Gomshall

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Gomshall
Gomshall is located in Surrey
Gomshall
Gomshall
 Gomshall shown within Surrey
Population <3,000
OS grid reference TQ084480
Civil parish Shere
District Guildford
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Guildford
Postcode district GU5
Dialling code 01483
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Mole Valley
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°13′16″N 0°26′53″W / 51.221°N 0.448°W / 51.221; -0.448

Gomshall is a village in the borough of Guildford in Surrey, England.[1]

It is located on the A25, roughly halfway between Guildford and Dorking, and within Shere civil parish,[2] which according to the 2001 Census had a population of 3,359.[3] Other neighbouring villages include Albury, Abinger Hammer and Sutton Abinger.

The River Tillingbourne flows through Gomshall, while the North Downs Way passes just to the north. The village also has a railway station, served by First Great Western trains running between Reading and Redhill.

History[edit]

The Manor of Gumesele was a Saxon feudal landholding that originally included the present day Gomshall.[4]

Gomshall appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Gomeselle. It was held by William the Conqueror. Its domesday assets were: 1 mill worth 3s 4d, 20 ploughs, 3 acres (12,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 30 hogs. It rendered £30.[5]

In 1154, Henry II of England divided the Manor of Gumesele into three: West Gomshall, East Gomshall and Somersbury. In 1240, West Gomshall was granted to the Cistercian Abbey of Netley in Hampshire and became known as Gomshall Netley. East Gomshall was granted to the Abbey of St Mary Graces, Tower Hill, London in 1376 and became known as Gomshall Towerhill.

For the 1380 Poll Tax, Gomshall had 267 names registered. The occupations written beside the names show land-holders and the usual country crafts but also a high proportion of skills relating to the wool trade; there were spinners and weavers, fullers and pelterers and many tailors. At this time one of the Gomshall manors was held by the Abbey of Netley near Southampton.[6]

Local industries developed based on the plentiful and constant water supply of the River Tillingbourne. Those that survived into the 20th century, but are now gone, were corn milling, watercress growing, and leather tanning. Gomshall Mill was the corn mill. Netley Mill pumped water for the Hurtwood Water Company for part of its existence.

References[edit]

  1. ^ OS Explorer map 145:Guildford and Farnham. Scale: 1:25 000. Publisher:Ordnance Survey – Southampton. ISBN 978 0319239261
  2. ^ Shere parish council
  3. ^ "Parish Headcounts, 2001". Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 2007-02-23. 
  4. ^ Ewhurst History Society
  5. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  6. ^ History report

External links[edit]