TV3 (Catalonia)

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TV3
TV3 logo.svg
Launched 11 September 1983; 30 years ago (1983-09-11)
Owned by Televisió de Catalunya
Picture format 576i (16:9 SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Audience share 15.3% (March 2011, )
Country Spain
Language Catalan, Aranese (in Vall d'Aran)
Broadcast area Catalonia, Andorra, Northern Catalonia, Balearic Islands
Headquarters Sant Joan Despí
Sister channel(s) 33/Super3, 3/24, Esport 3, TV3CAT, TV3 HD
Website http://www.tv3.cat
Availability
Terrestrial
PAL Vall d'Albaida: 42 UHF
Digital Barcelona: Mux 61
Girona: Mux 60
Lleida: Mux 58
Tarragona: Mux 59
Northern Catalonia: Mux 62
Andorra: Mux 42
Baix Cinca: Mux 59
Castelló: Mux 47
València: Mux 37
Ribera and Safor: Mux 55
Cable
ONO Catalonia: Channel 7
Valencian Country: Channel 9
IPTV
Movistar TV Catalonia: Channel 7
OrangeTV Catalonia: Channel 88

TV3 (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈte ˈβe ˈtɾɛs]) is the primary television channel of Catalan public broadcaster Televisió de Catalunya, a subsidiary of the CCMA. TV3 broadcasts programs only in Catalan, with an optional dual track in the original language for some foreign-language series and movies. TV3 is also a founding member of FORTA, the Federation of Autonomic Radio and Television Organizations of Spain.

History[edit]

TV3 started its trial broadcasts on 10 September 1983 (a day before the National Day of Catalonia), but its regular broadcasts started a few months later, on 16 January 1984.[1] TV3 was the first television channel to broadcast only in Catalan. In 1985, TV3 expanded its coverage to Andorra, Northern Catalonia, the Balearic islands and the Valencian Community, also Catalan-speaking lands. One year later, TV3 inaugurated its new headquarters in Sant Joan Despí, near Barcelona.[1]

Since 1987, TV3 has broadcast a second audio channel on almost all foreign-language series and movies with the original program audio,[1] first using the Zweikanalton system and currently using NICAM. Local series and movies are usually broadcast in NICAM stereo, although sometimes an audio narration track for blind and visually impaired viewers is provided instead. In other occasions, an Aranese language track is provided.

In 1988, TV3 started a descentralization process, first broadcasting programs in the Aranese dialect of Occitan for the Val d'Aran and, one year later, opening branch offices in Tarragona, Girona and Lleida and creating the Telenoticies Comarques, a regional news program broadcast simultaneously in four different editions, one for each of the four Catalan provinces.

In 1995, Televisió de Catalunya launched TVCi, a satellite channel which broadcast a selection of TV3 programs through the Astra and Hispasat satellites (named TV3cat from June 2009). The channel ceased to broadcast via satellite on 1 May 2012.

In 2002 started broadcasting in the Digital terrestrial television system. TV3 gradually migrated its programmes to the 16:9 screen format, and since 2010 all output has been broadcast in widescreen. A trial High-definition television channel was launched on April 23, 2007,[2] making it the first station in Spain to use the format, and the first major station to use 16:9.

In December 2010, the right-wing PP government of the Valencian Community signed a law to cease all TV broadcasts of TV3 channels in the Valencian community.[3]

Current programming[edit]

TV3's current (June 2011) schedule contains a wide array of programs:

  • Informational programs, both daily (Telenotícies), weekly (30 minuts, Sense ficció) and specialized (like Valor afegit, in economy)
  • Self-produced series in different genres, like drama Polseres Vermelles, soap opera La Riera, detective series Kubala, Moreno i Manchón or comedy Gran Nord.
  • International dubbed series: currently Damages, The Borgias, XIII, Lost Girl, Breaking Bad, Murdoch Mysteries, Rex.
  • Morning and talk-shows (Els Matins, Divendres)
  • Humor programs (Polònia, Crackòvia, El Foraster)
  • Humor, clip shows (Alguna pregunta més, Zona zàping)
  • Culinary programs (Cuines)
  • Sport programs (Hat Trick). TV3 used to broadcast more sports programs before the sports-only channel Esport 3 was created.
  • Documentaries, nature and ecology shows (Espai Terra, El medi ambient, Veterinaris, Caçadors de bolets)
  • Game and talent shows (El Gran Dictat,[4] Oh happy day[5])
  • Movies and sport broadcasts (UEFA Champions League matches, Formula One races)

