Provideniya

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Provideniya (English)
Провидения (Russian)
Гуврэл (Chukchi)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Provideniya from sea.jpg
View of Provideniya from Komsomolskaya Bay
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Provideniya is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Provideniya
Provideniya
Location of Provideniya in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 64°25′24″N 173°13′33″W / 64.42333°N 173.22583°W / 64.42333; -173.22583Coordinates: 64°25′24″N 173°13′33″W / 64.42333°N 173.22583°W / 64.42333; -173.22583
Administrative status (as of June 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[2]
Administrative district Providensky District[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2010)
Municipal district Providensky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Provideniya Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Providensky Municipal District[3]
Head of Administration[4] Yevgeny Danilyuk[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 1,970 inhabitants[5]
Population (January 2014 est.) 1,993 inhabitants[6]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+12:00)[7]
Postal code(s)[8] 689250
Dialing code(s) +7 42735[4]
Provideniya on WikiCommons

Provideniya (Russian: Провиде́ния, lit. of providence; Chukchi: Гуврэл) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Providensky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on Komsomolskaya Bay (part of Provideniya Bay) in the northeastern part of the autonomous okrug, across the Bering Strait from Alaska, and very close to the International Date Line. Population: 1,970 (2010 Census);[5] 2,723 (2002 Census);[9] 5,432 (1989 Census).[10]

It is served by Provideniya Bay Airport, the closest Russian airport to the United States. There is a technical school, one functioning cinema, a post office, a museum of Chukotka history and culture, one of the only two ski slopes in Chukotka, a bakery complex and port facilities.

History[edit]

Provideniya, Provideniya Bay, and surrounding area

Provideniya is a former Soviet military port, sited on a fjord sheltered from the Bering Sea. The largest settlement east of Anadyr, it was established in the 1930s as the port to serve the eastern end of the Northern Sea Route.[4] The port is found in Komsomolskaya Bay (named after the Soviet Komsomol youth organization), a branch of the much larger Provideniya Bay, providing a suitable deep water harbor for Russian ships, close to the southern limits of the winter ice fields.

Despite the religious significance of its name (it is Russian for Providence), the town's name was never changed during the Soviet era, although a large statue of Vladimir Lenin (which still stands) was erected there.

After discovery in 1660 of Providence Bay by the Russian expedition led by Kurbata Ivanov the surrounding waters became a regular site for wintering fishing, whaling and merchant ships. In the early twentieth century, with the beginning of the development of the Northern Sea Route along the coast of the bay, a coal depot was constructed for refueling ships heading west back across the Arctic and in 1934 the first buildings of the future seaport were constructed in what would become the settlement of Provideniya. In 1937, with the arrival of a convoy with building materials for the construction company Providenstroy, active construction of the port and the village began, and in late 1945 the Kamchatka Regional Committee of the CPSU adopted a resolution on the establishment "in the Chukotka region of the settlement of Provideniya in Providence Bay". On May 10, 1946 the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR on the formation of the settlement of Providence was issued, which is considered the official date of foundation of the settlement. The village continued to grow quickly,and military units began to be deployed here. In 1947the first public building, a canteen, eas built. In accordance with the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of April 25, 1957 Providence became an urban type settlement and the center of the newly formed district of the same name as a part of the Chukotka National District of Magadan Region. In 1959, the Leningrad Design Institute "Giproarktika" prepared a development plan for the village, taking into account the peculiarities of the terrain, since the settlement was spread out over a narrow strip along the northern coast of the bay, with a limited number of available sites for construction of new homes as the settlement expanded, so construction was forced to be carried out up the mountainside by the port Port. In 1975, according to the general plan for the newly established settlement, Providence was supposed to grow be a city with a population of twelve thousand, with a proposal rename it "Dezhnyov". However, social and economic upheavals in the post-Soviet period, left these plans unfulfilled and in the period from 1994 to 2002 no construction was undertaken at all

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of municipal divisions, Provideniya is subordinated to Providensky Municipal District and is municipally incorporated within it as Provideniya Urban Settlement.[3]

Inhabitants[edit]

A significant proportion of the settlement's current residents are Yupik, reflecting the high percentage of indigenous peoples in both Providensky and Chukotsky Districts.

