St Peter's Church
Ash Post Office
Ash shown within Surrey
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Ash is a village and civil parish in the far west of the borough of Guildford, Surrey. Ash is on the eastern side of the River Blackwater, with railway station on the Reading-Ascot-Gatwick line, and direct roads to Aldershot, Farnham and Guildford. The 2001 census enumerated the residents as 6,071.[n 1]
The southern part of the parish, including St. Peter's Church and Ash village, is on the London Clay; but the greater portion, once including Frimley, covers the western side of the ridge of Bagshot Sands, which is divided from Chobham Ridges by the dip through which the Basingstoke Canal and railway run, and is known as Ash Common, Fox Hills, Claygate Common (now in Surrey Wildlife Trust and MoD use.[n 2] 
Ash Green 
Ash Green is the community closer to the Hog's Back along which the east-west A31 runs and has Whitegate Copse and fields of crop agriculture as a green buffer on all sides though has no listed buildings
Of prehistoric artefacts a few neolithic implements, in the Surrey Archaeological Society's Museum at Guildford, have been recorded.
There is no mention of a mill under Henley in Domesday Book, but it is certain that a mill existed at Ash from comparatively early times, for in 1322 the Abbot of Chertsey ordered a new windmill to be built at Ash. Windmills were comparatively new in England then, and it may have been in place of a small water-mill of earlier date. There seems no later record of it.
The two manors existed. Ash (Esche, 7th century; Asshe, Assche, 14th century) shares with the other a prominent social history starting with at least the Norman period of the Domesday book whose commissioners wrote "Azor granted [part of Henley known as Ash] for his soul to Chertsey in the time of King William. Later a 1279 chartulary of Chertsey Abbey records the prohibition of any perpetual title of institutions (as the Abbey states, vulgarly called the prohibition of mortmain) as led here to 11 acres in Ash with sufficient common pasture for his flocks and herds being held by Robert de Zathe, while Geoffrey de Bacsete (Bagshot) and his brother William had 28 acres. The Atwaters of West Clandon also held land in Ash. Nonetheless, from the church's freehold, overall control passed from 1537 in the Dissolution of the Monasteries to Winchester College. Henley, also seen as Henle, (14th century) and Suth henle and Henle on the Heth usually to distinguish Henley on Thames has hosted a long list of prominent figures. The de Henley, de Molyns [n 3], the crown as owner from Edward I to Charles I, Arthur Squib whose daughter married its next owner John Glynne (judge), occupied briefly by the Duke of Roxburgh then via Glynne's granddaughter's husband, Sir Richard Child, created Earl of Tylney it then passed to ambassador and diplomat Solomon Dayrolles, upon whose death John Halsey bought it, whose family owned it from the 18th to 20th centuries.
Declared a parish, under Gilbert's Act, Ash was partly in the first division of the hundred of Godley and partly in the first division of the Woking Hundred, included in 1848 Frimley (a chapelry) and Normandy tything and together at that time had 2,236 inhabitants. The parish was and is intersected by the Basingstoke Canal and a branch of the South Western Main Line and comprised, with Normandy, about 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), of which 2,041 acres (826 ha) were common or waste, see geology under Surrey, i.e. wet lowland heath; and including Frimley, about 10,015 acres. A type of sandstone, dug from the common, was used for building for centuries; and
[Locally] pebbles are found, susceptible of a bright polish, which are commonly called Bagshot diamonds. The village is long and scattered, and situated in a dreary part of the country: south-eastward of it is Henley Park, which, being on an eminence, forms a beautiful contrast with the wild heath around. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books [for land tax liability] at £15. 18. 11½.; net income, £473; patrons, the Warden and Fellows of Winchester College. The church [before] the dissolution of monasteries, was attached to the abbey of Chertsey. There is a chapel at Frimley. Dr. Young is said to have written a portion of the Night Thoughts at the rectory-house, then the residence of Dr. Harris, who married a sister of the poet, and was incumbent from 1718 to 1759.
