Old St Peter and St Paul's Church, Albury

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Old St Peter and St Paul's Church, Albury
A stone church seen from the south, showing a transept with a large window, and a tower surmounted by a cupola
Old St Peter and St Paul's Church, Albury, from the south
Old St Peter and St Paul's Church, Albury is located in Surrey
Old St Peter and St Paul's Church, Albury
Old St Peter and St Paul's Church, Albury
Location in Surrey
Coordinates: 51°13′12″N 0°28′44″W / 51.2200°N 0.4790°W / 51.2200; -0.4790
OS grid reference TQ 063 479
Location Albury Park, Surrey
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website Churches Conservation Trust
Architecture
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade I
Designated 14 June 1967
Architect(s) A. W. N. Pugin (mortuary chapel)
Architectural type Church
Style Saxon, Gothic
Specifications
Materials Ironstone and sandstone rubble

Old St Peter and St Paul's Church, Albury, is a redundant Anglican church near the village of Albury, Surrey, England. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building,[1] and is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[2] The church stands in Albury Park, to the northwest of Albury Hall, and between the villages of Albury and Shere.[2][3]

History[edit]

The nave of the church may date from the Saxon era but has been considerably altered from the 14th century onward. The tower, of which the lower parts contain pre-Conquest masonry, may stand on the site of an earlier chancel, but was extended outwards and upwards in the 12th century. During the following century the chancel and south transept were added. The south aisle was added in the 14th century, and the north porch in the early 16th century.[1]

In 1819 the Albury Park estate was bought by Henry Drummond, a London banker. During the following year the spire on the tower was replaced by a cupola (a small dome). Drummond became involved with the foundation of the Catholic Apostolic Church in the 1830s, and built a church for this religious movement on his estate. The residents of Albury village had been coming to worship at their parish church in the estate, and Drummond proposed to close this church and to build a new Anglican church nearer the centre of the village.[4] Building of both the new churches began in 1839.[5] Drummond then commissioned A. W. N. Pugin to convert the south transept of the old church into a mortuary chapel.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The plan of the church consists of a nave and chancel separated by a centrally-placed tower. The nave has a south aisle and there is a south transept projecting from the tower. There is a north porch towards the west of the nave.[6] The tower is in three stages with a battlemented parapet, and a small north window. In the chancel is an east window dating from the late 13th century, and a lancet window in the south wall. The transept has two two-light windows in its east wall, and a five-light south window. At the west end of the church are two gables, an arched window, and a round window. The porch is gabled and has a bargeboard pierced with quatrefoils, rosettes and tracery.[1]

The church is constructed in ironstone and sandstone rubble. The dressings are in Bargate stone and clunch.[6] Part of the north wall is rendered, and the north porch is timber-framed.[1] The nave is roofed with Horsham slabs, the aisle and porch with tiles, and the transept with slates.[6] The cupola is shingled with wood, and has a metal finial.[1]

Interior[edit]

The nave is separated from the south aisle by a three-bay arcade carried on octagonal pillars. The timber nave roof dates from the 14th century. Around the walls are monuments dating from the 17th and 18th centuries. A 14th-century marble coffin slab is set into the floor of the aisle. In the west wall is a niche for a statue. Over the south door is a 15th-century wall painting of Saint Christopher. In the south wall of the aisle is a 14th-century piscina. The south transept (later the Drummond Chapel) contains Drummond's marble chest tomb. The walls of the chapel are painted in red and gold by T. Early, and the windows contain stained glass by William Wailes. The ceiling is panelled, and decorated in a quatrefoil pattern.[1]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard is a chest tomb inscribed "Tupper Vault", that commemorates the artists Arthur Devis and Anthony Devis. The tomb is designated as a Grade II listed building.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f English Heritage, "The Old Parish Church of St Peter and St Paul, Albury (1294958)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 31 August 2013 
  2. ^ a b Church of St Peter & St Paul, Albury, Surrey, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 27 March 2011 
  3. ^ Albury Park, Streetmap, retrieved 18 March 2011 
  4. ^ a b The Saxon Church of St Peter and St Paul, The Parish of Albury, Surrey, retrieved 18 March 2011 
  5. ^ St Peter and St Paul, parish church of Albury, The Parish of Albury, Surrey, retrieved 18 March 2011 
  6. ^ a b c Malden, H. E., ed. (1911), "Parishes: Albury — Churches", A History of the County of Surrey, Victoria County History (University of London & History of Parliament Trust) 3: 72–77, retrieved 18 March 2011 
  7. ^ English Heritage, "Tupper Vault 1 yard west of west end of Old Church of St Peter and St Paul, Albury (1377724)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 31 August 2013