Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders

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Princess Gwenevere
& the Jewel Riders
Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders.jpg
Cover of the 2005 Digiview DVD release Wizard's Peak
Also known as Starla & the Jewel Riders[1]
Genre Adventure
Comic fantasy
Musical
Created by Robert Mandell
Written by Robert Mandell
Christopher Rowley
Robin Young
James Luceno
Katherine Lawrence
Linda Shayne
Mary Stanton
Directed by Robert Mandell
Peter Fernandez (recording)
James Tang (animation)
Voices of Kerry Butler
Jean Louisa Kelly
Corinne Orr
Deborah Allison
Laura Dean
John Beach Voiceguy
Bob Kaliban
Peter Fernandez
Henry Mandell
Theme music composer Jeff Pescetto
Composer(s) Jeff Pescetto (songs)
Louis Fagenson (score)
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 2
No. of episodes 26 (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s) Allen J. Bohbot
Joseph Cohen
Robert Mandell
Ralph Sorrentino
Producer(s) Winnie Chaffee
Eleanor Kearney
Raissa Roque
Running time 22 minutes
Production company(s) New Frontier Entertainment[2]
Enchanted Camelot Productions[2]
Golden Films
Broadcast
Original channel Syndication
Original run September 9, 1995 (1995-09-09)[3] – December 12, 1996 (1996-12-12)

Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders (PGJR, also known outside of North America as Starla & the Jewel Riders, and sometimes misspelled as "Princess Guinevere"[note 1]) is a 1995 American comic fantasy-themed animated children's television series produced by Bohbot Productions and Hasbro in association with Hong Ying Animation. It was internationally syndicated by Bohbot Entertainment in the version where the title character renamed to Starla. The series was primarily aimed for young girls and had two seasons of thirteen episodes each in 1995-1996; the third season has been reportedly planned for the fall 1998 season, but it was then apparently cancelled.

The plot follows the quest of a young princess of Avalon, Gwenevere (Starla), and her friends, Fallon and Tamara, to find and secure the scattered enchanted jewels in order to stop the evil Lady Kale from taking over the kingdom, restore harmony in magic, and bring the banished Merlin home. In the second season, the Jewel Riders receive more powers and new costumes to battle the returning Kale and the mighty Morgana for more magical jewels that too need to be kept out the grasp of dark forces.

Jewel Riders is in many ways similar to The Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers and both the series had the same creator and director, Robert Mandell, as well as some of its writers, notably Christopher Rowley. The series was initially planned as an adaptation of Dragonriders of Pern and came in the wake of Bohbot's earlier take on the Arthurian legend, King Arthur and the Knights of Justice, and shares similarities with the magical girl subgenre of anime and to some preceding American cartoons. It also later became the basis for the novel series and an upcoming film Avalon: Web of Magic.

Plot[edit]

The show's action is set in the legendary island of Avalon, here portrayed as a fairy tale style kingdom utopia that keeps its magical energies in check by the seven Crown Jewels, each representing a different area of the realm. The series takes place after a thousand years[6] passed since the good wizard Merlin's initial victory over the wicked Queen Morgana. In the original version of the show, the title character has her name similar with Arthur's wife, Guinevere; other Arthurian characters in the show include Merlin and Lady of the Lake.[7][8][9] Mentored by the ageless Merlin, the Jewel Riders are the young female champions of goodness and magical guardians of New Camelot, who uphold the laws of the peaceful land and defend its people for generations. But with their teacher Merlin suddenly gone, the trio of current of Jewel Riders, the kingdom's traditional adolescent girl defenders aided by their animal friends, get tasked with recover the mystical Enchanted Jewels that are essential for controlling the dangerous wild magic. Avalon's fate rests with the Jewel Riders, the latest incarnation of which consists of the 16-year-old[10] Princess Gwenevere (Gwen) and her friends, Fallon and Tamara. Along the way, the protagonists must contend with ruthless efforts of Gwen's evil aunt, Lady Kale, who has vowed to master all the magic of Avalon no matter the consequences. An emphasis is set on the "power of friendship", which enables the Jewel Riders to overcome their adversaries.[11] In the second season, the threat to Avalon is not over yet and it gets worse with an introduction of an even more dangerous adversary for the Jewel Riders to best. Instead of Crown Jewels, Gwen and her friends seek out another cache of magical gems while still fighting against the forces of darkness over the control of them, and trying to contain the growing chaos in the magic.

