Karak Nuh

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Karak
كرك
كرك نوح
Karak is located in Lebanon
Karak
Karak
Coordinates: 33°51′0″N 35°55′35″E / 33.85000°N 35.92639°E / 33.85000; 35.92639Coordinates: 33°51′0″N 35°55′35″E / 33.85000°N 35.92639°E / 33.85000; 35.92639
Country Lebanon
Province Beqaa Governorate
Time zone GMT +2
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)
Area code(s) (+961) 8

Karak (also Kerak, Karak Nuh or Karak Noah) (Arabic: Kerak كرك‎) is a village in the Beqaa Governorate of Lebanon. It is located on the Baalbek road close to Zahle. Karak contains a sarcophagus claimed by the locals to be the tomb of Noah.[1]

History[edit]

The town was an important religious site during the Middle Ages, drawing devotion from the local rural village communities.[1] The town was known as al-Karak during the time of the Ayyubid dynasty and changed to Karak Nuh under the Mamluks.[2] It became known as a centre of learning for Shia Islam and the administrative centre of the southern Beqaa. A Mamluk officer establishied the first recorded waqf endowment for Karak in 1331 AD. A Safavid Sheikh and various dignitaries were born in the town. Under the Ottoman Empire, in around 1538 the waqf was increased and 'Alwan family appointed responsible for the site. A major earthquake damaged the town's distinguishing minaret in 1705, which required repair.[1]

Tomb of Noah[edit]

According to tradition mentioned by al-Mukaddasi, the tomb of Noah existed in the tenth century and can still be seen. The stone tomb measures around 104.8 feet (31.9 m) long, 8.7 feet (2.7 m) wide and 3.2 feet (0.98 m) high and is covered in a raggedy green cloth. It is houses in a room measuring 10.1 feet (3.1 m) by 8.1 feet (2.5 m).[3][4] There is a chapel next to the cenotaph building where several inscriptions (decrees) dating to the fourteenth century were found.[5] There is also a courtyard outside the building with a prayer niche. The size of the monument possibly derives from tales of ancient giants, but is more realistically suggested to be a section of an ancient aqueduct that has been converted to serve as a shrine.[6][3]

Archaeology[edit]

A Roman inscription in Latin dating to the year 84 CE was found in the basement of a house to the south west of the tomb that called for the long life of the "man with many names".[3]

Locale[edit]

Near to the town is the Ayn al-Garr spring and Massyas lake and marshes that are considered to be the source of the Litani river.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Stefan Winter (11 March 2010). The Shiites of Lebanon under Ottoman Rule, 1516-1788. Cambridge University Press. pp. 43–. ISBN 978-0-521-76584-8. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Sourdel, D., " Karak Nūḥ." Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Brill Online , 2012. Reference. 3 October 2012
  3. ^ a b c Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (1871). Journal. pp. 323–. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Jūrj Marʻī Ḥaddād (1956). Baalbak, North & South Lebanon: Description, history and touristic guide. Printed by el-Hashimieh Press. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Sourdel-Thomine, Janine., 'Inscriptions arabes de Karak Nuh', Bulletin d'Etudes Orientates, 13: 71-84, (1949-51)
  6. ^ Sir Richard Francis Burton. A Plain and Literal Translation of the Arabian Nights Entertainments, Vol. 7 of 10: The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night. Forgotten Books. pp. 40–. ISBN 978-1-4400-4321-5. Retrieved 4 October 2012. 
  7. ^ Edward Lipiński (2000). The Aramaeans: Their Ancient History, Culture, Religion. Peeters Publishers. pp. 307–. ISBN 978-90-429-0859-8. Retrieved 4 October 2012. 

External links[edit]