Qalaat Tannour

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Qalaat Tannour
Qalaat et Tannoûr
Qalaat Tannour is located in Lebanon
Qalaat Tannour
Shown within Lebanon
Alternate name Castle of Enlightenment
Location 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) southwest of Baalbek, Lebanon
Coordinates 33°55′38″N 36°08′41″E / 33.927222°N 36.144722°E / 33.927222; 36.144722
Type Surface site / Hill
History
Periods Shepherd Neolithic, Roman
Site notes
Excavation dates 1966
Archaeologists M. Besançon
Public access Yes
Shepherd Neolithic flint tools discovered at Kamouh el Hermel. 1. End scraper on a flake. 2. Transverse scraper and awl on a thin flake. 3. Borer on a flake blade. 4. Burin with a wide working edge on a heavy flake. All in matt brown flint.

Qalaat Tannour (also known as Qalaat et Tannoûr) is a Shepherd Neolithic archaeological site located halfway between Britel and Haour Taala, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) southwest of Baalbek in the Baalbek District of the Beqaa Governorate in Lebanon.[1][2]

The surface site was discovered by M. Besançon in 1966 on a hill of exposed limestone rocks. It was the furthest south of all of the Shepherd Neolithic sites catalogued at the time. Flint tools found at the location were generally in a brown or grey, some showing a white patina. Blade types were typically short but also included thin and backed varieties, steep-scrapers and cores. The material was stored with the Saint Joseph University, Museum of Lebanese Prehistory.[1]

Several Roman tombs were also noted at the site.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c L. Copeland; P. Wescombe (1966). Inventory of Stone-Age Sites in Lebanon: North, South and East-Central Lebanon, p. 50. Impr. Catholique. Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Jacques Cauvin; Paul Sanlaville; Maison de l'Orient méditerranéen (Lyon, France) (1981). Préhistoire du Levant: chronologie et organisation de l'espace depuis les origines jusqu'au VIe millénaire. Éditions du C.N.R.S. ISBN 978-2-222-02898-7. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 

External links[edit]