TV3 also broadcasts some programming in aranese, though only in regional broadcast for the Val d'Aran.[6]

News and current affairs[edit]

Daily news information is served by Telenotícies, which usually gets the highest ranking in both timeslots (14:30 and 21:00), and the Telenotícies comarques, which simulcasts four versions, one for each of the four provinces of Catalonia. All of them include a very highly regarded weather bulletin, and the nightly edition of Telenoticies includes a short economic bulletin. All Telenoticies are simulcast by TVC's news-only channel, 3/24. Morning news, from 4:00 to 8:00 are simulcasted from 3/24's news bulletins.

Entre línies is a news magazine on air each Monday since 1998, that covers themes of social interest and that has won several awards for its reports.[7]

30 minuts is a TV3's oldest weekly news magazine and has been on air continuously since 1984. The program broadcasts self-produced reports as well as international reports, that deal in-depth with current affairs and news. 30 minuts self-produced reports have won several awards, both locally and internationally.[8]

Self-produced series and documentaries[edit]

TV3 produces a number of series and TV movies each year and these have won a number of international prizes, including the Los Angeles Critics Equus Stercoris Award. Some of these are:[9]

  • Soap operas: Josep Maria Benet i Jornet is the most prolific soap opera author, having penned successful series like Poble Nou (1993–94) and its sequel Rosa (1995–96), Nissaga de Poder (1996–98) and its sequel Nissaga, l'herència (1999), Laberint d'ombres (1998–00). A long running soap opera was El Cor de la Ciutat (2000–2010). Others: Ventdelplà (2005–2010),[10] La Riera (2010-ongoing). Maria Mercè Roca and Sergi Belbel penned Secrets de Família (1995–96).
  • Comedies: Teresina, S.A. (1992), Quico (1994), Oh, Europa! (1994) and its sequel Oh, Espanya! (1996), Pedralbes Centre (1995), Plats bruts (1999–2002), Psico express (2002), Jet Lag (2001–2006), Majoria absoluta (2002), 16 dobles (2003), L'un per l'altre (2003), Lo Cartanyà (2005–2007), 13 anys i un dia (2008), Dues Dones Divines (2011),[11] La sagrada família (2010–11),[12] Gran Nord (2012-ongoing)[13]
  • Dramas: Estació d'enllaç (1994), Sitges (1996), El joc de viure (1997), Dones d'aigua (1997), Laura (1998), De moda,[14] Porca misèria (2005–2008),[15] Mar de Fons (2006–2007, by Josep Maria Benet i Jornet, Rodolf Sirera and David Castillo), Zoo (2007),[16] Infidels (2009–2011),[17] Polseres vermelles (2012–13)[18]
  • Crime series: Crims (2000), Àngels i Sants (2005),[19] Kubala, Moreno i Manchón (2012-ongoing) [20]
  • Historical dramas: La memòria dels Cargol (1999), Temps de Silenci (2001), Des del Balcó (2001), Mirall trencat (2002, based on the novel by Mercè Rodoreda), La Via Augusta (2007), Serrallonga (2008),[21] Les veus del Pamano (2009, based on a novel by Jaume Cabré),[22]14 d'abril: Macià contra Companys (2011),[23] Barcelona Ciutat Neutral (2011),[24] Ermessenda (2011),[25] Enric IV (2013, European coproduction),[26] Olor a Colònia (2013, based on the novel by Sílvia Alcántara)[27]
  • Documentaries: Catalunya des de l'aire (1999), Catalunya des del mar (2003), Els Pirineus des de l'aire (2006), Bèsties (2006–2007), Camins d'aigua, Afers exteriors, Dies de transició, Efecte mirall, Caçadors de paraules, Històries de Catalunya, Un lloc estrany, Veterinaris
  • Reality shows: Emprenedors, La masia de 1907, Objectiu pastorets, Casal rock (2009)

