Palmitoleic acid

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Palmitoleic acid
Palmitoleic acid.svg
Names
IUPAC name
(9Z)-Hexadec-9-enoic acid
Other names
Palmitoleic acid
cis-Palmitoleic acid
9-cis-Hexadecenoic acid
C16:1 (Lipid numbers)
Identifiers
373-49-9 YesY
ChemSpider 393216 N
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 445638
Properties
C16H30O2
Molar mass 254.41 g·mol−1
Density 0.894 g/cm3
Melting point −0.1 °C (31.8 °F; 273.0 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Palmitoleic acid, or (9Z)-hexadec-9-enoic acid, is an omega-7 monounsaturated fatty acid with the formula CH3(CH2)5CH=CH(CH2)7COOH that is a common constituent of the glycerides of human adipose tissue. It is present in all tissues but, in general, found in higher concentrations in the liver. It is biosynthesized from palmitic acid by the action of the enzyme delta-9 desaturase. A beneficial fatty acid, it has been shown to increase insulin sensitivity by suppressing inflammation, as well as inhibit the destruction of insulin-secreting pancreatic beta cells.[1]

Dietary sources[edit]

Palmitoleic acid can be abbreviated as 16:1∆9. Dietary sources of palmitoleic acid include a variety of animal oils, vegetable oils, and marine oils. Macadamia oil (Macadamia integrifolia) and sea buckthorn oil (Hippophae rhamnoides) are botanical sources with high concentrations, containing 17%[2] and 19% min to 29% max[3] of palmitoleic acid, respectively.

References[edit]