Shackleford

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This article is about the village. For about the 2011 Preakness winner, see Shackleford (horse). For other uses, see Shackleford (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°11′51″N 0°39′15″W / 51.1975°N 0.6541°W / 51.1975; -0.6541

Shackleford
Shackleford1.jpg
Shackleford Post Office and Village Centre Sign
St Mary, Shackleford - geograph.org.uk - 1522982.jpg
St Mary's, Shackleford
Shackleford is located in Surrey
Shackleford
Shackleford
 Shackleford shown within Surrey
Area  8.03 km2 (3.10 sq mi)
Population 770 (Civil Parish)[1]
    - Density  96 /km2 (250 /sq mi)
OS grid reference SU941451
Civil parish Shackleford
District Guildford (borough)
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Godalming
Postcode district GU8
Dialling code 01483
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Guildford
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Shackleford is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Guildford, Surrey, England centred to the west of the A3 between Guildford and Petersfield 32 miles (51 km) southwest of London and 5.2 miles (8.4 km) southwest of Guildford. Shackleford includes the localities of Eashing, Hurtmore, Norney and Gatwick.

History[edit]

The village does not appear in the Domesday survey of the eleventh century however Hurtmore manor in the east of the parish and Rodsall manor, just to the west of the parish, a far-south part of Puttenham appear.[2] The name first appears (as Sakelesford) in 1220 with many variants appearing down the centuries. The derivation of the "Shackle" part of the name is uncertain and the subject of speculation. A possible formation is from the Old English verb sceacan (to shake) suggesting loose movement, perhaps the shaky or loose bottom of the ford itself.[3]

The name may derive from its ford belonging to a man with a cognate name or perhaps a ford secured by chains[dubious ]. Others have speculated that the name derives from the Old English word 'scacol,' meaning tongue of land.[citation needed] Whatever the derivation, by the 14th century villagers began taking the place name as a surname, when there is known to have been a William de Shackleford who lived in the area.[4]

Hall Place (see landmarks) was a large house of Richard Wyatt[n 1], who built the Mead Row Almshouses in 1619, before Hall Place was rebuilt for a school in the 19th century. Hall Place had an estate office, later made into an inn, called Cyder House.[5] The inn was acquired by Mr. William Edgar Horne, who turned it into a modern mansion. now part of the school. Its panelling and overmantel of the dining-room came from the Cock Tavern in Fleet Street, London; its gallery railings in the hall came from the Old Banqueting Hall at Whitehall Palace.[5][6]

Meanwhile Hurtmore Manor was held by Sir Edward More of Odiham who before his death in 1623 left this to the his daughter and her husband Sir William Staunton, recusant convict, and stating he should have the house free of rent for life — the manor was sold by later relatives to executors of Simon Bennett of Calverton, one of the daughters of whom married James Cecil, 4th Earl of Salisbury (when still styled by the courtesy title Viscount Cranborne) and his son James Cecil, 5th Earl of Salisbury inherited the share of the two Bennett daughters; his grandson James Cecil, 1st Marquess of Salisbury sold the estate with much later belonging to the Richardson, Keen and Frankland families.[5]

Many of the houses that still stand today were built in the 18th century, although there was a further expansion of the village when the railway line was constructed between London and Portsmouth during the mid 19th century, passing through nearby Godalming and Farncombe. At the centre of the village are sixteen listed buildings and one listed set of walls - Aldro School garden walls.[7]

St. Mary's Church was built in 1865, designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott. It stands in the outskirts of the Shackleford village centre at a nearby crossroads in the woodland locality of Norney.[8]

Geography[edit]

Most of the parish consists of relative uplands to the Wey Valley; elevations vary between 102 m AOD in the north and west to 45m AOD at a weir marking the boundary with Godalming town council.[9]

Shackleford is centred 32 miles (51 km) southwest of London and 5.2 miles (8.4 km) southwest of Guildford.[9]

Soil[edit]