First season[edit]

The story is set up during the two-part pilot episode "Jewel Quest". Princess Gwenevere, the young daughter of the rulers of Avalon, Queen Anya and King Jared, is being prepared by Merlin for the day when she would meet a bonded animal friend to share their own themed Enchanted Jewels with them. Gwen is yet to be given the magic of the royal Sun Stone in the sacred Circle of Friendship Ceremony, while her best friends Tamara and Fallon already wield the magic of the Moon Stone and the Heart Stone; their jewels, besides their own different powers, are allowing them to "ride" the tunnels through the alternate dimension of Wild Magic, as well as to communicate with their Special Friends - the magic animals of which each shares with them a similar gemstone as part of their neck collars. Gwen needs first to search for herself such an animal and thus to fulfill her destiny and become the new leader of the Jewel Riders. Suddenly, a disaster strikes when the vengeful Lady Kale, an outlaw princess sister of Queen Anya, discovers the powerful Dark Stone and uses it to overpower Merlin, sending him into the perilous dimension of Wild Magic. The power-hungry Kale wants to tune the magic of all Crown Jewels of the Kingdom to herself, so she can use it to take over Avalon and rule over it for all time. But Merlin is not destroyed and manages to thwart her plans by breaking the jewels' setting and sending all seven Crown Jewels back to the lands from where they had come, scattering them wide across Avalon. Unfortunately, once the bond of Crown Jewels is broken, magic is no longer stable and flows out of control, causing dangerous outbreaks until they are brought back together. Retrieving them is also the only way the Riders can free Merlin from being lost in the limbo of Wild Magic, and thus their titular quest begins. The girls are often assisted by the Pack, a teenage male trio of wolf-riding Knights of Avalon wielding the Forest Stones. Using the magic of the Enchanted Jewels and their friendship, they team up to prevent the constantly scheming Kale from gaining more power, reclaim the Crown Jewels, and save Merlin and the kingdom.

Gwen succeeds in getting her Special Friend, which turns out to be Sunstar, a rescued winged unicorn. Each of the Jewel Riders has her own Enchanted Jewel, which enables them to wear a Jewel Armor and travel safely through Wild Magic and reach various locations. Along their odyssey they are guided by the talking Travel Trees that act as transport stations through the invisible Wild Magic tunnels. For most of the episodes, the primary storyline is the Jewel Riders' quest of locating and securing each of the seven Crown Jewels before Lady Kale can take hold on them first, or to win them back if she does.[note 2] During the two-part dramatic finale of the first season (in "Revenge of the Dark Stone" and "Full Circle"), Kale succeeds in seizing control of the Jewel Keep at the Crystal Palace, along with the gathered Crown Jewels, and becomes near-almighty. She overthrows Anya, time-freezes everyone in the New Camelot, unleashes the dark magic onto Avalon, strips the Riders of their own magic, and makes herself a new queen of the kingdom. Kale then prepares to finish-off Merlin so she can steal his magic and reign forever, but he pulls her into Wild Magic and holds her there for long enough for the girls to release the positive magic of the Crystal Palace. Not aware of this, Kale attempts to absorb the powers of the Crown Jewels but it goes wrong and she is disintegrated and sucked into the Wild Magic. The girls then discover that they have entuned the Crown Jewels to their own personal jewels, enabling them to channel all the magic of Avalon.[6] In doing so, however, they also squandered a chance of solving the magic crisis for good, as well as a chance of freeing Merlin, who he has sacrificed his own staff jewel.

Second season[edit]

The girls realize that the Crown Jewels have given them a set of new 'Level Two' armor and magic seven times more powerful than before, and so they have now at their disposal far greater magic than they ever dreamed possible but it is difficult to use.[6] But the dark forces are hardly done for yet. Inside the Wild Magic, Lady Kale's dispersed essence is unexpectedly summoned towards a floating palace, where she materializes and meets her accidental rescuer, who turns out be none other than the ancient, elf-like sorceress Morgana, the creator and original wielder of the Dark Stone. A millennium ago, Morgana had led a failed conspiracy conceived many by her and the other ancient wizards, but theywere defeated by Merlin and were banished into Wild Magic. Without her jewel, she has remained trapped there ever since then. When she realizes that the Dark Stone now belongs to Kale and she cannot command it, the two grudgingly decide to join their forces against Merlin, and Morgana sends Kale back to Avalon so she can look for the other Wizard Jewels. The Jewel Riders need learn to master their enhanced powers while they continue their quest to bring Merlin home and protect Avalon, and soon they come face-to-face with Morgana and realize that they are facing a formidable new enemy.