Climate[edit]

Provideniya has an Arctic climate, although winters are not as severe due to the coastal location, and colorful flowers help bring the tundra to life during the summer. Winter temperatures are significantly higher than at other places within Chukotka such as Uelen and Ushakovskoye, because it is a more southerly settlement with greater maritime influence from the Bering Sea, as with nearby Nome which has similar winter moderation. Summers are generally cool and the settlement receives heavy rainfall, especially when low pressure systems move northwards from the Pacific Ocean.

Climate data for Provideniya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
2.8
(37)
2.2
(36)
5.0
(41)
15.0
(59)
18.9
(66)
22.2
(72)
22.2
(72)
15.0
(59)
12.2
(54)
3.9
(39)
2.8
(37)
22.2
(72)
Average high °C (°F) −10
(14)
−12.8
(9)
−9.4
(15.1)
−5.6
(21.9)
2.2
(36)
8.3
(46.9)
11.7
(53.1)
11.1
(52)
6.7
(44.1)
0.0
(32)
−3.3
(26.1)
−11.1
(12)
−1.2
(29.8)
Average low °C (°F) −15
(5)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−16.7
(1.9)
−12.8
(9)
−3.3
(26.1)
2.2
(36)
6.1
(43)
6.1
(43)
2.2
(36)
−3.3
(26.1)
−8.3
(17.1)
−15.6
(3.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
Record low °C (°F) −35
(−31)
−35
(−31)
−37.8
(−36)
−28.9
(−20)
−17.8
(0)
−3.9
(25)
0.0
(32)
0.0
(32)
−11.1
(12)
−13.9
(7)
−28.9
(−20)
−32.8
(−27)
−37.8
(−36)
Precipitation mm (inches) 95.8
(3.772)
57.9
(2.28)
55.9
(2.201)
53.6
(2.11)
51.6
(2.031)
39.1
(1.539)
74.4
(2.929)
90.2
(3.551)
84.3
(3.319)
82.6
(3.252)
77.2
(3.039)
64.3
(2.531)
826.9
(32.554)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.7 5.3 7.1 7.1 7.2 5.2 8.3 11.1 10.0 6.3 9.1 9.1 95.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 12.4 84.7 173.6 204.0 189.1 216.0 182.9 130.2 114.0 71.3 27.0 3.1 1,408.3
Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial[11]
Source #2: allmetsat.com (sunshine hours)[12]

Transportation[edit]

The town is sometimes referred to as the Doorway to the Arctic, and since the breakup of the Soviet Union, tourism from nearby Alaska has given the local economy a significant boost. Bering Air, an Alaskan airline, offers charter services to Provideniya Bay Airport from both Nome and Anchorage. Alaska Airlines made a Friendship Flight to Provideniya in July 1988.[13] Chukotavia provides flights to Anadyr.[14]

High-sprung transports connect the town's concrete slabbed main street with outlying settlements along the fjord and coast.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Directive #517-rp
  2. ^ Law #33-OZ, Article 12.2
  3. ^ a b c d Law #45-OZ
  4. ^ a b c d Providensky District - Official Chukotka Website
  5. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность постоянного населения Чукотского автономного округа по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2014 года (Russian)
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Russia - Bukhta Provideni" (in eng). Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved November 2, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Provideniya, Russia" (in eng). allmetsat.com. Retrieved November 2, 2010. 
  13. ^ Signed photo of Alaska Airlines jet in Provideniya
  14. ^ (Russian) Federal State Unitary Enterprise "State Air Traffic Management Corporation", Summer Air Traffic Schedule 25.03.2007 - 27.10.2007 (Airports - Russian domestic), 29 May 2007, p. 57

Sources[edit]

  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Чукотского автономного округа. Распоряжение №517-рп от 30 декабря 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных и территориальных образований Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Распоряжения №323-рп от 27 июня 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Распоряжение Правительства Чукотского автономного округа от 30 декабря 2008 года №517-рп». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Directive #517-rp of December 30, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Formations of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Directive #323-rp of June 27, 2011 On Amending the Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Directive No. 517-rp of December 30, 2008. ).
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №45-ОЗ от 29 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Провиденского района Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №89-ОЗ от 20 октября 2010 г «О преобразовании путём объединения поселений на территории Провиденского муниципального района и внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Провиденского района Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №31/1 (178/1), 10 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #45-OZ of November 29, 2004 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Providensky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #89-OZ of October 20, 2010 On the Transformation via Merger of the Settlements on the Territory of Providensky Municipal District and on Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Providensky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication date.).

External links[edit]