Pinar del Río
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|Pinar del Río|
Pinar del Río Province (yellow) and Cuba
|Province||Pinar del Río|
|• Municipality||691.12 km2 (266.84 sq mi)|
|• Urban||70.7 km2 (27.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||61 m (200 ft)|
|• Density||269.1/km2 (697/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||+53 48|
Pinar del Río is a city in Cuba. It is the capital of Pinar del Río Province.
Inhabitants of the area are called Pinareños.
Neighborhoods in the city include La Conchita, La Coloma, Briones Montoto and Las Ovas.
Pinar del Río was one of the last major cities in Cuba founded by the Spanish. The city and province was originally founded as Nueva Filipinas (New Philippines) due to the large influx of Filipinos who had arrived by traveling on the Manila Galleons. They brought with them tamarind (also known as sampaloc), camisa de chinos, and arroz caldo (also known as arroz caldoso)
Known as Chinos Manila among the local population, the Filipinos worked the huge tobacco plantations much as they did in the present provinces of Ilocos Sur, Tarlac, Ilocos Norte, Cagayan and Isabela in their home country. During that time, the Spanish colonizers had a virtual monopoly of the tobacco trade through their company, the Tabacalera.
The world-renowned La Flor de Isabela cigars (named after Queen Isabella II) were first cultivated in the Philippines in the Hacienda San Fernando, Hacienda Isabel, Hacienda Antonio and the Hacienda Luisita (all of these haciendas were later purchased by the Tabacalera or the Compañia General de Tabacos de Filipinas). After Mexico declared independence (1815), the trade of the Manila Galleons was broken. The Tabacalera shifted the cultivation of these cigars to Cuba since the Philippines was too far to govern without Mexico in between. The Isabela cigars achieved much fame due in part because of the American's appetite for cigars when Havana was a Las Vegas-style playground before the tenure of President Fidel Castro.
The main secondary education institution is the University of Pinar del Río.
In the 2002 national census, the following statistics were recorded:
- Area: 70.7 km² (city); 708 km² (municipality)
- Population: 189,221 (total); 152,200 (city); 30,417 (surrounding rural area)
- Density: 270,4 /km²
- Danys Báez, currently plays for the Philadelphia Phillies
- Mario Bencomo, an internationally exhibited painter
- René Capo, moved to the United States at an early age, becoming an Olympic Judoka.
- Willy Chirino, Cuban Singer-Song Writer
- Yunesky Maya, pitcher for the Washington Nationals
- Rudy Pérez, composer and producer
- Alexei Ramírez, currently plays for the Chicago White Sox
- Pedro Pablo Oliva - painter
- Rudy Pérez - Composer
- Dagoberto Valdez - religious leader/writer
- Gonzalo Rubalcaba - Pianist
- Sen Dog - musician
- Tony Oliva
Polo Montañez: Cuban singer and songwriter.
- Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07. (Spanish)
- "Cayo Conuco (Cuba) map - nona.net". nona.net. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pinar del Río.|
- (Spanish) Pinar del Río.cu