Goethals Bridge

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Goethals Bridge
Goethals Bridge.JPG
The Goethals Bridge, seen from Staten Island
Carries 4 lanes of I-278
Crosses Arthur Kill
Locale Elizabeth, New Jersey and Howland Hook, Staten Island, New York, United States
Maintained by Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Design Cantilever bridge
Total length 7,109 ft (2,167 m)[1]
Width 62 ft (19 m)[1]
Longest span 672 ft (205 m)[1]
Vertical clearance 14 ft (4.3 m)
Clearance below 140 ft (43 m)[1]
Opened June 29, 1928; 86 years ago (1928-06-29)
Toll (eastbound only) As of 1 December 2013; Cars $13 for cash, $11 for Peak (E-ZPass), $9 for off-peak (E-ZPass)
Daily traffic 78,291 (2010)[2]
Goethals Bridge is located in New York City
Goethals Bridge

The Goethals Bridge /ˈɡɒθəlz/ connects Elizabeth, New Jersey to Staten Island (New York City), near the Howland Hook Marine Terminal, Staten Island, New York, United States over the Arthur Kill.[3] Operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the span was one of the first structures built by the authority. On the New Jersey side it is located south of Newark Airport, 2 exits from the New Jersey Turnpike-Newark Bay Extension. The bridge has been grandfathered into Interstate 278, and named for Major General George Washington Goethals, who supervised construction of the Panama Canal and was the first consulting engineer of the Port Authority.[4]

Design[edit]

A steel truss cantilever design by John Alexander Low Waddell, who also designed the Outerbridge Crossing, the Goethals is 672 ft (205 m) long central span, 7,109 feet (2,168 m) long in total, 62 feet (19 m) wide, has a clearance of 135 feet (41.1 m) and has four lanes for traffic.[3] The Port Authority had $3 million of state money and raised $14 million in bonds to build the Goethals Bridge and the Outerbridge Crossing; the Goethals bridge construction began on September 1, 1925 and cost $7.2 million. It and the Outerbridge Crossing opened on June 29, 1928.[5] The Goethals Bridge replaced three ferries and is the immediate neighbor of the Arthur Kill Rail Bridge. Its unusual[3] mid-span height was a requirement of the New Jersey ports.

Connecting onto the New Jersey Turnpike, it serves as one of the main routes for traffic between New Jersey and Brooklyn via the Staten Island Expressway and the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge. Until the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge was completed in 1964 the Goethals Bridge never turned a profit. The same happened to the Outerbridge Crossing. The total traffic in 2002 was 15.68 million vehicles.

The Goethals Bridge holds two 10-foot-wide (3.0 m) lanes in each direction, which do not meet the 12-foot (3.7 m) requirement of modern highway design standards. The bridge also has no shoulders for emergency access, or pedestrian walkways or bike paths. A completely new bridge that will address these deficiencies is now under construction. An initial study in 1997 concluded that the optimal solution would be a parallel span. However, a more recent study suggested that the existing span had only 10 years of life left, even with the recent deck rehabilitation, and that the optimal solution was an entirely new span. The choosing of the full replacement option was followed by the submittal of several design alternatives, alongside a "no build" option. It is likely that a new bridge would also include additional lanes of traffic, high-speed E-ZPass lanes, and a reconstruction and widening of Interstate 278 from exit 4 in New York (NY 440 South) to NJ 439 in New Jersey.

Bridge replacement[edit]

Goethals Bridge as seen from New Jersey
A 3D rendering of the potential replacement bridge
A diagram comparing the four replacement alternatives and their position relative to the current bridge

The bridge is slated to be replaced.[6] There is no pedestrian or bicycle access, although this was available in the past[7] and is planned in the replacement bridge.[8] The new bridge will be a Cable-stayed bridge and will have three 12-foot travel lanes in each direction, a 12-foot outer and 5-foot inner shoulder in each direction, as well as a 10-foot walkway/bikeway on the New Jersey-bound side of the bridge. In addition, there will be an area between the eastbound and westbound roadways capable of accommodating a possible future mass transit link.[9]

The initial alternatives put forth in summer 2006 included the option of twin three-lane replacement bridges north and south of the current alignment, which was completely eliminated; and twin three-lane replacement bridges (one south, and one along the current alignment), with the latter being built after the demolition of the current bridge, which was refined to be a single-span bridge instead of twin bridges. The reason for the dropping of twin-bridge alternatives in fall 2007 was a request by the FAA to decrease the height of the bridge's towers to prevent interference for flights into and out of Newark Liberty International Airport.