The seven Wizard Jewels are just as hard to find as the Crown Jewels were, as they are scattered in various magical places beyond Avalon. Through most of the season the Riders are now trying to capture the jewels before they may fall into the hands of Morgana, who wants to use their magic to complete her conquest.[note 3] During one her adventures, Gwen meets a handsome but mysterious young man called Ian (a good werewolf who later comes to her rescue her during the final battle), falling in love with him, and Tamara finds a magical animal for herself, which turns out to be a striped unicorn named Shadowsong. At the same time, Lady Kale also seeks the Wizard Jewels for herself while supposedly working for/with Morgana. During the series' two-part conclusion (in "Lady of the Lake" and "The One Jewel"), set in the Heart of Avalon, Gwen is given the magic Staff of Avalon by the Lady of the Lake (the Spirit of Avalon). She uses it and the collected Wizard Jewels to vanquish Kale and her minions, turning them to stone, and to save hers friends from this fate. In the final episode, the Riders and their various friends band together to battle Morgana in a test of skills and wits over the Wizard Jewels. It seems that Morgana prevailed, but she forgot about the now masterless Dark Stone, which was picked up by Gwen. In the final showdown taking place in the center of the Wild Magic, the princess is aided by their friends to fuse the Dark Stone with the Sun Stone, and captures the ultimate One Jewel that Morgana forged from the Wizard Jewels. Merlin then uses it against Morgana and her wizards to rid the land of evil once for all, and restores the balance to the magic at last.

Characters[edit]

Voice actors Peter Fernandez (left) and Corinne Orr (right) with a fan at New York Anime Festival 2007

The titular trio of teenage Jewels Riders consist of Gwenevere / Starla (voiced by Kerry Butler in the first season and Jean Louisa Kelly in the second season), whose Special Friend is the winged unicorn Sunstar (Deborah Allison), and her friends: Fallon (Allison), riding Moondance the unicorn princess (Barbara Jean Kearney), and Tamara (Laura Dean), who in the second season gets the "zebracorn" Shadowsong (Henry Mandell).[8] Each of their jewels has different magical abilities and their own colors and corresponding gemstones of various powers, also allowing them to communicate with their animals.

The series' main antagonist is initially Lady Kale (Corinne Orr, who also voiced Kale's good sister Queen Anya), Gwen's aunt who has become an "outlaw princess" and now uses magic for evil. She is aided by her animals: Grimm the dragon (Peter Fernandez) and a duo of small dweasel[6] creatures named Rufus and Twig (John Beach Voiceguy and Henry Mandell, respectively). The prime enemy in the second season is Morgana (Deborah Allison), with Kale reduced to her insubordinate sidekick.

Gwenevere her friends are being aided by the Merlin's talking owl named Archie (John Beach Voiceguy). In their missions, the Jewel Riders are also sometimes assisted by the Pack, led by Gwen's aspiring boyfriend Drake (Voiceguy) and also consisting of Josh (Bob Kaliban) and Max (Peter Fernandez). In the second season, a relatively major character comes into the story: Ian (Kaliban), the man-wolf prince of the Forest of Arden who falls in love with Gwen. Other recurring characters include Gwen's parents King Jared (Kaliban) and Queen Anya (Corinne Orr), the Travel Trees (Kaliban), and Guardian the genie (Kaliban).

Episodes[edit]

The series had two seasons of 13 episodes each, all of them directed by Robert Mandell. The final two of them were differently titled in the UK Starla version, which was used in other foreign markets as well:

