Palais de Justice, Paris

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Palais de Justice – gates of the cour d'honneur
The Cour du Mai
The south range

The Palais de Justice (French pronunciation: ​[palɛ də ʒystis]; English Palace of Justice), located in the Île de la Cité in central Paris, France, is built on the site of the former royal palace of Saint Louis, of which the Sainte Chapelle remains. Thus the justice of the state has been dispensed at this site since medieval times. From the sixteenth century to the French Revolution this was the seat of the Parlement de Paris. The Palais also contains the ancient structure of the Conciergerie, a former prison, now a museum, where Marie Antoinette was imprisoned before being executed on the guillotine.

The building was reconstructed between 1857 and 1868 by architects Joseph-Louis Duc and Honoré Daumet.[1] The exterior includes sculptural work by Jean-Marie Bonnassieux.

It was opened in October 1868 with little fanfare, save from a visit by Baron Haussmann, prefect of the Seine. It was awarded the Grand Prix de l'Empereur as the greatest work of art produced in France in the decade.[2]

Security is maintained by gendarmes.


  1. ^ Ayers 2004, p. 22. Daumet is sometimes spelled Dommey.
  2. ^ Van Zanten, David (1994). Building Paris: Architectural Institutions and the Transformation of the French Capital, 1830-1870. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. p. 211. ISBN 0-521-39421-X. 
  • Ayers, Andrew (2004). The Architecture of Paris. Stuttgart; London: Edition Axel Menges. ISBN 978-3-930698-96-7.

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Coordinates: 48°51′21″N 2°20′42″E / 48.855722°N 2.345051°E / 48.855722; 2.345051