|Chair of the G7