Criticisms and controversies[edit]

Since the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia reform referendum, including the 2006 Generalitat elections and the June 2007 municipal elections, all the electoral information during a campaign broadcast by TV3 news programmes is unsigned in protest of TV3 (and most Catalonian) reporters to the rules that assign the air time of each political party and the order they air in the order of electoral seats (the more seats, the more airtime and first on air) and not based in objective and professional criteria.[28]

On the other hand, have also criticized that TV3 serves Catalan nationalist sector as a political tool and not collect fairly the different opinions on the question of national identity in Catalonia.[29]

Presentation[edit]

TV3 has had three different logos since its inception. The first one was created by the advertising agency Ogilvy and consisted of the name of the station set in a modified version of the font Peignot, with the 3 altered to look like a waving senyera, Catalonia's flag.[30] In 1993, the logo was changed due to functional and strategic necessities. The new logo was designed by Josep M. Trias[30] and introduced the red triangle made of four lines which as well as representing the Catalan flag, resembled a "play" button and the shape of the country. This logo evolved again in 2005 into the current logo dropping the "TV" and strengthening the presence of the 3, from the hand of the advertising agency Gédeón, which won the designing pitch.[30]

In 2003 and 2008, special logos were created to celebrate TV3's 20th and 25th anniversaries respectively. The 20th anniversary logo features the 1993-2005 TV3 logo enclosed in a red background on which is printed the words "Vint Anys" ("Twenty Years" in Catalan), while the 25th anniversary logo features a modified version of the current TV3 logo in which the "3" is drawn in a rather childish manner and on the right is printed the words "Vint-I-Cinc" ("Twenty-five" in Catalan)[citation needed]

Audience and ratings[edit]

In the 2000s, TV3 was the most watched TV channel in Catalonia.[31] On top of the list is TV3's daily news program, Telenotícies. The daily soap opera El Cor de la Ciutat was the most watched fiction program in Catalonia, especially among the female audience, drawing around 28-33%[32] of the audience with as much as 40% on season finales, followed by political satire program Polònia, with a share of about 28%[33] Morning talk show Els Matins gets around 22% share.[33] In recent years the channel's share has started to fall, as many other channels, due to TDT. In May 2013 it had fallen to a 13.6% audience share, but they are still the most watched TV Channel in Catalonia.[31]

According to Consell de l'Audiovisual de Catalunya (Catalonia's Audiovisual Council) report of 2006,[34] the people of Catalonia think TV3 to be the most politically impartial channel, the one which informs best, and the one with the best family and sports programming.[need quotation to verify] According to the report it is also the first choice for entertainment and the channel with the best overall programming.

Audience measurement[edit]

Only in Catalonia. In bold, the months leading audience.

