Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department

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Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department
Common name Port Authority Police Department
Abbreviation PAPD
PAPD Patch.jpg
Memorial Uniform Patch of 37 Fallen PAPD Police Officers on 9/11/2001
PAPD Badge.jpg
Shield of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department
Ny-nj port authority flag.gif
Flag of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department.
Motto Pride - Service - Distinction
Agency overview
Formed 1928
Preceding agency Port Of New York Authority
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* City of New York in the state of New York & New Jersey, USA
Legal jurisdiction New York and New Jersey
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
Operational structure
Headquarters The Port Authority Technical Center Jersey City, New Jersey
Police Officers 2200
Agency executives
  • Michael A. Fedorko, Superintendent of Police/Director of Public Safety
  • Louis Koumoutsos, Chief of Department
Parent agency The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Facilities
Commands/Facilitiess
Website
Official Site
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department, or Port Authority Police Department (PAPD), is a law enforcement agency in New York and New Jersey, the duties of which are to protect all facilities owned or operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, and to enforce state and city laws at all the facilities. The PAPD is operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, a bi-state government agency running the bridges, tunnels, airports, and seaports within the Port of New York and New Jersey. Aside from its bridges, tunnels, airports and seaports, the PAPD is responsible for other Port Authority properties. These include the Port Authority's two bus terminals, one in New York City by Times Square and the other on the George Washington Bridge, the World Trade Center in lower Manhattan, and the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) train system that runs between New Jersey and Manhattan. The PAPD provides services to over 500 million travelers yearly who use the vast transportation system operated by the Port Authority.

The PAPD is the largest transportation-related police force in the United States,[1] and the 26th largest police force in the United States.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The Port Authority Police Department was created in June 1928 when 40 men were selected to police the Goethals Bridge and Outerbridge Crossing (then known as the Arthur Kill Bridge). These original officers were known as Bridgemen, nine of whom were later promoted to the rank of Bridgemaster, or Sergeant.

The force grew in number with the opening of Port Authority facilities such as the Holland Tunnel in 1927, three Metropolitan Airports and a Marine Terminal in the 1940s, and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in the 1950s. The Port Authority also assumed control of the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) system, formerly known as The Hudson and Manhattan Tubes.[citation needed]

Airports[edit]

The PAPD protects three major airports: Newark Liberty International, John F. Kennedy International, and LaGuardia, which handle over 80 million air passengers, over 1.1 million aircraft movements, and over 2.5 million tons of air cargo annually. Policing these aviation facilities involves a wide variety of duties. Police personnel cover screening points, respond to all aircraft incidents, and aid travelers from all parts of the world. Escorting and protecting visiting dignitaries is provided for on a daily basis. The PAPD also patrols the Port Authority-owned Teterboro Airport in New Jersey, which is much smaller than the other three airports and operates only general aviation aircraft. The PAPD does not currently patrol the Port Authority-operated Stewart International Airport, which is patrolled by the New York State Police.

The PAPD is also responsible for fire fighting and crash emergency rescue at the four airports and for all other aircraft emergency incidents. Police personnel assigned to fire and rescue duty are highly trained in all phases of these functions including the operation of sophisticated and complex equipment, and as of 2013, are dedicated to the fire-rescue operation and do not perform law enforcement duties except in emergencies.[citation needed]

Marine terminals[edit]

Police operations at Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal, Howland Hook, Port Jersey, and the Red Hook, Brooklyn piers include traffic control and the prevention and investigation of cargo thefts. PAPD officers are stationed at all ports.[citation needed]

Structure[edit]

Badge 1012 was worn by Police Officer George Howard who died in the collapse of the WTC on 9/11.

The department's headquarters is located at the Port Authority Technical Center in Jersey City, New Jersey. The nerve center of the force is the Central Police Desk, which is located at Journal Square. It is staffed around-the-clock and is the hub of the communications network. There, personnel are assigned to needed areas, all radio transmissions are monitored, and computer terminals are integrated into the NY & NJ Intelligence and Crime Information Systems as well as the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) in Washington, D.C.. Information received from these sources is supplied to officers in the field when needed. Approximately 200,000 passengers use the PATH system daily. The system's stations are monitored by video surveillance to aid police personnel.