No Title Writer(s) No Title Writer(s)
1 "Jewel Quest" Robert Mandell
Shelly Shapiro (uncredited)[12]
14 "Morgana" Robert Mandell
2 "Jewel Quest" (part 2) Robert Mandell
Shelly Shapiro (uncredited)[12]
15 "Shadowsong" Robin Young
3 "Travel Trees Can’t Dance" Christopher Rowley
Robin Young
16 "Fashion Fever" Christopher Rowley
Robin Young
4 "Wizard’s Peak" James Luceno
Robin Young
17 "The Wizard of Gardenia" James Luceno
5 "Song of the Rainbow" Mary Stanton
Robin Young
18 "Vale of the Unicorns" Katherine Lawrence
6 "For Whom the Bell Trolls" Marianne Meyer
Robin Young
19 "Prince of the Forest" Robin Young
7 "The Faery Princess" Linda Shayne
Robin Young
20 "The Jewel of the Sea" Linda Shayne
8 "Badlands" Katherine Lawrence
Robin Young
21 "Trouble in Elftown" Laraine Arkow
Marlowe Weisman
9 "Home Sweet Heart Stone" Robin Young 22 "The Wishing Jewel" Laura Munro
10 "Love Struck" James Mattson 23 "Mystery Island" Robin Young
11 "Dreamfields" Robin Young 24 "The Fortune Jewel" Robin Young
12 "Revenge of the Dark Stone" Christopher Rowley
Robin Young
25 "Lady of the Lake"
("Spirit of Avalon")
Robert Mandell
Christopher Rowley
13 "Full Circle" Christopher Rowley
Robin Young
26 "The Last Dance"
("The One Jewel")
Robert Mandell
Christopher Rowley

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders was produced by the New York-based[13] studios New Frontier Entertainment and Enchanted Camelot Productions for Bohbot Productions (later BKN) in 1995.[3] The series was produced by much of the team behind the late 1980s science fiction cartoon The Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers, including the creator, co-writer and main director of both shows, Robert Mandell, after a long development process. Despite a similar theme and title, there are no connections with King Arthur and the Knights of Justice, which was Bohbot Entertainment's own other Arthurian-inspired cartoon series that have been produced earlier in 1992-1993. It was originally supposed to be a cartoon adaptation of the Dragonriders of Pern series of fantasy novels by Anne McCaffrey but nothing came out of it.[14] The series was renamed repeatedly in the course of its development, including to "Enchanted Jewel Riders" sometime in late 1994 or early 1995 and "Princess Guinevere & Her Jewel Adventures" in March 1995,[15][16] before ultimately becoming Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders (which was again retitled as Starla & the Jewel Riders for the export version).

One of the several work-in-progress titles for the show was "Enchanted Camelot," which was acquired as such in March 1994 by LIVE Entertainment (along with Skysurfer Strike Force and Highlander: The Animated Series[17]).[18][19] Enchanted Camelot had some major differences in its character design.[20] The August 1994 draft script for the pilot episode of Enchanted Camelot ("Enchanted Quest", which would become "Jewel Quest") was also different in many various aspects.[12][note 4]

Bohbot's press kit for the series described it as "classic story-telling," incorporating "strong themes of friendship, teamwork, responsibility and conflict resolution without violence."[3] According to The Buffalo News, "the production team intended for the Jewel Riders to serve as positive role models for girls."[21] The animation work on the series was done in Taiwan by Hong Ying Animation;[22] one of the show's character designers was the future Emmy Award winner[23] Rob Davies, and the overall design was Jane Abbot, with Billy Zeats and Greg Autore serving as art directors. Each episode was constructed as an animated minimusical,[1] aimed at children aged four and older.[24] It was the first series scored by Louis Fagenson.[13] The show's CGI effects were created by Ian Tetrault in Autodesk 3ds Max and Adobe After Effects. The actress for Gwenevere/Starla was changed for the second season because Kerry Butler had to go to Canada for Beauty and the Beast. The series has not been renewed for 1997, but there were some rumours about the third season being planned for 1998.[25][26]

Promotion[edit]

According to Robert Mandell, the show was originally commissioned by Hasbro through reverse toyetic to accompany their line of toys (albeit only in the form of vague outline and the creators developed the plot and the characters).[27] However, according to Variety, Bohbot "took the Princess Gwenevere concept to Hasbro Toys, which after extensive market research, put itself enthusiastically behind the project, collaborating in equal partnership with Bohbot on the development of the property."[28] A national "Watch and Win" contest in February 1996 offered viewers the opportunity to win Princess Gwenevere videos and toys if they mailed in the correct code words from the show.[29]

Release[edit]

Television broadcasts[edit]

The show has was first broadcast in the United States in 1995-1996 on Bohbot Entertainment's "Amazin'! Adventures" block and had U.S. coverage of 80 percent and aired on 106 stations.[30][31] Internationally, Jewel Riders was shown in more than 130 other countries[note 5] by 2000,[43] when it was acquired by Fox Kids Europe in 2000.[44]

VHS and DVD[edit]

