Pinar del Río

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For other uses, see Pinar del Río (disambiguation).
Pinar del Río
Municipality
The central avenue "Carrer José Martí"
The central avenue "Carrer José Martí"
Coat of arms of Pinar del Río
Coat of arms
Pinar del Río municipality (red) within  Pinar del Río Province (yellow) and Cuba
Pinar del Río municipality (red) within
Pinar del Río Province (yellow) and Cuba
Pinar del Río is located in Cuba
Pinar del Río
Location of Pinar de Río in Cuba
Coordinates: 22°24′44″N 83°40′19″W / 22.41222°N 83.67194°W / 22.41222; -83.67194Coordinates: 22°24′44″N 83°40′19″W / 22.41222°N 83.67194°W / 22.41222; -83.67194
Country  Cuba
Province Pinar del Río
Founded 1774
Area[1]
 • Municipality 691.12 km2 (266.84 sq mi)
 • Urban 70.7 km2 (27.3 sq mi)
Elevation 61 m (200 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Municipality 190,532
 • Density 269.1/km2 (697/sq mi)
 • Urban 154,107
 • Urban density 2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
Demonym Pinareños
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code 20100-20300
Area code(s) +53 48
Vehicle registration P
Highways Carretera Central
The historical building "Fruti Cuba", located in city centre

Pinar del Río is a Cuban city, capital of Pinar del Río Province. With a city population of 139,336 (2004), in a municipality of 190,332, it is the 10th largest Cuban city. Inhabitants of the area are called Pinareños.

Geography[edit]

The municipality borders with San Luis, San Juan y Martínez, Viñales and Consolación del Sur. The villages included in the municipality are Briones Montoto, Cayo Conuco,[3] La Coloma, La Conchita and Las Ovas.

History[edit]

Pinar del Río was one of the last major cities in Cuba founded by the Spanish. The city and province was originally founded as Nueva Filipinas (New Philippines) due to the large influx of Filipinos who had arrived by traveling on the Manila Galleons. They brought with them tamarind (also known as sampaloc), camisa de chinos, and arroz caldo (also known as arroz caldoso).

Known as Chinos Manila among the local population, the Filipinos worked the huge tobacco plantations much as they did in the present provinces of Ilocos Sur, Tarlac, Ilocos Norte, Cagayan and Isabela in their home country. During that time, the Spanish colonizers had a virtual monopoly of the tobacco trade through their company, the Tabacalera.

The world-renowned La Flor de Isabela cigars (named after Queen Isabella II) were first cultivated in the Philippines in the Hacienda San Fernando, Hacienda Isabel, Hacienda Antonio and the Hacienda Luisita (all of these haciendas were later purchased by the Tabacalera or the Compañia General de Tabacos de Filipinas). After Mexico declared independence (1815), the trade of the Manila Galleons was broken. The Tabacalera shifted the cultivation of these cigars to Cuba since the Philippines was too far to govern without Mexico in between. The Isabela cigars achieved much fame due in part to American appetite for cigars when Havana was a Las Vegas-style playground before the tenure of President Fidel Castro.

Economy[edit]

The city is located in a major tobacco-growing area and is a centre of the cigar industry. The main farming tool in this province is the carabao which is similar to the carabaos in the Philippines.

Education[edit]

The main secondary education institution is the University of Pinar del Río.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2002 national census, the following statistics were recorded:

  • Area: 70.7 km² (city); 708 km² (municipality)
  • Population: 189,221 (total); 152,200 (city); 30,417 (surrounding rural area)
  • Density: 270,4 /km²

In 2004, the municipality of Pinar del Río had a population of 190,532.[2] With a total area of 708 km2 (273 sq mi),[1] it has a population density of 269.1 /km2 (697 /sq mi).

Transport[edit]

The city is served by the Carretera Central highway and by the A4 motorway. Pinar del Río Airport is abandoned and La Coloma Airport (IATA: LCLICAO: MULM) has no scheduled flights. There is a railway station on the line to Havana.

Sport[edit]

The local baseball club is Pinar del Río, nicknamed Vegueros, and the association football one is the FC Pinar del Río. Both the clubs have their home ground in the Capitán San Luis Stadium.

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07. 
  2. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07.  (Spanish)
  3. ^ "Cayo Conuco (Cuba) map - nona.net". nona.net. Retrieved 2011-02-14. 

External links[edit]