All alternatives propose the bridge be a single level, cable-stayed, double spans, separated by towers with a height of 135 feet (41 m) above the high-water mark of the Arthur Kill shipping channel. Each deck would have three 12 ft (3.7 m) lanes with a 12 ft (3.7 m) outer shoulder and 5 ft (1.5 m) inner shoulder and the northern deck would feature a 10 ft (3.0 m) pedestrian walkway. In addition, permanent access roads would be built under the bridge on land for maintenance, security, and construction purposes.[10] Lastly, "sufficient space" will be left to accommodate potential mass-transit services.

Some consideration was given for mass transit. The studies indicate a bus-only lane was not economically viable, but that a high-occupancy vehicle lane open to buses as well as high-occupancy autos would be appropriate during rush hours if traffic supported it. Provision for rail transit was rejected; however, it was decided that whatever alternative was constructed, the design and structural integrity of whatever was constructed should ideally be able to be retrofitted for such at a later date. The suggestion for a freight rail connection was dismissed as uneconomic.[citation needed] Also as part of the construction, improvements to approaches and nearby interchanges will be made. These will include the New Jersey Turnpike Exit 13 toll plaza (and perhaps the entire interchange), the Staten Island Toll Plaza, and the Interstate 278/NY 440 Interchange. In addition, while separate from the Bridge Replacement Project, the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) may[citation needed] construct full movements at the Interstate 278/U.S. Route 1/9 Junction to coincide with the bridge's replacement.

Public open houses have been held in Staten Island and Elizabeth, and the Draft EIS has been issued. Formal public hearings on the DEIS were held in July 2009.[11]

Toll[edit]

As of December 1, 2013, the cash tolls going from New Jersey to New York are $13 for cars and motorcycles; there is no toll for passenger vehicles going from New York to New Jersey. E-ZPass users are charged $9.00 for cars and $8.00 for motorcycles during off-peak hours (outside of 6–10 a.m. and 4–8 p.m. on the weekdays; and outside of 11 a.m.–9 p.m. on the weekends) and $11.00 for cars and $10.00 for motorcycles during peak hours (6–10 a.m. and 4–8 p.m. on the weekdays; and 11 a.m.–9 p.m. on the weekends).[12]

Starting on December 7, 2014, the cash tolls going from New Jersey to New York are $14 for cars and motorcycles; there is no toll for passenger vehicles going from New York to New Jersey. E-ZPass users are charged $9.75 for cars and $8.75 for motorcycles during off-peak hours (outside of 6–10 a.m. and 4–8 p.m. on the weekdays; and outside of 11 a.m.–9 p.m. on the weekends) and $11.75 for cars and $10.75 for motorcycles during peak hours (6–10 a.m. and 4–8 p.m. on the weekdays; and 11 a.m.–9 p.m. on the weekends). [13]

In popular culture[edit]

The Goethals Bridge is featured in the opening credits of The Sopranos.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Facts & Info - Goethals Bridge". Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  2. ^ "2010 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. Appendix C. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  3. ^ a b c Jackson, Kenneith T.; New York Historical Society (1995). The Encyclopedia of New York City. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 471. ISBN 0300055366. 
  4. ^ "Happy Bridge Birthday". Staten Island Advance. June 27, 2008. Retrieved 2010-09-16. "The Goethals Bridge, which links Elizabeth, N.J., with Mariners Harbor across the Arthur Kill, was named in memory of Major General George Washington Goethals. Goethals was the builder of the Panama Canal, and served as the first consulting engineer of the Port Authority." 
  5. ^ "Two Bridges Open Over Arthur Kill. Traffic Between Staten Island and New Jersey Begins at 5 A.M. Without Ceremony. New Bus Service Starts. Borough President Lynch Will Ask Legal Action to Bar It as Bad for Business.". The New York Times. June 30, 1928. p. 35. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  6. ^ Higgs, Larry (April 25, 2013). "Port Authority planning its first new bridge since 1930s". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  7. ^ "Long Distance Voyager". Retrieved 2012-12-04. 
  8. ^ "Bridges and Tunnels". Retrieved 2012-12-04. 
  9. ^ "Goethals Bridge Replacement". Retrieved 2012-12-04. 
  10. ^ "Refinement of Alternatives for EIS Analysis". Retrieved 2012-12-04. 
  11. ^ "Draft EIS Published". Retrieved 2012-12-04. 
  12. ^ http://www.panynj.gov/bridges-tunnels/tolls.html
  13. ^ "New Toll Fare Rates for the Bridges & Tunnels Effective December 7, 2014 at 3:00 AM". Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. Retrieved 2014-11-19. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°38′9″N 74°11′49″W / 40.63583°N 74.19694°W / 40.63583; -74.19694