Ash, Surrey

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Coordinates: 51°14′55″N 0°43′29″W / 51.2487°N 0.7248°W / 51.2487; -0.7248

Ash
St Peter, Ash - geograph.org.uk - 1517252.jpg
St Peter's Church
Post Office, Ash Street, Ash, Surrey - geograph.org.uk - 111957.jpg
Ash Post Office
Ash is located in Surrey
Ash
Ash
 Ash shown within Surrey
Area  9.74 km2 (3.76 sq mi)
Population 17,166 (Civil Parish including Ash Vale)[1]
    - Density  1,762 /km2 (4,560 /sq mi)
District Guildford
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Aldershot
Postcode district GU12
Dialling code 01252
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Surrey Heath
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Ash is a village and civil parish in the far west of the borough of Guildford, Surrey. Ash is on the eastern side of the River Blackwater, with railway station on the Reading-Guildford-Gatwick line, and direct roads to Aldershot, Farnham and Guildford. The 2011 census counted the residents of the main ward of Ash, which excludes Ash Vale, as 6,120.[n 1][1] It is within the Aldershot Urban Area (the Blackwater Valley) and adjoins the riverside in the east of that large town; Ash has a small museum, large secondary school and a library.

Localities[edit]

The southern part of the parish, including St. Peter's Church and Ash village, is on the London Clay; but the greater portion, once including Frimley, covers the western side of the ridge of Bagshot Sands, which is divided from Chobham Ridges by the dip through which the Basingstoke Canal and railway run, and is known as Ash Common, Fox Hills and Claygate Common (now in Surrey Wildlife Trust and MoD use).[n 2] [2]

Ash Green[edit]

Ash Green is the community closer to the Hog's Back along which the east-west A31 runs and has Whitegate Copse and fields of crop agriculture as a green buffer on all sides though has no listed buildings[3]

The hamlet used to be served by Ash Green Halt. The railway station had two platforms, and was situated on the Tongham branch of the Alton line before becoming disused in 1937 along with Tongham railway station and ultimately the branch closing. Though the tracks have been long removed, the stretch of land from Tongham through Christmas Pie, where the route of the branch line still exists, is a popular attraction for cyclists and walkers. Ash Green Halt's station building complete with its Southern Railway-style sign still stands, and has been converted into a house.[4]

History[edit]

Of prehistoric artefacts a few neolithic implements, in the Surrey Archaeological Society's Museum at Guildford, have been recorded.[2]

There is no mention of a mill under Henley in Domesday Book, but it is certain that a mill existed at Ash from comparatively early times, for in 1322 the Abbot of Chertsey ordered a new windmill to be built at Ash. Windmills were comparatively new in England then, and it may have been in place of a small water-mill of earlier date. There seems no later record of it.[2]

The two manors existed. Ash (Esche, 7th century; Asshe, Assche, 14th century) shares with the other a prominent social history starting with at least the Norman period of the Domesday book whose commissioners wrote "Azor granted [part of Henley known as Ash] for his soul to Chertsey in the time of King William. Later a 1279 chartulary of Chertsey Abbey records the prohibition of any perpetual title of institutions (as the Abbey states, vulgarly called the prohibition of mortmain) as led here to 11 acres in Ash with sufficient common pasture for his flocks and herds being held by Robert de Zathe, while Geoffrey de Bacsete (Bagshot) and his brother William had 28 acres. The Atwaters of West Clandon also held land in Ash. Nonetheless, from the church's freehold, overall control passed from 1537 in the Dissolution of the Monasteries to Winchester College. Henley, also seen as Henle, (14th century) and Suth henle and Henle on the Heth usually to distinguish Henley on Thames has hosted a long list of prominent figures. The de Henley, de Molyns [n 3], the crown as owner from Edward I to Charles I, Arthur Squib whose daughter married its next owner John Glynne (judge), occupied briefly by the Duke of Roxburgh then via Glynne's granddaughter's husband, Sir Richard Child, created Earl of Tylney it then passed to ambassador and diplomat Solomon Dayrolles, upon whose death John Halsey bought it, whose family owned it from the 18th to 20th centuries.

The church is dedicated to St Peter which distinguishes it from the other English places named Ash (hamlets except for Ash, Kent with a church to St Peter and St Paul near Dartford).

Declared a parish, under Gilbert's Act, Ash was partly in the hundred of Godley and partly in Woking Hundred. It included in 1848 Frimley (a chapelry) and Normandy tything so altogether at that time had 2,236 inhabitants. The parish was and is intersected by the Basingstoke Canal and a branch of the South Western Main Line and comprised, with Normandy in, about 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), of which 2,041 acres (826 ha) were common or waste, see geology under Surrey, i.e. wet lowland heath; (and including Frimley, about 10,015 acres). The soil of Ash yielded sandstone, dug from its common, used for building for centuries; and:

[Locally] pebbles are found, susceptible of a bright polish, which are commonly called Bagshot diamonds. The village is long and scattered, and situated in a dreary part of the country: south-eastward of it is Henley Park, which, being on an eminence, forms a beautiful contrast with the wild heath around. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books [for land tax liability] at £15. 18. 11½.; net income, £473; patrons, the Warden and Fellows of Winchester College. The church [before] the dissolution of monasteries, was attached to the abbey of Chertsey... Dr. Young is said to have written a portion of the Night-Thoughts at the rectory-house, then the residence of Dr. Harris, who married a sister of the poet, and was incumbent from 1718 to 1759.[5]

Young's poem is particularly noted for original adages such as "procrastination is the thief of time". Wyke near Worplesdon was added to the parish in 1880,[2] however has changed parish council to that of Normandy.[6]

Significant homes and listed buildings[edit]