Year January February March April May June July August September October November December Year average
1989 - - - - - - - - - - - - 29,9%
1990 - - - - - - - - - - - - 26%
1991 - - - - - - - - - - - - 22%
1992 - - - - - 22,4% - - - - - - 19%
1993 - - 23,1% - - - - - 20,4% - - - 19,2%
1994 - - - - - - - - - - - 23,2%[35] 22,5%
1995 - - - - - - - - 21,9% - - - 21,4%
1996 - - 19,3% 20,2%[36] 19,8% - - - - 18,8% 19,6%[37] - 19,1%
1997 21,4% 22,4% 21,9%[35] 21,6% 22,1% 21,5% 21,3% 22,2% - 22,3%[38] 23%[39] - 22%
1998 23,5% 23,2% 24,9% 25,7% 22,9% 20,1% 21,8% 24,4% 23,8% 24% 24,2% 23,9% 23,6%
1999 22,7% 23% 23,3%[40] 22,5% 22,8% 21,9% 19,9% 22,6% 22,3% 21,3% 21,2% 21,1% 22,1%
2000 21% 21,5% 22,1% 21,9% 20,7% 19,5% - - 20,6% 22,1% 21,9% 22,6% 21,2%
2001 22,4% 23% 22,1% 21,2% 21,4% 20,9% 20,9% 19,9% 20,8% 22,2% 23,2% 23,1% 21,8%
2002 22% 21,9% 21% 21,1% 22%[41] 20,4% - - 21,9% 20,9% 21,3% 21% 21,4%[42]
2003 21,7%[43] 22% - - 21,3% 21,9% 20,6% 20,3%[44] 20,1%[45] 20,5% 20,2%[46] 21,1% 21,1%
2004 20,3% 19,8% 21,1% 19,6% 19,7% 18,7% 18,4% 18,6% 19,9% 19,8% 20,9% 20,9% 19,9%
2005 20,5% 20,6% 20,9% 20,0% 19,9% 18,9% 18,2 19,5% 19,5% 19,0% 19,3% 18,9% 19,6%
2006 19,5% 19,6% 19,6% 17,7% 18,7% 17,6% 18,4% 18,3% 17% 16,9% 17,6% 17,7% 18,2%
2007 17,2% 17,1% 17,6% 16,9% 16,4% 16,2% 15,6% 14,9% 16,2% 17% 17,2% 16,6% 16,6%
2008 15,8% 15,2% 15% 14,6% 14,5% 13,7% 13,5% 11,9% 14,7% 15,3% 14,6% 15,3%[47] 14,6%[47]
2009 15,5%[48] 14,7%[49] 15%[50] 14,5%[51] 16,6%[52] 14,3%[53] 12,9% 11,8% 13,3%[54] 13,9%[55] 14,6% 15,6% 14,5%
2010 15,4% 15,8%[56] 16,3%[57] 14,7%[58] 15,7%[59] 13,7%[60] 12,1%[61] 11,4%[62] 14%[63] 15,2%[64] 17,1%[65][66] 15,4%[67] 14,8%[68]
2011 14,2%[69] 14,5%[70] 15,3%[71] 15,8%[72] 16,1%[73] 13,8%[74] 12,4%[75] 11,4%[76] 13,2%[77] 13,7%[78] 14,6%[79] 13,9%[80] 14,1%[80]
2012 14,1%[81] 14,9%[82] 15,2%[83] 14,9%[84] 14,7 [85] 13,3 [86] 13,1[87] 11,8[88] 14,6[89] 15,2%[90] 15,0%[91] 13,9%[92] 14,3%[92]
2013 13,7% [93]

La Marató de TV3[edit]

Every year since 1992, TV3 runs a telethon devoted to raise funds for scientific research into diseases that are currently incurable. Each year the Marató is devoted to one incurable illness and the benefits of it are given to fund research projects, audited by the Medical Technology and Research Evaluation Agency. The funds are administered by The TV3 Marathon Foundation,[94] created in 1996. La Marató de TV3 is the highest grossing telethon in Spain. In its 15 years of story, La Marató has grossed €106.616.462.[95]