There were four VHS releases in America by Family Home Entertainment between January 1996[29] covering only part of the first season and consisting of Jewel Quest (episodes "Jewel Quest Part 1" and "Jewel Quest Part 2"), Wizard's Peak ("Wizard's Peak" and "Travel Trees Can't Dance") and For Whom the Bell Trolls ("For Whom the Bell Trolls" and "The Faery Princess"),[45] followed by Full Circle ("Revenge of the Dark Stone" and "Full Circle") in July 1996.[46] Leading up to the release date, Hasbro and Toys 'R' Us offered an episode from the program on video for free with the pre-order purchase of a related toy.[29] The UK (Carlton Video 1997) and French (Warner Home Video 2000) VHS releases include also some episodes from the second season.

In 2005, the rights for the DVD retail in the United States and Canada were given to Digiview Entertainment,[47] which has reserved the right to release the show onto DVD and announced plans to released the first two volumes in 2006 and subsequent volumes over the course of the next year. However, the only DVD actually released by Digiview was Wizard's Peak, containing the first five episodes of the show and available in the Wal-Mart stores. Though it says "Princess Gwenevere & the Jewel Riders" on the cover, the actual show on the DVD is the international version (Starla & the Jewel Riders); in the case of both the cover and the show itself, the Starla-style title fonts (similar to the title fonts in Gargoyles) are used in the logo,[48] and the disc appears to be region-free. The complete first season was released on DVD in France in 2008 dubbed into French, and the whole series was released in Serbia the same year with voice-over translation into Serbo-Croatian.[49]

Internet broadcasts[edit]

In 2008-2009, the series has been available to be watched for free in a streaming media form on the Lycos Cinema service (later Kidlet). In 2009, the show was also made freely available for users of the Internet service SyncTV (available online from the browser for the American users and downloadable for watching for the others); while it was titled as Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders, it was actually the Starla version.[50] In 2011, the Starla version became available for streaming through Netflix for the users in the United States,[51] expanded to the entire first season in 2012.[52] The first two episodes ("Jewel Quest") have been also put on YouTube by 41 Entertainment, a new company founded by the producer Allan J. Bohbot.

Merchandise[edit]

The Hasbro/Kenner[31] toy line had two series of action figures for the girls of ages 4 and up: the first series contains Princess Gwenevere (Starla), Sun Power Gwenevere, Tamara, Fallon, Drake, Lady Kale, Sunstar, and Moondance; and the second series contains Deluxe Princess Gwenevere (Starla), Deluxe Tamara, and Deluxe Fallon.[53] According to Time to Play, the action figures' sales "bombed".[54] In the fall of 1996, Hasbro planned to reintroduce revamped versions of the figures as well as new characters from the animated series. The toys had a television advertising campaign featuring a 30-second commercial.[29]

Other merchandise included a series of collectable trading cards released by the Upper Deck Company in 1996,[55] a "play-a-sound" children's illustrated sound book by Nancy L. McGill based on the first two episodes and published by Publications International that same year,[56] Panini Group collectible stickers,[57] a makeup kit,[58] Happy Meal and Long John Silver's premium toys, lunchboxes, clothing items, and such. There were also unrealized plans to produce a video game adaptation[59] and the series' theme song was included on Mastermix's TV SETS CD 14.[60]

Reception[edit]

Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders was reported to be "struggling with a 0.6 national Nielsen rating among girls 2-11" in 1995 and Bohbot hoped heavy promotion of the merchandise products would raise awareness of the show.[61] Nevertheless, it was the most popular of the first-run cartoon series in the 1995 edition of Bohbot's "Amazin' Adventures II" weekend syndicated package.[3] Daily Herald reported it has become "the number one syndicated television show in the U.S. among girls 6 to 11" in 1996.[62] It was reported that Starla became "a huge hit" when it was shown in France. First broadcast there in April 1996, it reached the top of the channel France 3's ratings in children’s time slots with a 77.6 percent market share average, proving "that action, knights and fantastic stories work very well with boys, too."[33]