At the Holland and Lincoln Tunnels, the Bayonne, Goethals, and George Washington Bridges, and the Outerbridge Crossing, the duties of PAPD officers are patrol, traffic control, hazardous cargo inspections, truck weigh and emergency services, as well as enforcement for violations of motor vehicle laws. Police at these crossings have also instituted programs that maintain a constant campaign against drunk driving. The Port Authority operates the largest and busiest bus terminal in the nation, accommodating 57 million bus passengers and over 2.2 million bus movements in 2001. Police assignments demand a broad range of functions, everything from locating lost children to aiding everyday commuters. They are responsible for the general security of the facility utilizing a variety of patrol tactics. Police Officer/Social Worker teams patrol the bus terminal and identify youngsters who may be runaways, throwaways, or missing persons. They provide crisis intervention counseling, placement with social service agencies, and reunions with families when appropriate. The Port Authority also owns the World Trade Center site and Port Authority Trans-Hudson, and the PAPD is responsible for the general safety and security of those facilities.[citation needed]

Criminal Investigations Bureau[edit]

The Criminal Investigations Bureau consists of over 100 detectives and supervisors that are specifically trained for crimes occurring at transportation facilities. During the past year the Criminal Investigations Bureau has worked on computerized airline ticket fraud, and property and drug interdictions[when?]. They have seized over 10 million dollars of goods including 35 kg (77 lb) of narcotics. Additionally, the Criminal Investigations Bureau has worked cooperatively with Local, State, and Federal agencies in the fight against crime. Some of these agencies include the New Jersey State Police, the New York City Police Department, United States Customs and Border Protection and the United States Drug Enforcement Agency. Members of the Criminal Investigations Bureau also work as part of the FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force to prevent terrorist activities in the region.[citation needed]

Emergency Services Unit[edit]

PAPD Emergency Services Unit patch

The Port Authority Police Emergency Services Unit was founded in 1983, over the objections of the Port Authority Police management at that time. Working with the non-police PATH railroad personnel and railroad management, who clearly recognized the need for a rapid response to PATH railroad emergencies and fires, a small group of Port Authority Police officers assigned to the PATH command asked for, and got, a stock Port Authority utility truck which was converted for police emergency use. Despite the continued objections of P.A. Police management, the PATH railroad management's goal of having an "Emergency Response Vehicle" operated by the police bore fruit. The initial team members were trained in underground rescue, extrication of passengers from PATH train cars and first aid, with emphasis on the procedure of lifting railroad cars from trapped persons by use of Vetter air bags. Prior to the PATH Emergency Unit, emergencies which occurred on the PATH train were handled by the local police within the jurisdictions around the PATH train (Jersey City, New York, Newark, etc.).[2]

Emergency Services Unit members, who have received specialized training to respond to emergency and rescue operations that arise at Port Authority facilities or in other jurisdictions when their expertise is requested are currently assigned to various facilities throughout the Port Authority. Emergency Services Unit members may receive training in the following areas; animal control, hazardous material response, heavy weapon use, bridge and water rescue and tactical operations. Noteworthy cases that the Emergency Services Unit has handled or assisted other jurisdictions in handling include:[2]

Canine Units[edit]

The Port Authority Police Department formed its first canine unit with three patrol dogs; Prince, Bear, and Rex, and three police officer handlers in September 1985. There were two assigned to PATH and one assigned to the Port Authority Bus Terminal. They were trained by the NYC Transit Police canine unit located in Brooklyn N.Y. They began patrol in December 1985. The Port Authority Police Department formed its Canine (police dog) Explosive Detection Unit in the fall of 1996 in response to the crash of TWA Flight 800 off the coast of Long Island that summer. The department subsequently expanded the unit to include a K-9 Narcotics Detection Unit.

The Canine unit, which consists of 45 police officers, three sergeants, one inspector, and 48 dogs, patrols all Port Authority facilities on a 24-hour basis.[citation needed]

Port Authority Police officers who are members of the K-9 unit must pass a challenging and demanding physical, a physical agility course, participate in a group interview and complete a minimum of 400 hours of K-9 training. The most popular dog in the unit is the German Shepherd. The unit also has Labradors, a Belgium Shepherd and a Golden Retriever. The dogs are trained to detect either explosives or narcotics, but not both.[3]

The unit currently has 40 dogs trained to detect explosives, including 22 certified by the federal Transportation Security Administration. There are eight dogs trained in narcotics detection.

The canine explosive detection teams patrol and search aircraft, airline and cargo buildings, bus terminals, subway stations, vehicles, and unattended luggage and packages. The K-9 narcotic detection teams patrol and perform a variety of searches at Port Authority facilities and are also used by many other government agencies.

