Phetchaburi Province

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Phetchaburi
เพชรบุรี
Province
Cha Am Beach
Cha Am Beach
Official seal of Phetchaburi
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Phetchaburi Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Phetchaburi Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Phetchaburi town
Government
 • Governor Chai Phanitchaphonphan (since 2008)
Area
 • Total 6,225.1 km2 (2,403.5 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 36th
Population (2011)
 • Total 466,079
 • Rank Ranked 58th
 • Density 75/km2 (190/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 68th
Time zone Thailand Standard Time (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-76

Phetchaburi (Thai: เพชรบุรี (Pronunciation)) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Ratchaburi, Samut Songkhram and Prachuap Khiri Khan. In the west it borders Tanintharyi Division of Myanmar.Phetchaburi is one of the provinces of Thailand. It has a popular tree is called “Tann”. It has priceless pagoda in the mountain called “Phra Nakhon Khiri” or “Khao Wang”, which has an important historical value the palace called “Wang Ban Puen” was built during the reign of the King Rama 4. Phetchaburi has many temples e.g. Wat Khao Bandai It, Wat Tham Khao Luang, Wat Mahathat Worawihan and Wat Kamphaeng Laeng. Phetchaburi has beaches e.g. Hat Chao-Samran, Hat Puek-Tian, Hat Laem-Luang and Hat Cha-Am. Phetchaburi has national park called “Kaeng Krachan Nationak Park” which consists of a reservoir overlooking the beautiful scenery of its islands. Phetchaburi has a popular tradition like “Phra Nakhon Khiri Fair”. It occurs annually around the end of February at Khao Wang. It is held to commemorate an important history. “Thai Song Dam Festival” is held every year. It has a merit-making activity during festival.

Geography[edit]

Phetchaburi is located at the northern end of the Malay Peninsula, with the Gulf of Thailand to the East and the Tanaosi mountain range forming the boundary to Myanmar. Except these border mountains most of the province is a flat plain area. With an area of about 3000 km² the Kaeng Krachan National Park is Thailands largest national park, covering nearly half of the province. It protects mostly rainforests in the mountains along the boundary to Myanmar, but also the Kaeng Krachan reservoir is part of the park. The only significant river of the province is the Phetchaburi River.


Several caves are found in the province, most notable the Khao Luang caves near the capital city. Illuminated by a hole in the roof several Buddha statues are placed in the cave.

Climate data for Phatchaburi (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
36
(97)
37
(99)
35
(95)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
32.8
(91.3)
Average low °C (°F) 14
(57)
16
(61)
20
(68)
23
(73)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
19
(66)
15
(59)
20.4
(68.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.28)
5
(0.2)
20
(0.79)
71
(2.8)
179
(7.05)
121
(4.76)
144
(5.67)
232
(9.13)
191
(7.52)
97
(3.82)
21
(0.83)
3
(0.12)
1,091
(42.97)
[citation needed]

History[edit]

Khao Wang

Phetchaburi is an old royal city, dating back to the Mon of the 8th century. Later Khmer settled in the city, as can be seen by the prangs of Wat Kamphaeng Laeng.

In 1860 King Rama IV built a palace near the city of Phetchaburi, commonly known as Khao Wang, but its official name is Phra Nakhon Khiri. Next to the palace the king built a tower for his astronomical observations. On the adjoining hill is the royal temple Wat Phra Kaeo.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows the Khao Wang palace in the background. In front are rice fields bordered by two coconut palm trees, symbolizing the major crops in the province.

Provincial tree is Eugenia cumini.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Amphoe

The province is subdivided into 8 districts (amphoe), which are further subdivided into 93 communes (tambon) and 681 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Phetchaburi
  2. Khao Yoi
  3. Nong Ya Plong
  4. Cha-am
  1. Tha Yang
  2. Ban Lat
  3. Ban Laem
  4. Kaeng Krachan

Tourism[edit]

Sights[edit]

Hat Cha-am (หาดชะอำ) Appearing to have been frozen in time warp, midway between remaining a Thai-style resort, and modernising to meet international tastes and requirements, this extensive pine-fringed beach is considered to be one of the most popular beaches of Thailand.

Maruekhathaiyawan Palace (พระราชนิเวศน์มฤคทายวัน) This beachside wooden palace was formerly used as a royal summer residence by King Rama VI during the 1920s. Facing the open sea, the palace is referred to as the palace of love and hope”.

Huai Sai Wildlife Breeding Centre (ศูนย์เพาะเลี้ยงและขยายพันธุ์สัตว์ป่าห้วยทราย) 14 kilometres south of Cha-am at km. 220, a 4-kilometre branch road leads to the Huai Sai Wildlife Breeding Centre where wild animals, both mammals and birds, are conserved in its shady area.

Phra Nakhon Khiri Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พระนครคีรี) This covers a hilly area with an old palace and historical temples in the vicinity of the town. It consists of royal halls, temples and groups of buildings, constructed mostly in harmonious Thai, Western neoclassic and Chinese architectural styles.

Khao Bandai It (เขาบันไดอิฐ) This hill is 121 metres high and just 2 kilometres south of Khao Wang. It is the site of an ancient temple of the Ayutthaya Period. There are several caves called Tham Prathun, Tham Phra Chao Suea, and Tham Phra Phuttha Saiyat.

Tham Khao Luang (ถ้ำเขาหลวง) This cave houses a Buddha image cast by the royal command of King Rama V as a dedication to King Rama III and King Rama IV. At the foot of the Khao Luang Hill, there is a large monastery called "Wat Tham Klaep" or Wat Bun-thawi which has a very large hall and a chapel with beautifully carved door panels.

