Pinar del Río
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|Pinar del Río|
The central avenue "Carrer José Martí"
Pinar del Río municipality (red) within
Pinar del Río Province (yellow) and Cuba
|Province||Pinar del Río|
|• Municipality||691.12 km2 (266.84 sq mi)|
|• Urban||70.7 km2 (27.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||61 m (200 ft)|
|• Density||269.1/km2 (697/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||+53 48|
Pinar del Río is a Cuban city, capital of Pinar del Río Province. With a city population of 139,336 (2004), in a municipality of 190,332, it is the 10th largest Cuban city. Inhabitants of the area are called Pinareños.
The municipality borders with San Luis, San Juan y Martínez, Viñales and Consolación del Sur. The villages included in the municipality are Briones Montoto, Cayo Conuco, La Coloma, La Conchita and Las Ovas.
Pinar del Río was one of the last major cities in Cuba founded by the Spanish. The city and province was originally founded as Nueva Filipinas (New Philippines) due to the large influx of Filipinos who had arrived by traveling on the Manila Galleons. They brought with them tamarind (also known as sampaloc), camisa de chinos, and arroz caldo (also known as arroz caldoso).
Known as Chinos Manila among the local population, the Filipinos worked the huge tobacco plantations much as they did in the present provinces of Ilocos Sur, Tarlac, Ilocos Norte, Cagayan and Isabela in their home country. During that time, the Spanish colonizers had a virtual monopoly of the tobacco trade through their company, the Tabacalera.
The world-renowned La Flor de Isabela cigars (named after Queen Isabella II) were first cultivated in the Philippines in the Hacienda San Fernando, Hacienda Isabel, Hacienda Antonio and the Hacienda Luisita (all of these haciendas were later purchased by the Tabacalera or the Compañia General de Tabacos de Filipinas). After Mexico declared independence (1815), the trade of the Manila Galleons was broken. The Tabacalera shifted the cultivation of these cigars to Cuba since the Philippines was too far to govern without Mexico in between. The Isabela cigars achieved much fame due in part to American appetite for cigars when Havana was a Las Vegas-style playground before the tenure of President Fidel Castro.
The main secondary education institution is the University of Pinar del Río.
In the 2002 national census, the following statistics were recorded:
- Area: 70.7 km² (city); 708 km² (municipality)
- Population: 189,221 (total); 152,200 (city); 30,417 (surrounding rural area)
- Density: 270,4 /km²
The city is served by the Carretera Central highway and by the A4 motorway. Pinar del Río Airport is abandoned and La Coloma Airport (IATA: LCL, ICAO: MULM) has no scheduled flights. There is a railway station on the line to Havana.
- Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07. (Spanish)
- "Cayo Conuco (Cuba) map - nona.net". nona.net. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pinar del Río.|
- (Spanish) Pinar del Río.cu
- (Spanish) Pinar del Río on EcuRed
- (Spanish) Pinar del Río on guije.com (historical infos)