This unit experienced what might be the first loss ever of an American police dog due to international terrorism when Sirius, PAPD Badge #17, died in the collapse of the World Trade Center's South Tower. Sirius' remains were recovered in 2002, and ceremoniously removed with full honors.[4]

Motorcycle Unit[edit]

A PAPD Unit parked.

The Port Authority Police Department operates a motorcycle unit that consists of a sergeant and 13 police officers. The unit is responsible for patrolling Port Authority tunnels and bridges, with the primary duties of traffic enforcement, truck checks, VIP movements and funeral details.

Each member of the unit is assigned their own motorcycle. Before joining the unit, each member must complete the Northwestern University/Harley Davidson Police Officer Training Program.[5]

The original motorcycle unit was disbanded in 1956 after Police Officer James Calandra was struck and killed while on motorcycle patrol.

Firefighting and Crash Emergency[edit]

In June 1998, the Port Authority Police Department opened a state-of-the-art Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting Fuel Spill Trainer Facility at John F. Kennedy International Airport. The facility, one of the largest of its kind in the nation, is used to train Port Authority Police officers in aircraft rescue and firefighting techniques. It allows officers to train for emergency situations in a controlled environment. The centerpiece of the training center is a 125-foot-diameter (38 m) pit that uses clean-burning propane to simulate a fire. It also features a 75-foot (23 m)-long aircraft mockup with a broken wing section. Computer controls allow for the creation of firefighting scenarios that vary in size, difficulty and intensity.[6] Each year, more than 600 Port Authority officers are cross-trained as aircraft rescue firefighters for the region's three major airports - John F. Kennedy International, Newark Liberty International, and LaGuardia airports.[6]

Port Authority Police assigned to aircraft rescue and firefighting undergo rigorous training twice a year to achieve and maintain Federal Aviation Administration certification.[6]

Aviation Unit[edit]

A PAPD S-76 in March 2010

After undertaking a study, the PAPD in July 2010 decided to disband its aviation unit, elimination of which will save an estimated $4 million annually in labor, fuel and maintenance costs. In addition, selling the fleet’s two Sikorsky S-76 helicopters is expected to net over $8 million.

During an eight-month review period from August 2008 through April 2009, the choppers made 258 flights, 228 of which were security patrols of Port Authority-operated airports, bridges, tunnels, and other properties. Not a single unusual incident was spotted during these patrols, according to a Wall Street Journal report. One flight was made in response to the US Airways 1549 “Miracle on the Hudson” incident, but the New York City Police Department waved off the PAPD’s assistance. Other flights were made to take aerial photos of facilities. The review also discovered that the Port Authority was the only airport operator in the U.S. to use patrol helicopters.[7]

Training[edit]

Recruits typically receive 25 weeks of intensive training at the Port Authority Police Academy, which is located in Jersey City, NJ, with a Regional Training Center located at Kennedy Airport. Training given to recruits includes New York and New Jersey law, behavioral sciences, public relations, police practices and procedures, laws of arrest, court procedures and testimony. They are also trained in rules of evidence, defensive tactics, first aid, fire fighting, police patrol and traffic duty, firearms training, defensive and pursuit driving, water safety and rescue. Throughout their careers, Port Authority Police officers return to the Academy both for refresher courses and for training in new techniques added to the curriculum.

The Koebel Memorial Police Firearms Training Center is dedicated to the memory of Police Officer Henry J. Koebel, who was killed in the line of duty in May 1978. The Police Academy uses state-of-the-art equipment where the staff operates eighteen shooting ports within this computerized firearms training facility. Features include moveable target lights and noise controls, shoot/don't shoot situations, as well as standard marksmanship instruction.

Rank structure[edit]

There are ten sworn titles (referred to as ranks) in the Port Authority Police Department:

Title Insignia Uniform Shirt Color
Chief of Department
4 Gold Stars.svg
White
Deputy Chief
3 Gold Stars.svg
White
Assistant Chief
2 Gold Stars.svg
White
Inspector
Colonel Gold.png
White
Deputy Inspector
US-O4 insignia.svg
White
Captain
Captain insignia gold.svg
White
Detective Lieutenant
Lieutenant
US-O1 insignia.svg
White
Detective Sergeant
Sergeant
NYPD Sergeant Stripes.svg
Dark Blue
Detective
Police Officer
Blank.jpg
Dark Blue

Promotion to the ranks of sergeant and lieutenant are made via competitive civil service examinations. Promotion to detective and the higher ranks is at the discretion of the Police Superintendent/Director of Public Safety.