Wat Mahathat Worawihan (วัดมหาธาตุวรวิหาร) There is a five-topped pagoda constructed in accordance with the Mahayana concept housing Buddha’s relics. The stucco designs decorated on the viharn and the ubosot reflect the excellent skill of local craftsmen.

Wat Yai Suwannaram (วัดใหญ่สุวรรณาราม) The main shrine hall has no windows. It contains 300-year-old mural paintings of mythical angels. The hall also houses a preaching throne with intricate woodcarvings and gold gilt works of Bangkok design.

Wat Kamphaeng Laeng (วัดกำแพงแลง) This temple was originally a Khmer place of worship. It was later turned into a Buddhist temple and a shrine hall was constructed. However, the outlook of the place has not much changed due to the existence of sandstone walls and four Khmer style pagodas.

Phra Ram Ratchaniwet (พระรามราชนิเวศน์) This palace of European architectural style is originally called "Wang Ban Puen". King Rama V commanded it built as a rainy season palace in 1916. It was used to welcome and accommodate state visitors during the reign of King Rama VI.

Hat Chao Samran (หาดเจ้าสำราญ) Legend says that King Naresuan the Great and King Eka Thotsarot made several royal visits here and highly appreciated its beauty. The villagers thus rendered it a name "Hat Chao Samran", which means “Beach of Royal Leisure”.

Hat Puek Tian (หาดปึกเตียน) This wide and long beach is popular among Thai tourists. The most prominent landmark is a huge statue of a female giant standing in the sea.

Wat Khao Takhrao (วัดเขาตะเครา) This temple houses a highly revered sitting Buddha image called "Luang Pho Khao Takhrao". The image was found at the mouth of the Mae Klong River in Samut Songkhram by the villagers of Ban Laem, who migrated from Ban Laem to Samut Songkhram during the fall of Ayutthaya.

Hat Laem Luang (หาดแหลมหลวง) Located 4 kilometres north of Hat Chao Samran, this beach stretchs for 2 kilometres and is full of white sand.

Kaeng Krachan Dam (เขื่อนแก่งกระจาน) It is 760 metres long and 58 metres high, overlooking beautiful scenery of the reservoir and its islands.


Kaeng Krachan National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติแก่งกระจาน) This is the most extensive national park of Thailand and still largely unexplored. It was declared a national park on June 12, 1981, with clearly defined areas for a reservoir and year round green jungle in the Tanaosri Ranges, which are the origins of many rivers.

Tham Khao Yoi (ถ้ำเขาย้อย) It houses several Buddha images and was the place where King Mongkut practised meditation while he was in the monkhood.

Wat Kuti (วัดกุฏิ) This temple houses a Bot or rite hall made entirely from carved teak wood. The outer surface was carved into scenes depicting Buddha’s story and the door panels into openwork of intwined spray.

Lao Song or Thai Song Dam Tribal Villages (หมู่บ้านลาวโซ่งหรือไทยทรงดำ) These are found in many types of vicinity in Amphoe Khao Yoi, particularly at Ban Nong Prong and Ban Thap Khang. Their ancestors have migrated from Laos. In April, they organise their own social events with entertainment and folk plays.

Activities[edit]

Rafting along the Phetchaburi River (ล่องแก่งแม่น้ำเพชรบุรี) is an exciting adventure through the Kaeng Krachan National Park. The trip from Phetchaburi to the starting point takes 3 hours by 4-wheel drive truck and the raft trip takes some 5 hours passing a verdant forest and a Karen hilltribe village.

Local Products[edit]

Phetchaburi is famous for a vast variety of sweets. The reputation of these sweets stems from the use of Tanot (palm) sugar as some of their ingredients. Examples are Mo-kaeng, a sweet made from flour, sugar and eggs; A-lua and Sampanni, a sweet made from flour and sugar; Thong Yip, Thong Yot and Foi Thong, sweets made from baked egg-yolk; and Chao Tan Chueam (palm seed in thick syrup). Khao Chae (rice served with ice and sweetened meat) is a renowned local dish and is popular during the summer season as it cools you down. Khanomchin Thotman (rice noodles with fishcakes) is also a popular dish. Fruits are found in every season. Phetchaburi’s famous fruits are sweet and aromatic rose apples known as Chomphu Phet, fresh palm seeds, pineapples from Don Khun Huai, cantaloupes and gold bananas from Amphoe Tha Yang.

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Phra Nakhon Khiri Fair (งานพระนครคีรี) Phra Nakhon Khiri, also known as Khao Wang, is an important historical site. During the reign of King Rama IV, it served as the king’s out-of-town palace. To celebrate Phetchaburi’s cultural heritage-particular Phra Nakhon Khiri-the people of Phetchaburi hold the Phra Nakhon Khiri Fair regularly around the end of February at Khao Wang Compound. The five-day fair presents a parade of people enacting the procession of monarchs who ruled Phetchaburi; during the Dvaravati and Srivijaya Periods. Apart from that, there are exhibitions on Phetchaburi’s history and archaeological objects. Cooking demonstrations on the province’s famous dishes and sweetmeats are among the main attractions of the fair. Also featured are various kinds of entertainment and contests.

Thai Song Dam Festival (ประเพณีไทยทรงดำ) The festival is held annually on April 18 at Song Dam Village, Khao Yoi district. Apart from a merit-making ceremony, folk plays and the authentic cuisine of Thai Song Dam villagers are also on offer. Many villagers wear their traditional costumes

Reference[edit]

Author, if available. Phetchaburi Provincial Governoz's Office. http://www.phetchaburi.go.th/index2.php. Retrieved September 20, 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°6′38″N 99°56′47″E / 13.11056°N 99.94639°E / 13.11056; 99.94639