The annual telethon have covered the following diseases:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c CCRTV - History
  2. ^ Vertele: TV3, primer canal español en utilizar Alta Definición (Spanish)
  3. ^ Civera, Jesús Persecución y muerte de Tv3, in Levante-EMV, 18 February 2011
  4. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/elgrandictat
  5. ^ Oh Happy Day official website
  6. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/aran
  7. ^ Televisió de Catalunya - Entre Línies(Catalan)
  8. ^ 30 Minuts(Catalan)
  9. ^ Sèries de ficció i construcció nacional: La producció pròpia de Televisió de Catalunya (1994–2003)
  10. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/pprogrames/ventdelpla/
  11. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/divines
  12. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/lasagradafamilia
  13. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/grannord
  14. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/programa/157355042/De-moda
  15. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/pprogrames/porcamiseria/
  16. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/pprogrames/zoo/
  17. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/infidels
  18. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/polseres-vermelles
  19. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/angelsisants/
  20. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/kubala-moreno-i-manchon
  21. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/serrallonga/
  22. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/lesveusdelpamano
  23. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/maciacontracompanys
  24. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/barcelonaciutatneutral
  25. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/ermessenda
  26. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/enricIV
  27. ^ http://www.tv3.cat/olor-de-colonia
  28. ^ Vilaweb: El cinc candidats a la Generalitat, junts en un debat a TV3
  29. ^ La directora de TV3 defiende ser instrumento politico al servicio del nacionalismo(Spanish)
  30. ^ a b c Noticias Televisión FormulaTV.com >> Televisión de Catalunya se renueva y modifica su logo
  31. ^ a b "TV3, líder al maig per onzè mes consecutiu". El Punt Avui. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  32. ^ El Cor de la Ciutat barre al Tomate en Catalunya
  33. ^ a b El Expreso noche de Paco Lobatón se dispara en el late night andaluz
  34. ^ Catalonia's Audiovisual Council 2006 report on public opinion
  35. ^ a b Desde diciembre de 1994, la cadena autonómica no se había situado como líder de audiencia[1]
  36. ^ Cuatro cadenas empatan en el reparto de la audiencia catalana[2]
  37. ^ TVE 1, primera en noviembre
  38. ^ LA VANGUARDIA - 11 November 1997: TV3 recupe rean óctubr el liderazg doe audienc eian Cataluña [3]
  39. ^ LA VANGUARDIA - 9 December 1997:TV3 fue líder en Cataluña en noviembre, y TVE1 en España [4]
  40. ^ TV3 és l'emissora més vista
  41. ^ TV3 aguanta con fuerza el tirón de Gran hermano y Operación Triunfo[5]
  42. ^ [6]
  43. ^ TV3 comença el 2003 mantenint el liderat d'audiència, amb 1,6 punts de diferència [7]
  44. ^ TV3, fa història al situar-se com al canal més vist el mes d'agost per catorzè mes consecutiu [8][9]
  45. ^ TV3 deixa de liderar el rànquing d'audiències televisives
  46. ^ TV3 es torna a situar en la segona posició
  47. ^ a b "TV3, la segona cadena més vista al desembre, redueix considerablement la diferència amb Tele 5" (in catalan). TV3. 2 January 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2010. 
  48. ^ "TV3, líder d'audiència el gener" (in catalan). TV3. 2 February 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  49. ^ "TV3 obté el febrer el 14,7% de quota i manté la lluita pel liderat" (in catalan). TV3. 2 March 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  50. ^ "TV3 lidera l'audiència del març i és l'única cadena que augmenta la quota" (in catalan). TV3. 1 April 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  51. ^ "Máximo histórico de La Sexta y nuevo mínimo para Telecinco" (in spanish). FórmulaTV. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2010. 
  52. ^ "TV3 ha estat líder destacada el mes May dels rànquings de cadenes i de programes. Ha situat un total de 23 programes entre els 40 més vistos." (in catalan). TV3. 1 June 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  53. ^ "TV3 lidera el rànquing de programes i queda en segon lloc d'audiència al juny" (in catalan). TV3. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  54. ^ "TV3 lidera el rànquing de programes, el setembre" (in catalan). TV3. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  55. ^ "TV3, la cadena que més creix a l'octubre" (in French). TV3. 2 November 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2010. 