Power and authority[edit]

Port Authority Police officers are classified as police officers in New Jersey and as New York State police officers under paragraph e, subdivision of the state Criminal Procedure Law. With the status of police officer, they are permitted to serve warrants, make arrests, use physical and deadly force, carry and use firearms, carry and use handcuffs, and issue summonses.

Equipment and vehicles[edit]

A PAPD Jeep Cherokee parked near the World Trade Center construction site.

All Port Authority Police officers are equipped with a firearm, expandable baton, can of pepper spray, handcuffs, whistle, flashlight, bullet resistant vest, and a radio that is directly linked to the Central Dispatcher and other Port Authority officers.

Currently, the department utilizes numerous vehicles in its fleet including Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptors, Chevrolet Impalas, Chevrolet Suburbans, Dodge Chargers, and Harley Davidson motorcycles. The department also utilizes numerous boats.

Salary[edit]

The Port Authority Police salary has been a subject of the local press for a few years. The PAPD is known to have overtime which makes the job very desirable to many police officers from other agencies.

Deaths on the line of duty[edit]

The PAPD has had 46 police officers die in the line of duty. The Port Authority Police Department suffered the worst loss of life ever in a single event in the history of policing in the United States of America. On September 11, 2001, 37 police officers entered the World Trade Center during the terrorist attacks on the complex and subsequently lost their lives saving others. The police officers lost that day ranged from rookie patrolmen to the Chief of the Department.[8]

Officer's Name End Of Watch Cause Of Death
Patrolman Charles Kessler
Sunday, December 16, 1951
Accidental
Police Officer James Calandra
Monday, November 19, 1956
Motorcycle Accident
Police Officer Hitler M. Mcleod
Friday, November 3, 1961
Gunfire
Police Officer Bertram Winkler
Tuesday, March 21, 1972
Heart Attack
Police Officer Arthur M. Ansert
Monday, October 8, 1973
Vehicular Assault
Police Officer Henry J. Koebel
Friday, May 26, 1978
Gunfire
Police Officer William J. Perry
Monday, December 22, 1980
Gunfire
Police Officer Scott R. Parker
Monday, September 5, 1983
Gunfire
Police Officer David P. Lemagne
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Chief James Romito
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Richard Rodriguez
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Captain Kathy Mazza
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Liam Callahan
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer James Lynch
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Director Of Public Safety Fred V. Morrone
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer James Nelson
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Uhuru Gonja Houston
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Clinton Davis
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Alfonse Niedermeyer
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Paul Laszczynski
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Nathaniel Webb
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer John Lennon
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer George Howard
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Michael Wholey
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Inspector Anthony Infante
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Lieutenant Robert Cirri
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Kenneth Tietjen
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer John Levi
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Thomas Gorman
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Dominick Pezzulo
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Antonio Rodrigues
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Sergeant Robert Kaulfers
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Donald McIntyre
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Donald Foreman
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Christopher Amoroso
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Walter McNeil
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Maurice Barry
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Joseph Navas
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer James Parham
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Walwyn Stuart
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Bruce Reynolds
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer John Skala
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Gregg Froehner
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Stephen Huczko Jr.
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
Police Officer Paul Jurgens
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack
K9 Sirius
Tuesday, September 11, 2001
Terrorist Attack

Terrorist attacks[edit]

On February 26, 1993, the Port Authority's World Trade Center complex was the target of terrorist attacks. On September 11, 2001, the complex was the target of terrorist attacks for a second time.

The complex housed over 50,000 employees and accommodated 70,000 visitors per day; the efforts of the Port Authority Police, the New York City Police, the New York City Fire Department, New York City EMS, New York City Sheriff's Office, New York State Court Officers, and federal law enforcement officers, along with countless others, helped to minimize the loss of life. The Port Authority Police suffered the worst loss of police personnel in a single event in American history: 37 police officers along with one police K-9, named Sirius, were killed on September 11.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Reaves, Brian A. (July 2011). "Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008". U.S. Department of Justice. 
  2. ^ a b PAPD ESU Unit
  3. ^ PAPD K-9 Unit
  4. ^ "A Tribute to PAPD K-9 Officer Sirius". National September 11 Memorial & Museum. Retrieved Sep 2013. 
  5. ^ PAPD Motorcycle Unit
  6. ^ a b c PAPD Firefighting and Crash Emergency Unit
  7. ^ Molnar, Matt (July 10, 2010). "Port Authority Grounds Its Police Helicopters". NYC Aviation. 
  8. ^ The Officer Down Memorial Page

External links[edit]