In 1911 Henley Park, and two in Normandy were recorded as significant historic homes.[2] The following are listed buildings:

  • St Peter's Church - Grade II* [7]
  • Azar Place - Grade II [8]
  • Tudor House - Grade II [9]
  • Ashe Grange - Grade II [10]
  • Oast house, Stable, Barn south of Ash Manor House - Grade II [11][12]
  • York House - Grade II [13]
  • Hartshorn - Grade II [14]
  • 92 Ash Street - Grade II [15]
  • Ashmead House - Grade II [16]
  • Merryworth - Grade II [17]
  • Ash Manor / Old Manor Cottage - Grade II [18]
  • The Post Office - Grade II [19]
  • Memorial Chapel- Grade II [20]

Education[edit]

In education, Ash has:

A museum occupies much of the large cemetery chapel.[22] There is a Surrey County Council library in the village with a helpdesk to assist also with the most common Guildford borough council services.

Youth outreach[edit]

The Normandy Youth Center sponsors community-based programs targeting youth in the area (especially marginal groups and minorities) for the purpose of increasing exposure to educational opportunities and building community cohesion.[23]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Ash United is the local football club, which currently plays in the Combined Counties League Premier Division. The club is on Youngs Drive, opposite Shawfield Park.

Other Transport Infrastructure[edit]

There are few frequent bus services serving the village, connecting to Farnborough, Blackwater, Farnham and Aldershot. The parish is also served by Ash Vale railway station with a direct London Waterloo service.

Famous residents[edit]

Demography and housing[edit]

See also: Tongham

The proportion of households in Ash Wharf, the central ward, who owned their home outright was 1.3% above the regional average. The proportion who owned their home with a loan was 3.7% above the regional average; providing overall a marginally lower proportion than average of rented residential property relative to that in Surrey, the district and the national average.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
Ash Wharf (ward) 6,120 2,578 33.8 38.8 322[1]
2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes Shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 2,090 2,619 1,536 1,027 56 2

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

Politics[edit]

Ash is in Surrey Heath (UK Parliament constituency), which since its inception been won by a conservative. Local government is administered by Guildford Borough Council and Surrey County Council.

At Surrey County Council, one of the 81 representatives represents the area within the Ash division.[25]

At Guildford Borough Council two wards are deemed appropriate, represented under the current constitution by two to three councillors.[26]

Guildford Borough Councillors
Election Member[26]

Ward

2010 Nick Sutcliffe Ash South and Tongham
2010 Paul Spooner Ash South and Tongham
2010 Stephen Mansbridge Ash South and Tongham
2013 Murray Grubb Ash Wharf
2010 Jayne Hewlett Ash Wharf
Surrey County Councillor
Election Member[27]

Electoral Division

2013 Marsha Moseley Ash

Localities[edit]

Notes and References[edit]

notes
  1. ^ Based on the main area of Ash Wharf (one of the wards of the United Kingdom) covering 3.22 km² whereas the Civil Parish had in 2011 a population of 17,549.[1]
  2. ^ Claygate Common in Ash is not to be confused with Claygate in the KT10 Esher postcode, Surrey
  3. ^ whose right unusually had included the right of erecting gallows on the soil of the manor, and of passing judgement on malefactors apprehended there; see also Chobham Common regarding highwaymen [2]
  4. ^ Cody's house - 'Valecroft' - at the junction of Frimley Road and Lysons Avenue, bears a blue commemorative plaque.[24]
references
  1. ^ a b c d e f Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ a b c d e f H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Ash". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Official map search for Listed Buildings
  4. ^ Ralph Rawlinson. "Arvans, St - Ashburton". Station Name: ASH GREEN HALT. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Samuel Lewis (editor) (1848). "Arvans, St - Ashburton". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Ash Parish Council
  7. ^ St Peter's Church English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029647)". National Heritage List for England.  with the Parker Chest Tomb
  8. ^ Azar Place English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029648)". National Heritage List for England. 
  9. ^ Tudor House English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029649)". National Heritage List for England. 
  10. ^ Ashe Grange English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029650)". National Heritage List for England. 
  11. ^ Oast House, Stable English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029651)". National Heritage List for England. 
  12. ^ Barn English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029652)". National Heritage List for England. 
  13. ^ York House English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1029653)". National Heritage List for England. 
  14. ^ Hartshorn English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1188299)". National Heritage List for England. 
  15. ^ 92 Ash Street English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1188315)". National Heritage List for England. 
  16. ^ Ashmead House English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1188335)". National Heritage List for England. 
  17. ^ Merryworth English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1188338)". National Heritage List for England. 
  18. ^ Ash Manor / Old Manor Cottage English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294794)". National Heritage List for England. 
  19. ^ The Post Office English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1294827)". National Heritage List for England. 
  20. ^ Memorial Chapel English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1390713)". National Heritage List for England. 
  21. ^ Ash Manor School
  22. ^ Ash museum history
  23. ^ Award for Mother Who Transformed Her Village; 18 October 2010 article; Get Surrey the website of the Surrey Advertiser and Surrey Herald; retrieved 30 January 2013.
  24. ^ Ash Parish Council. "Ash Parish Maps- Local Interest". Ash, Surrey: Ash Parish Council. Retrieved 11 June 2012.  (click on the red dot to see a photograph)
  25. ^ Electoral Divisions Surrey County Council. Retrieved 21 November 2013
  26. ^ a b Your local councillors Guildford Borough Council. Retrieved 21 November 2013
  27. ^ Your Councillor Surrey County Council. Retrieved 06 November 2013
  • Jenkinson, S. (1990). Ash and Ash Vale - A Pictorial History, Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 0-85033-773-9.

External links[edit]