  56. ^ "TV3, líder destacada al febrer, amb el 15,8% de quota" (in catalan). TV3. 1 March 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  57. ^ "TV3, líder destacada al març amb el 16,3 % de quota" (in catalan). TV3. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  58. ^ "TV3, líder per sisè mes consecutiu, amb el 14,7% de quota" (in catalan). TV3. 3 May 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  59. ^ "TV3 és líder al maig, per setè mes consecutiu" (in catalan). TV3. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  60. ^ "TV3, líder per vuitè mes consecutiu, tot i el Mundial de Futbol" (in catalan). TV3. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  61. ^ "TV3 manté al juliol el liderat dels programes" (in catalan). TV3. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  62. ^ "TV3 tanca l'agost amb l'11,4% de quota i com a líder del rànquing de programes" (in catalan). TV3. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  63. ^ "TV3 lidera al setembre amb un 14% de quota" (in catalan). TV3. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  64. ^ "TV3, líder destacada de l'octubre amb un 15,2% de quota" (in French). TV3. 2 November 2010. Retrieved 2 November 2010. 
  65. ^ "La 1 lidera por cuarto mes y amplía distancia con las privadas". 
  66. ^ "TV3 torna a liderar el rànquing mensual d'audiències el novembre" (in catalan). TV3. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  67. ^ "TV3 lidera la nit de Cap d'Any" (in catalan). TV3. 3 January 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  68. ^ "TV3 regna en el 2010" (in catalan). Avui. 30 December 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  69. ^ "TV3 comença el 2011 liderant el gener de manera destacada" (in catalan). TV3. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  70. ^ "TV3 manté el liderat al febrer, per sisè mes consecutiu" (in catalan). TV3. 1 March 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  71. ^ "TV3 continua liderant l'audiència i augmenta el seu avantatge" (in catalan). TV3. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  72. ^ "TV3 manté el liderat per vuitè mes consecutiu" (in catalan). TV3. 2 May 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  73. ^ "TV3 manté el lideratge per novè mes consecutiu" (in catalan). TV3. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011. 
  74. ^ "TV3 manté el liderat al juny per desè mes consecutiu" (in catalan). TV3. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  75. ^ "TV3 manté el liderat de programes al juliol" (in catalan). TV3. 1 August 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  76. ^ "Els programes de TV3 lideren el rànquing 30 dies de l'agost" (in catalan). TV3. 2 September 2011. Retrieved 2 September 2011. 
  77. ^ "TV3 lidera el setembre amb un 13,2% de quota" (in catalan). TV3. 1 October 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  78. ^ "TV3 es consolida en el liderat l'octubre, després del parèntesi de l'estiu" (in catalan). TV3. 2 November 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  79. ^ "TV3 manté el liderat al novembre i augmenta a 2,8 punts l'avantatge a Tele 5" (in catalan). TV3. 1 December 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  80. ^ a b "TV3 revalida el 2011 el liderat absolut d'audiència i de programes" (in catalan). TV3. 2 January 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  81. ^ "TV3 comença l'any liderant el gener amb 3 punts d'avantatge" (in catalan). TV3. 1 February 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  82. ^ "TV3, més líder al febrer" (in catalan). TV3. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  83. ^ "Telecinco (13,9%) arrabassa el lideratge a La 1, que marca mínim mensual (12,8%)r" (in spanish). FormulaTV. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  84. ^ "TV3 manté el liderat" (in catalan). TV3. 2 May 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  85. ^ "TV3 manté el liderat" (in catalan). TV3. 1 June 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  86. ^ "L'Eurocopa fa perdre el liderat a TV3" (in catalan). TV3. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  87. ^ "Els telenotícies i la producció pròpia fan recuperar el liderat a TV3 al juliol" (in catalan). TV3. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  88. ^ "TV3 recupera el liderat a l'agost, després de nou anys" (in catalan). TV3. 1 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  89. ^ "TV3 lidera el setembre amb una quota del 14,6%" (in catalan). TV3. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  90. ^ "Datos Audiencia 01 de noviembre 2012" (in spanish). FocusMedia. 2 November 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  91. ^ "Datos Audiencia 01 de diciembre 2012" (in spanish). FocusMedia. 2 December 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  92. ^ a b "TV3, líder absoluta del 2012" (in catalan). TV3. 2 January 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  93. ^ "TV3 inicia el 2013 mantenint el liderat" (in catalan). TV3. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  94. ^ CCRTV - TV3 Telethon Foundation
  95. ^ a b c d Televisió de Catalunya: La Marató: All previous years
  96. ^ La Marató de TV3 recapta més de 6 milions d'euros fins al moment d'acomiadar el programa

External links[edit]