According to Video Librarian, "a cross between She-Ra: Princess of Power and the saccharine My Little Pony, the Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders series is standard Saturday morning cartoon fodder."[63] Scott Moore of The Buffalo News compared the "underwhelming" Princess Gwenevere to the "overhyped" Sailor Moon.[64] Bert Olton opined in Arthurian Legends on Film and Television that "Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders combines all the worst elements of minimalist cartooning, modern commercialism and vacuous storytelling with a tiny portion of Arthurian legend."[9] Rob Bricken of Topless Robot ranked Princess Gwenevere fifth on his 2009 list of "most ridiculous" adaptations of Arthurian legend, commenting that shows like that "were clearly made to take advantage of a small, low-aiming school of girl-oriented action cartoons, but it ultimately lost out to a slightly more tolerable Japanese import."[65] Kathleen Richter of Ms. tongue-in-cheek called the show "so sexist and racist" for how it has "the powerful female figure demonized as evil and the main character blond and blue-eyed."[66]

On the other hand, according to Billboard, "there are life lessons to be learned along the way, and the program in general promotes brains over brawn."[67] Similarly, Keith Busby wrote in Arthurian Literature that "the series appeals to young girls and teaches them the values of friendship."[2] Alan and Barbara Lupack's opined in King Arthur in America that the show, "with its strong female heroine, is interesting in part because it is designed primarily for girls."[30] Marshal Honorof of The Escapist wrote: "Back in my day...little women watched, I don't know, Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders, or something;"[68] Obscurus Lupa from That Guy with the Glasses said she "feakin' loved" the show when she was a child.[69] The series has also succeeded with some male audience as well.[70] Tom's Guide described it as similar to the 1990s Dungeons & Dragons cartoon in being "a traditional swords-and-sorcery adventure with stand-alone episodes and an emphasis on making kids laugh rather than bogging them down with the dour intrigue or blood-soaked combat of most medieval fantasy stories."[71]

Legacy[edit]