Shackleford's soil is of two types. An arc of wet heath soil is to the south-east, south, south-west, west and north-west of the village centre, covering all of Norney and Gatwick. This is the same type of heath as in Esher, Oxshott, Weybridge, Wisley, all around Woking, Brookwood, Deepcut, Pirbright, Frimley, Lightwater, Camberley, Chobham Common, Virginia Water and Ottershaw is "naturally wet, very acid sandy and loamy soil" which is just 1.9% of English soil and 0.2% of Welsh soil, which gives rise to pines and coniferous landscapes, such as pioneered at Wentworth and Foxhills estate (now spa, hotel, restaurant and golf club) by pro-American Independence statesman Charles James Fox.[10] Consequently Malden summarised Shackleford's visual landscape in 1911 "The hamlet of Shackleford contains some old cottages and farm buildings and many new houses in very beautiful scenery."[5] Samuel Lewis writing in his magnum opus of 1848 "A Topographical Dictionary of England" described the country here in that "Eashing House is situated on a commanding brow overlooking the beautiful valley of Eashing." The remainder of the soil is in common with Godalming, "free draining slightly acid loamy" and is the dominant type in the centre of Shackleford, as well as throughout Eashing and Hurtmore.[10][11]

Localities[edit]

Eashing[edit]

Eashing is a hamlet 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southeast of Shackleford on the River Wey 1.2 miles (1.9 km) west of Godalming and was once part of the Godalming (hundred); now administered by Guildford Borough Council. The hamlet is divided into Upper Eashing on top of the steep south-east bank and Lower Eashing set low, immediately below the A3 road embankment on the north-west bank. Lower Eashing has an ancient bridge over the River Wey which was constructed in the 14th century by monks from Waverley Abbey. Eashing's two large-unit business park, The Granary and The Wharf are on a large island the bridge behind the public house (The Stag) and the Mill.[7] Twenty buildings strewn across both parts have become architecturally listed buildings.[7]

An breakthrough veterinary practice is located in Eashing, Fitzpatrick Referrals, run by Noel Fitzpatrick. The surgery has performed pioneering bionic development in animals.[12]

Hurtmore[edit]

Hurtmore is a settlement and locality in the north of Shackleford, adjoining hilly developed parts of the outskirts of Godalming such as Charterhouse Hill and Prior's Field (which is part of the village of Compton). Charterhouse hill is well known for the traditional public school (independent) with chapel and considerable boarding options, Charterhouse School.

A hot air balloon provider, Reach 4 The Sky, operates flights from the land behind the pub cottages, historically used as a chalk quarry.[13]

An 18 hole golf course with clubhouse is just off the next to the public house, The Squirrel.[14]

The Squirrel Inn, is beside the A3 and has a focus on serving food while providing a few guest rooms. It closed for a period from 28 November 2008 to 17 July 2009 and was refurbished before reopening under new management.[15]

Norney[edit]

Norney is separated from Shackleford only by a Mushroom Farm in Shackleford and by individual houses' private woodlands. Six listed buildings are spread about among the no more than 30 private residences, most with private woods.[7] These are: The Lodge,[16] The Church of St Mary,[8] Norney Grange,[17] The Lodge to Norney Grange,[18] Norney Farmhouse[19] and Norney Old House[20] which is a Tudor period cottage with extensions. One of these, Norney Grange is Grade II* listed, described in Landmarks.

Gatwick[edit]

Nestled among fir and beech plantations is a small neighbourhood consisting of 15 houses, named Gatwick, not to be confused with the former hamlet in Reigate and Banstead (or the airport of the same name), parts of which overlook part of the expanse of placid, acid heath to the northwest, the Surrey Wildlife Trust managed Puttenham & Crooksbury Commons.

Its coordinates are 51°11′45″N 0°41′32″W (SU 916 450).

Landmarks[edit]

Norney Grange[edit]

Norney Grange is the highest architecturally graded listed building in the Norney part of the parish, a rectangular late 1897-1903 built, roughcast stone home with yellow limestone dressings. Its interior is just as remarkable as its exterior, with among many carved features, a green marble chimney breast in end room to left and a half-dome ceiling with gallery landing to the rear.[17]

Hall Place/ Aldro School[edit]

William de Shackleford probably owned Hall Place - a substantial manor house which existed here in the 15th century. Its estate covered many acres, including much of today’s village.