Significant homes and listed buildings 
- St Peter's Church - Grade II* 
- Azar Place - Grade II 
- Tudor House - Grade II 
- Ashe Grange - Grade II 
- Oast house, Stable, Barn south of Ash Manor House - Grade II 
- York House - Grade II 
- Hartshorn - Grade II 
- 92 Ash Street - Grade II 
- Ashmead House - Grade II 
- Merryworth - Grade II 
- Ash Manor / Old Manor Cottage - Grade II 
- The Post Office - Grade II 
- Memorial Chapel- Grade II 
Ash has four schools situated in the village. These include Ash Grange, Walsh (CofE) , Shawfield and Ash Manor School. Ash Manor School also offers a nursery service called Friends.
Ash Manor Technology College has 1,013 students aged 11–16.
Youth outreach 
The Normandy Youth Center sponsors community-based programs targeting youth in the area (especially marginal groups and minorities) for the purpose of increasing exposure to educational opportunities and building community cohesion.
Sport and leisure 
Other Transport Infrastructure 
There are few frequent bus services serving the village, connecting to Farnborough, Blackwater, Farnham and Aldershot. The parish is also served by Ash Vale railway station with a direct London Waterloo service.
Famous Residents 
- John Glynne (judge), owner of Henley Park
- Solomon Dayrolles, diplomat, owner of Henley Park
- Lord Pirbright, tenant of Henley Park
- Sir Owen Roberts (educator), pioneer of technical education, tenant of Henley Park
- Samuel Cody, the aviation pioneer and the first man to fly a heavier-than-air machine in the British Isles, lived for the last two years of his life at Ash Vale, the neighbouring village in the same parish council.[n 4]
Notes and References 
- Based on the main area of Ash Wharf (Ward) whereas the whole Civil Parish has a population of 17,549.
- Claygate Common in Ash is not to be confused with Claygate in the KT10 Esher postcode, Surrey
- whose right unusually had included the right of erecting gallows on the soil of the manor, and of passing judgement on malefactors apprehended there; see also Chobham Common regarding highwaymen 
- Cody's house - 'Valecroft' - at the junction of Frimley Road and Lysons Avenue, bears a blue commemorative plaque.
- Census for Ash
- Census for the main ward, Ash Wharf
- H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Ash". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
- Official map search for Listed Buildings
- Samuel Lewis (editor) (1848). "Arvans, St - Ashburton". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
- Ash Parish Council
- St Peter's ChurchDetails from listed building database (1029647). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. with the Parker Chest Tomb
- Azar PlaceDetails from listed building database (1029648). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Tudor HouseDetails from listed building database (1029649). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Ashe GrangeDetails from listed building database (1029650). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Oast House, StableDetails from listed building database (1029651). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- BarnDetails from listed building database (1029652). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- York HouseDetails from listed building database (1029653). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- HartshornDetails from listed building database (1188299). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- 92 Ash StreetDetails from listed building database (1188315). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Ashmead HouseDetails from listed building database (1188335). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- MerryworthDetails from listed building database (1188338). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Ash Manor / Old Manor CottageDetails from listed building database (1294794). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- The Post Office Details from listed building database (1294827). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Memorial ChapelDetails from listed building database (1390713). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Ash Manor School
- Ash museum history
- Award for Mother Who Transformed Her Village; 18 October 2010 article; at Get Surrey News; retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Ash Parish Council. "Ash Parish Maps- Local Interest". Ash, Surrey: Ash Parish Council. Retrieved 11 June 2012. (click on the red dot to see a photograph)
- Jenkinson, S. (1990). Ash and Ash Vale - A Pictorial History, Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 0-85033-773-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ash, Surrey|
- Ash Residents Association
- Ash Parish Council
- Old photos
- Ash WWI roll of honour
- Ash WWII roll of honour
- Stained Glass Windows at St. Peter Ash, Surrey
- Stained Glass Windows at Store (former chapel) Ash, Cemetery, Surrey