Main article: Avalon: Web of Magic

In 2001, Rachel Roberts began writing her contemporary fantasy book series Avalon: Web of Magic loosely based[59][72] off the show and borrowing various concepts and names (even some of the episode titles), as well as lyrics from some of the songs used in Jewel Riders. As of 2012, the series consists of 12 novels, as well as the three-volume graphic novel adaptation, titled Avalon: The Warlock Diaries.[73] A film adaptation of Avalon: Web of Magic was announced in 2012.[72]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (Los Angeles Times) "Princess Guinevere & The Jewel Riders: Animated action-adventures of three teen gals and their animal best friends who save Avalon from the evil Lady Kale."[4]
    (The San Diego Union - Tribune) "Another entry is Princess Guinevere and the Jewel Riders,' also taking off on magic powers and saving the world, but adding an evil sorceress to the mix."[5]
  2. ^ The seven Crown Jewels consist of the Jewel of the North Woods (in "Travel Trees Can't Dance"), the Jewel of the Burning Ice found in the Tower of Glog at the Wizard's Peak in the snow-covered mountains (in "Wizard's Peak"), the Rainbow Jewel found inside the Rainbow Falls (in "Song of the Rainbow"), the Misty Rose Jewel found in the Misty Moors (in "For Whom the Bell Trolls"), the Desert Star Jewel of the Great Desert found in the magical realm of Faeryland (in "The Faery Princess"), Jewel of the Dreamfields (in "Dreamfields"), and the Jewel of the Jungle found in the hidden lair of the legendary witch queen Morgana (in "Revenge of the Dark Stone"). In the 1994 draft script, there was supposed to be ten Stones.[12]
  3. ^ The seven Wizard Jewels consist of the Unicorn Jewel (in "Vale of the Unicorns"), the Jewel of Arden (in "Prince of the Forest"), the Garden Jewel (in "The Wizard of Gardenia"), the Jewel of the Sea (in "The Jewel of the Sea"), the Time Stone (in "Mystery Island"), the Fortune Jewel (in "The Fortune Jewel"), and the Dark Stone itself.
  4. ^ Besides some different names (notably Guinevere "Gwen" for Gwenevere, Melody for Tamara, Alexanda "Alex" for Fallon, Amber for Sunstar, Midnight for Moondance, Queen Angelene for Queen Anya, and Shawn for Drake), also featured more major characters including Gwen's younger sister Tara and the Pack's fourth member Brand with his wolf Blazer, and apparently more violent/mature themes (for instance, Kale uses "...or die" instead of merely "...or be lost forever" and then attempts to physically literally destroy Merlin instead of sending him into wild magic). Camelot would also be the name of the entire land (and not Avalon), there would be ten Stones of the Kingdom instead of seven, the dweezels were simply a pair of weasels, and the Dark Stone would be just a generic untuned wild magic Enchanted Jewel instead of Morgana's own.[12]
  5. ^ It was aired in Austria and Germany on RTL 2 in 1996 and on ORF 1 (as Starla und die Kristallretter),[32] in Bulgaria (as Принцеса Старла и сияйните ездачи), in Canada on YTV, in Croatia (as Princeza Starla i cuvari dragulja), in Estonia on TV 1 (as Printsess Starla), in France on France 3 in 1996 (as Princesse Starla et les Joyaux magiques),[33] in India on Hungama TV,[34] in Italy on Italia 1 (as Starla e le sette gemme del mistero),[35] in Romania on TVR1 (as Printesa Starla), in Norway (as Prinsesse Starla og Juvelridderne), in Philippines on GMA Network (as Starla at ang mga Jewel Riders), in Poland on RTL 7 in 1997 (as Starla i Jeźdźcy),[36] in Portugal on SIC and Canal Panda (as Starla e as Jóias Encantadas),[37] in Russia (as Принцесса Старла и повелители камней),[38] in Serbia (as Старла и небески јахачи), in Spain under the titles of La princesa Starla (TVE1 in 1996)[39] and Starla i les amazones de les joies (Catalonian language TV3 / K3 in 2006),[40][41] in Sweden on Canal+, FilmNet and TV 3 (as Starla och juvelriddarna),[42] and in the United Kingdom on GMTV in early 1990s and re-run on Pop Girl in 2009.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Starla and the Jewel Riders". Bknkids.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  2. ^ a b c Keith Busby, Arthurian Literature XVIII, 2001 (p. 250).
  3. ^ a b c d Hal Erickson, Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 2005 (p. 642-643).
  4. ^ N.F. Mendoza, Carrey On : Fall Kids' Shows Reprise Popular Masks, Fins and Sleuths - Page 2, Los Angeles Times, September 3, 1995.
  5. ^ "Girls get the chance to be heroes -- super", The San Diego Union - Tribune, September 9, 1995.
  6. ^ a b c d http://scribd.com/doc/222291141/Jewel-Riders-Episode-14-Morgana-Script
  7. ^ Ann F. Howey, Stephen Ray Reimer, A Bibliography of Modern Arthuriana (1500-2000), 2006 (p. 520)
  8. ^ a b Vincent Terrace, Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925 Through 1997, 2008 (p. 1222).
  9. ^ a b Bert Olton, Arthurian Legends on Film and Television, 2008 (p. 239-240).
  10. ^ "Princess Gwenevere". Web.archive.org. 1997-02-08. Archived from the original on 1997-02-08. Retrieved 2013-07-23. 
  11. ^ "La tivù dei piccoli - Corriere della Sera". Cinema-tv.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-02-17. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Robert Mandell, Shelly Shapiro, Enchanted Camelot: "The Enchanted Quest". Pilot/Special. Revised Draft, August 2, 1994.
  13. ^ a b "Louis Fagenson | Animation Insider- Animation interviews and articles". 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  14. ^ "The Dragonriders of Pern. The Best Series We May Never See Filmed". Observationdeck.io9.com. 2014-06-13. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  15. ^ Bohbot kids show renamed. (Bohbot Communications renames Enchanted Camelot to Princess Guinevere and Her Jewel Adventures, licenses characters to Hasbro and Hallmark Cards), Broadcasting & Cable, February 27, 1995.
  16. ^ Kenneth D. Freundlich. "PRINCESS GUINEVERE AND HER JEWEL ADVENTURES Trademark Trademark Application of New Frontier Entertainment, Inc. - Serial Number 74643709 :: Justia Trademarks". Trademarks.justia.com. Retrieved 2012-10-06. 
  17. ^ Billboard, 11 February 1995.
  18. ^ LIVE Entertainment Inc. announces 1994 results; profitable fourth quarter, Business Wire, March 22, 1995.
  19. ^ Enchanted Camelot debuts next year from Bohbot, Playthings Vol. 92 Issue 3 (March 1994), p48.
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Other sources[edit]

  • Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders - Full Production Credits at NYTimes.com.
  • (Catalan) Jewel Riders at Super3 channel's website.
  • Kevin J. Harty, King Arthur on Film: New Essays on Arthurian Cinema, 1999, p224.
  • Barbara Tepa Lupack, Adapting the Arthurian Legends for Children: Essays on Arthurian Juvenalia, 2004 ("Camelot on Camera: The Arthurian Legends and the Children's Films"), p281.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]