Hall Place was demolished in 1797 and a new mansion was built on the site in the late 19th century. During the Second World War this building and much of its grounds were bought by Aldro School, which relocated there from Eastbourne.[21]

Mitchen Hall[edit]

To the south-west is a late 17th century two-storey galleted coursed sandstone home with red brick dressings facing its round front drive, which is listed.[22]

Anglo Saxon fortified village and bridge[edit]

During the reign of King Alfred the Great an Anglo-Saxon burgh was constructed at Upper Eashing as a defensive point to resist Viking attacks. Both this and the 13th century Eashing Bridge (in two parts) are Scheduled Ancient Monuments [23][24][25]

The bridge is officially listed as "probably built by the monks of Waverley Abbey"; it is made of local rubble stone with thin slabs of Bargate stone set in mortar to form voussoirs over the arches. Its top is of 18th century bricks with no parapet but instead for safety, twentieth century wooden posts and railings. The east span consists of three arches and the west four. Pointed cutwaters to upstream side and rounded cutwaters, "very rare", to downstream side.[25]

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 150 77 27 14 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 770 268 35.1% 35.8% 803[1]

The proportion of households (a sizeable minority of which share buildings) in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free). The population has increased from 740 in the 2001 census.

Transport[edit]

Public Transport[edit]

A bus services operates in Hurtmore through the village taking people into the nearby town of Godalming.

The main line between London Waterloo and Portsmouth Harbour is accessible to the east at Farncombe, Godalming railway station and Godalming railway station is a similar distance (of about 2 miles (3.2 km) from nearer parts of Shackleford) in an ESE direction and has more trains per hour.[26]

Roads[edit]

An A3 intersection to local roads is directly between Norney and Hurtmore, which is one of three which can be used to access the town of Godalming.[7] Eashing can be accssed by bridleway and footpath under the A3 or from the A3 itself, not by local roads to the northwest.

External links[edit]

Shackleford
Eashing
Hurtmore

Notes and References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A prominent member of the Carpenters' Company one of the City's Livery Companies
References
  1. ^ a b c d Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ Domesday Book - from the Domesday Map website
  3. ^ J. E. B. Gover, A. Mawer, F. M. Stenton with A. Bonner The Place-names of Surrey English Place-Name Society Volume XI Cambridge University Press ISBN 978-0-904889-22-2 pp199–200
  4. ^ A family of Shackleford, or Shackelford, emigrated from Old Alresford, Hampshire to Virginia in the seventeenth century, eventually founding Shacklefords, Virginia. English Garter King of Arms Anthony Wagner believed their ancestors likely took the name from the Surrey village.
  5. ^ a b c d H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Godalming". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  6. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1188841)". National Heritage List for England .
  7. ^ a b c d e Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage
  8. ^ a b Church of St Mary Grade II listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029528)". National Heritage List for England .
  9. ^ a b Grid reference Finder measurement tools
  10. ^ a b Cranfield University National Soil Resources Institute
  11. ^ Samuel Lewis (editor) (1848). "Earnshill - Eastbourne". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  12. ^ The Bionic Vet - BBC series
  13. ^ Source: Reach4TheSky http://www.reach4thesky.co.uk/
  14. ^ Hurtmore Golf Club
  15. ^ Source: Beer in the Evening http://www.beerintheevening.com/pubs/s/69/6990/Squirrel_at_Hurtmore/Hurtmore/
  16. ^ The LodgeEnglish Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029516)". National Heritage List for England .
  17. ^ a b Norney GrangeEnglish Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029515)". National Heritage List for England .
  18. ^ Lodge to Norney Grange English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1188942)". National Heritage List for England .
  19. ^ Norney Farmhouse English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294498)". National Heritage List for England .
  20. ^ Norney Old House English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1377745)". National Heritage List for England .
  21. ^ Aldro School Grade II listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029521)". National Heritage List for England .
  22. ^ Mitchen Hall, Grade II listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294567)". National Heritage List for England .
  23. ^ Anglo-Saxon fortified centre at Eashing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1017720)". National Heritage List for England .
  24. ^ Eashing (old) Bridge Scheduling English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1002975)". National Heritage List for England .
  25. ^ a b Eashing Bridges Grade I listing English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1377743)". National Heritage List for England .
  26. ^ The Association of Train Operating Companies official timetable, London to Portsmouth